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Local Laws PowerPoint Presentation

Local Laws

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Local Laws

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  1. Local Laws

  2. Letter of Instruction 1005 • 1979 • Established the National Institutes of Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology • Now known as the National Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (BIOTECH) • “National research and development (R&D) organization specializing in agricultural, environmental, food and feeds, and health biotechnology“

  3. Executive Order 430 • 1990 • Creation of the National Committee on Biosafety of the Philippines (NCBP) • Under the DOST • “Tasked to formulate, review and amend national policy on biosafety and formulate guidelines on the conduct of activities on genetic engineering” • Composed of representatives of DA, DENR, DOH and DOST; 4 scientists in biology, environmental science, social science and physical science; and 2 respected members of the community

  4. Republic Act 8435 • 1997 • Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act (AFMA) • Defines “measures to modernize the country’s agriculture and fisheries sectors to make them competitive in the market” • “…to modernize the Philippine agriculture to improve the living conditions of the majority of the farmers and increase their productivity amidst the growing needs of the markets (local and abroad)” • Food security • More competitive products (market-driven approach)

  5. The Estrada Administration • Issuance of a “National Policy to use Biotechnology as a strategy to improve agricultural production, modernize Philippine agriculture and enhance rural development” (2000)

  6. The Arroyo Administration • Philippine National Policy Statement on Modern Biotechnology (2001) • Government policy “on promoting the safe and responsible use of modern biotechnology and its products as one of the means to achieve food security, equal access to health services, a sustainable and safe environment, and industry development”

  7. The Arroyo Administration • DA Administrative Order No. 8 (Series of 2002) • Regulation of plant and plant products produced through modern biotechnology • BT Corn

  8. The Aquino Administration (c. 2010) • House Bill 1977 • Intensifying stem cell research • House Bill 5037 • Providing for the establishment of the Philippine National Stem Cell Research and Storage Center • House Bill 5287 • Establishing Stem Cell Center of the Philippines and strengthening research on stem cell technology

  9. Executive Order 247 • Prescribing guidelines and establishing a regulatory framework for the prospecting of biological and genetic resources, their byproducts and derivatives, for scientific and commercial purposes, and for other purposes • Ordered by Pres. Fidel V. Ramos

  10. Some Features of EO 247 SECTION 1: “It shall be the policy of the State to regulate the prospecting of biological and genetic resources so that these resources are protected and conserved, are developed and put to the sustainable use and benefit of the national interest. Further, it shall promote the development of local capability in science and technology to achieve technological self – reliance in selected areas.”

  11. Some Features of EO 247 • SECTION 2: Consent of indigenous cultural communities • SECTION 3: When research agreement is necessary • SECTION 4: Application for academic research agreement and commercial research agreement

  12. Some Features of EO 247 • Inter-Agency Committee on Biological and Genetic Resources