Rapid-Fire Review of Yesterday!!! If your victim answers correctly, they are off the hook & can’t be called on again! • Rapid-fire means RAPID!! • Come up & draw a question • You’re the teacher! Call on someone (be FAIR!) • If they answer correctly/ completely (no cavemen) they get $$ & get to ask the next question • If they answer incorrectly or not completely, you pick someone else!
August 3rd- Germanydeclared war on Russia’sally: France • Next day – Germanyslices through neutral Belgiumon the march to France, Britaindeclares war on Germany • Long before, Britainhad formed an alliance with Belgium 1 2 3 To recap… KNOW THE MAP!
Pickelhaube!! Trench Warfare Means pickaxe + bonnet Kaiser: German emperor
Europeans on both sides of the conflict thought the war would be very short • 1914-1918 instead—“The Great War” or WW1
Back Pocket Info… How can YOU remember Central & Allied? • Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria & Ottoman (Turkish) Empire • Allied Powers: France, Britain, Russia • Eventually, 21 other nations would join the Allies Ottoman Empire (Turkey) B GABO FBR
November 14 – stalemate: deadlock in which neither side is strong enough to defeat the other takes place when Germany advances an Allied counterattack The two sides fought 3 years & created mazes of trenches protected by barbed wire
Soldiers spent day after day shelling enemy trenches • Trenches: shallow ditches or elaborate tunnels that served as headquarters & first-aid stations • Between the front-line trenches of each side = “no man’s land” of barbed wire
Then groups charged (under orders from their officer) “over the top” of trenches OVER THE TOP, MENNNNNN!!!!!
Soldiers with rifles would race across no man’s land to attack the enemy
Constant struggle lasted back & forth over a few hundred yards of territory
New weapon was gas: chlorine & mustard gasses Clouds floated into & flooded trenches, choking & blinding soldiers http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DTY7v1Q_vnc
Most offensives: trench battles were long & deadly • Battle of Verdun: lasted 10 months in 1916. Germans lost 400,000 men trying to overrun French lines & France lost even more • In the East, German & Austria-Hungarian armies faced off against Russia & Serbia
If there’s time….. • WW1 footage of wind-chemical warfare & how it’d be used most efficiently http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=22w1UVGv71M • Discover Channel: Surviving the Cut, “U.S. Marine Recon” – Marines in training need to be able to pass certain tests… such as hiking with 200lb dummies & kit-bags uphill through tear gas! This simulates a successful ambush… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EnwoImblCI0
August 3rd- Germanydeclared war on Russia’sally: France • Next day – Germanyslices through neutral Belgiumon the march to France, Britaindeclares war on Germany • Long before, Britainhad formed an alliance with Belgium 1 2 3
Trench Battle Time!!!!! • Get a piece of scratch paper • Don’t have one?... Ask your neighbor • Write EITHERthe number #1, #2 or #3 on your paper • Keep it secret…keep it safe
When your general (me) yells “over the top”…launch your offensive & hold your trench! No faces!!!! Be careful not to cross into no man’s land!… When I sound the fallback alertpick up the “shell” that landed closest to you… only pick up 1! Keep it crumpled until everyone is seated…
FOR TOMORROW (do it now): Answer ONLY the question on the worksheet corresponding with the exact # “shell” that landed nearest to you that you picked up