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English 110C.01. Day #3. Five Analytical Moves. The five analytical moves is a tool that aids in analysis. Analysis – examining a complex whole by breaking it down into its component parts. Why The Method works:
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English 110C.01 Day #3
Five Analytical Moves • The five analytical moves is a tool that aids in analysis. • Analysis – examining a complex whole by breaking it down into its component parts. • Why The Method works: • It enables you to look for meaningful patterns that will help you determine what things are significant. • This technique also incorporates making observations and close reading.
Five Analytical Moves (cont.) • Move #1: Suspend Judgment • Suspending judgment is a precursor to analytical thinking. • Rather than say “this essay was boring,” ask: what did I find most interesting about the essay? • Avoid responding to the readings in like/dislike and agree/disagree evaluative modes. • Ask: why did I have this particular reaction?
Five Analytical Moves (cont.) • Move #2: Define Significant Parts and How They’re Related • Divide the subject into its main parts. • Consider how the main parts are related. • How they are related to each other. • How they are related to the subject as a whole. • Remember: all analytical writing pays attention to detail. • Consider: how do the main parts contribute to the meaning of the subject as a whole?
Five Analytical Moves (cont.) • Move #3: Look for Patterns of Repetition and Contrast (The Method) • The Method is a procedure that helps you know which details are significant. • It is useful to think of The Method as preliminary outlining that prepares you to do analysis.
Five Analytical Moves (cont.) • Step #1: Locate exact repetitions • List identical words or details and the number of times they appear in the text. • Step #2: Locate repetitions of same/similar kinds of details/words (strands) • Explain how the details/words are connected. • Ask yourself: what do these details and/or words have in common?
Five Analytical Moves (cont.) • Step #3: Locate binary oppositions • Q. What is a binary opposition? • A. details and/or words that are part of an oppositional pair • Examples: • right/wrong • empower/disempower • rationality/irrationality • Select the most important binaries
Five Analytical Moves (cont.) • Step #4: List and Rank • Two most important exact repetitions • Two most important strands • Two most important binaries • Step #5: Final Selection • Choose one exact repetition, one strand, or one binary that you take to the most important. • Explain why you chose what you did.
Five Analytical Moves (cont.) Why The Method works: Performing The Method allows you to spend more time noticing significant details rather than trying to make meaning of what may be a difficult subject.
Five Analytical Moves (cont.) • Move #4: Make the Implicit Explicit • Making the implicit (what is suggested but not directly stated) explicit (directly stated) is an interpretive move, not simply an observation. • This move can be a difficult one if you are resistant to analysis and think in terms of “hidden meaning” or “reading between the lines.” • Meaning is not “hidden;” rather, making meaning requires analytical thought.
Five Analytical Moves (cont.) • Move #5: Keep Reformulating Questions and Explanations • The analytical process requires that you ask questions of your subject matter: • Which details seem significant? Why? • What does the detail mean? • How do the details fit together? • What details don’t seem to fit? • How might the details that don’t fit be connected to a different pattern?
The Method: Looking for Anomalies • Q. What is an anomaly? • A. An anomaly is something that seems out of place or does not fit a pattern. • Example: • Why it works: • Looking for anomalies can get you to consider other possible interpretations. • It moves you away from limited ways of thinking.
“10 on 1” • Q. What is the “1”? • A. The “1” is a representative example or pattern taken from The Method procedure. • Q. What are the “10”? • A. The “10” are: • Observations about the “1” • Interpretations about the “1” • Ask yourself: what patterns, repetitions, etc. do I notice?
“10” on “1” (cont.) • Why “10 on 1” works: • “10 on 1” allows you to be more specific. • “10 on 1” helps you discover the complexity of the subject you are dealing with. • “10 on 1” deters you from making generalizations and only following your first claim about the subject