Post War Acts - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Post War Acts

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  1. Post War Acts

  2. The Royal Proclamation Act of 1763 • Worried about British control of their land, soon after the French and Indian War ended, the Ottawa, Delaware, Shawnee, and Seneca Tribes joined forces and began to fight the Colonists • The French and Indian War, had almost bankrupted the British and they had no money to support yet another War • To avoid battle, they came up with an agreement • The Proclamation Act limited the area that the Colonists were allowed to settle in • It decreed that no one would be allowed to settle West of the Appalachian Mountains • That land would be set aside for the Native Americans to live on

  3. The Sugar Act • The real name of the Sugar Act is ‘The American Revenue Act’ • The Act raised the taxes on sugar, molasses, silk, wine, coffee, pimento, Indigo, calico, and rum • The Act claimed that all merchant accused to smuggling • were guilty until proven innocent • It also allowed British officials to seize merchant goods without due process or a proper court case • The Act was implemented for two main reasons • 1. To help pay off the War • 2. Because smuggling was a big problem in the colonies and the Crown was already not receiving what it should

  4. The Currency Act • The Currency Act of 1764 banned the use of Paper Money within the colonies • British Trade was based on the pound sterling, which could no be received in the colonies except from trading with Britain • With true money so scarce, the colonies started printing their own money that acted as credit • Each colony’s money was worth a different amount • It was not excepted in trade, when dealing with other countries, or to pay debts • This Act was implemented in an attempt to slow the Inflation caused by the overprinted of money • It was also implemented because Britain didn’t like its instability

  5. The Stamp Act • The Sugar Act alone was not brining in enough money to pay for what Britain saw the colonists owing them for the War • The Stamp Act required stamps to be put on newspapers, pamphlets, posters, wills, mortgages, deeds, licenses, diploma’s, and playing cards (basically everything printed on paper) • A tax had to be paid on these stamps

  6. The Quartering Act • The Quartering Act decreed that if the colonies did not build barracks for British troops to live in, the troops would stay in taverns, inns, barns, ext. • The colonist’s would then have to pay to house these troops in the place of their choosing

  7. The Declaratory Act • This Act reinforced the idea that Parliament had the right and power to make laws for the colonies

  8. The Townshend Acts • The Townshend Acts are a series of tax acts and regulations implemented by Charles Townshend, whose name they were given • The biggest of these acts was the Revenue Act which placed a new tax on glass, lead, paper, paint, and tea • This act also created the Writs of Assistance, which search warrants that allowed British officials to look into any building they believed were involved with smuggling

  9. The Boston Massacre • Only five people die due to the Boston Massacre • Despite, furry rises in the colonies • The same day as the Massacre, Britain lifted the Townshend Taxes on everything but tea in an attempt to appease the colonists who had been unhappy with the taxes

  10. The Tea Act • The Tea Act was not a tax • In British East India Trading Company was having trouble selling all of its tea, so to help the company, which brought in a lot of money for Britain, the government created this act • The Tea Act made it so the East India Trading Company did not have to pay most if its taxes in regards to shipping • Without this, they Company was able to sell its tea at a very discounted rate • The only extra price that remained on it was the Townshend Taxes • The Act also allowed the Company to sell tea to the stores directly, cutting out the merchant who usually worked as the middle man • Although this help cut back prices, some saw it as the British trying to run merchants out of business • Others thought of it as a way of trying to appease them for all the taxes • It was this act that would result in the Boston Tea Party

  11. The Coercive Acts /The Intolerable Acts • The Boston Port Act • Was a direct reaction to the Tea Party • It dictated that the Boston port was closed to all shipping until the East India Company and the King were repaid for the lost tea and taxes. • Massachusetts Government Act: • Tightened British control over the colony's • Said that colonial councils and offices would no longer be democratically elected but that its members would be appointed by the king. • Administration of Justice Act • Stated that royal officials could request to move to another colony or Great Britain if charged with criminal acts in fulfilling their duties • Quartering Act of 1774 • A revision of the previous Quartering Act, which had been largely ignored

  12. Poster You are to create a poster or flyer protesting one of the Acts we have just learnt about. On this poster you must -Name the Act - Give examples of why it is bad/why it would hurt people/how it is unfair - Draw a picture relating to the Act This poster should be neatly done and colored. At the end of class, you will share your poster, explain it, and explain why you choose this particular Act

  13. How fair or unfair do you see these acts as being? Are they any that you see as fair?