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Transitioning Capabilities between NASA Research and NOAA Operations

Transitioning Capabilities between NASA Research and NOAA Operations

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Transitioning Capabilities between NASA Research and NOAA Operations

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  1. Transitioning Capabilities between NASA Research and NOAA Operations Presentation to CIOSS Executive Board Meeting Aug 30, 2005 (rev 25)

  2. Background • The transition between NASA research and NOAA operations has been identified as a national issue: • Reports of the National Research Council • Recommendations from the Commission on Ocean Policy • This is being addressed in two ways: • Near-Term – Senate language in the NOAA FY05 budget for NOAA: • “Provide NOAA the capability to transition NASA remote sensed ocean measurements into operational products for the user community” • Observations explicitly mentioned: “ocean winds from scatterometers,…sea level…from altimeters, and…ocean color” • This is a one-year $4M level of effort, with no assurance for continuation • Longer-Term – The establishment of a more formal process process between the two agencies to facilitate the transitioning

  3. Near-Term Approach • Prepare an FY05 Implementation Plan for a Research & Operations Program and show early results for the $4M • Development of plan initiated in January 2005 • Plan approved by Jack Kelly on April 1, 2005 • Elements of plan were to have been funded and underway • Link the elements of the Research & Operations Program to NOAA Goals and engage in the FY08 budget process

  4. Surface Vector Winds Objective • Identify the most appropriate path for NOAA to collect operational surface vector winds (SVW) Status • NASA QuikSCAT data have been used operationally by NWS for 3+ years • Post-QuikSCAT SVW are to be provided by NPOESS/CMIS, but its performance is predicated on an evaluation of WindSat Identified Tasks • Ensure timely access by NWS to WindSat SVW to enable user evaluation • Refine QuikSCAT products – rain & spatial resolution Overall Issue • To the extent that CMIS is inadequate, explore options for flight of a a scatterometer to follow QuikSCAT

  5. Sea Surface Height Objective • Transition satellite altimetry from NASA research to NOAA operations by implementing Jason-3 Status • NASA has provided 13+ years of high-quality SSH, with TOPEX/Poseidon and Jason-1, but will not continue support beyond Jason-2 Identified Tasks • Justify user requirements for operational SSH – hurricane intensity, coastal sea level, seasonal/interannual, climate analyses, global sea level rise... Overall Issues • Build the case for a Jason-3 via an FY08 budget initiative, including prospects for a European partner

  6. Ocean Color* Objective • Transition ocean color from NASA’s SeaWifs and Aqua/MODIS to NOAA operations with VIIRS Status • SeaWiFS has been used since 1997 for research & HAB forecasting, but NASA is discontinuing free access needed by the research community to fix MODIS deficiencies in coastal areas and maintain climate data records Identified Tasks • Jointly support with NASA continued access to SeaWiFS data for research community • Develop a robust in-situ calibration capability for ocean color • Justify support for climate-quality ocean-color data records Overall Issues • Assess prospects for VIIRS to meet requirements for ocean color – pre-launch characterization, on-orbit and concurrent in-situ calibration, and a capability for continuing algorithm development and re-processing * The term, Ocean Color, is used tomean normalized water-leaving radiances – from which parameters like chlorophyll aconcentration, characterization of harmful algal blooms, water clarity, and inherent optical properties can be derived

  7. Near-Term – Status • The Research & Operations Program beyond FY05 • Senate mark for FY06 includes $4M, but the House mark does not • Continuation will depend on the Conference Committee • Progress on the Overall Issues will ultimately be dependent on success in the budget process, the first opportunity for NOAA being in FY08

  8. Longer-Term Approach (1) Establish a Plan to transition key capabilities between NASA and NOAA • This plan is included in the Administrator’s priorities for NOAA and is to be available for high-level agency review by the end of the year • The term, capabilities, includes the full range of activities extending from space hardware, calibration & validation, communications, ground data system including archival, timely access to data, assimilation of data into models, and the generation of associated analyses and forecasts

  9. Longer-Term Approach (2) Research & Operations (R&O) Transition Management Oversight • Establishes framework for collaboration, sets bilateral policy and priorities, approves Transition Plan, and oversees execution • NOAA/Greg Withee • NASA/Mary Cleave R&O Joint NASA/NOAA Working Group • Identifies initial set of key Capabilities, prepares overall Transition Plan including those Capabilities, and executes • NOAA/Gary Davis • NASA/Ron Birk R&O Transition Teams • Prepare an implementation plan for each identified Capability • We worked to get the three ocean-related capabilities included in the initial set

  10. Longer-Term – Status • Terms of Reference for the R&O Joint NASA/NOAA Working Group (JWG) have been agreed to by both agencies • The JWG has recommended an initial set of capabilities for transitioning • Surface Vector Winds • Sea Surface Height • Ocean Color • Global Precipitation • NASA Research Sensor(s) on GOES-R • We are awaiting formal approval for these capabilities • Discussions are underway regarding the establishment of an implementation team for each

  11. Longer-Term – Prospects • Prospective next steps for each capability • Surface Vector Winds – possible new start for a NASA Ocean Vector Wind Mission • Sea Surface Height – proposed NOAA new start in FY08 for Jason-3 • Ocean Color – institutionalize a mechanism for the collection of Thematic Climate Data Records (TCDRs) from SeaWiFS/MODIS/VIIRS

  12. Functions Neededfor Ocean Color TCDRs • Pre-launch characterization • On-orbit calibration • Independent in-situ cal/val capability • Continued algorithm development/refinement • Continued reprocessing capability • Archival • Establishment of a NASA-like, competitively selected, NOAA-funded science team

  13. Functional Responsibilities for Ocean Color TCDRs from VIIRS