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The Eight Parts of Speech

The Eight Parts of Speech

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The Eight Parts of Speech

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  1. The Eight Parts of Speech

  2. The 8 Parts of Speech • Noun • Pronoun • Adjective • Verb • Adverb • Conjunction • Preposition • Interjection You can click on each part of speech for a definition and example. However, this is not required as you will come to each page as you progress through the PowerPoint.

  3. Nouns • People, places, or things • Can be subjects or objects in a sentence Subject Object I me you you He/she/they/who him/her/them/whom VERB

  4. Practice: Identify the nouns (subjects & objects) • One of the cheerleaders on the team is going to the National Cheerleader Competition. • Although it may never happen, running in the Austin marathon with Melissa who has been my friend since childhood is a dream come true. • My cat, Bunty, is a diva; she growls whenever you try to pick her up.

  5. Practice: Identify the nouns (subjects & objects) • One of the cheerleaders on the team is going to the National Cheerleader Competition. • Although it may never happen, running in the Austin marathon with Melissawho has been my best friend since childhood is a dream come true. • Mycat, Bunty, is a diva; she growls whenever you try to pick her up.

  6. Pronouns • A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. Personal pronouns are subjects/objects: I/me; he/him; she/her; they/them; who/whom • Possessive pronouns NEVER take apostrophes: its; hers; theirs; his Go back to Eight Parts of Speech Move on

  7. Practice: Identity the pronouns and note whether they are subjects or objects or possessives • Susan and Nancy went to Sears where she bought her sweater; she took the sweater from Nancy because Susan is older than she. • Whoever wants to go swimming should put his or her swimsuit in my car, not hers. • You can’t tell me with whom I can be seen; it’s not your life!

  8. Practice: Identity the pronouns and note whether they are subjects or objects or possessives • Susan and Nancy went to Sears where she bought her sweater; she took the sweater from Nancy because Susan is older than she. • Whoever wants to go swimming should put his or her swimsuit in my car, not hers. • You can’t tell me with whomI can be seen; it’s not your life!

  9. Adjectives • An adjective is a word that describes a noun or pronoun. It tells what kind, how many, or which one. • A compound adjective is made by hyphenating words to form a new one. Go back to Eight Parts of Speech Move on http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mYzGLzFuwxI Grammar Rocks Adjective Video

  10. Practice: correct the following • 1. We just adopted a three to four year old dog from the shelter. • 2. The poorly-run business went under, which didn’t surprise anyone involved. • 3. The twenty five foot drop makes this a particularly dangerous area.

  11. Practice: correct the following • 1. We just adopted a three- to four-year-old dog from the shelter. • 2. The poorly run business went under, which didn’t surprise anyone involved. • 3. The twenty-five-foot drop makes this a particularly dangerous area.

  12. Verb • A verb is the action of the sentence. It shows what someone or something is doing. • Action verbs take direct objects. • He hit him. • State-of-being verbs take subject complements. • This is she. Go back to Eight Parts of Speech Move on http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h4QEzJe6_ok&feature=related Grammar Rocks Verb Video

  13. Practice: pick out the correct form of the verb • For murdering his wife, the man was hung/hanged at noon. • I’m tired, so I’m going to lie/lay down for a nap. • She lay/laid the pencil down. • Yesterday, Phillis lay/laid down.

  14. Practice: pick out the correct form of the verb • For murdering his wife, the man was hanged at noon. • I’m tired, so I’m going to lie down for a nap. • She laid the pencil down. • Yesterday, Phillis lay down.

  15. Correct the following: • He felt badly. • The girl hit who? • This is him who ate my pie. • Don’t be angry with whomever hit your car because it was clearly an accident.

  16. Correct the following: • He felt bad. • The girl hit whom? • This is he who ate my pie. • Don’t be angry with whoever hit your car because it was clearly an accident.

  17. Adverb • An adverb describes how the action is performed. They tell how much, how often, when and where something is done. • Adverbs modify adjectives. So, “poorly worn” NOT “poorly-worn.” Go back to Eight Parts of Speech Move on http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W7wnT8iiR8w&feature=related Grammar Rock Adverb Video

  18. Practice • He swam good. • The tires were badly-worn.

  19. Practice • He swam well. • The tires were badly worn.

  20. Conjunctions • A conjunction is a word that joins words or word groups together. • Coordinating conjunctions are FANBOYS words: for, and, not, but, or, yet, so. • Adverbial conjunctions include words such as therefore, however, moreover. Go back to Eight Parts of Speech Move on http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkO87mkgcNo&feature=related Grammar Rocks Conjunction Video

  21. Practice: identify the coordinating conjunctions and adverbial conjunctions • My mother is going to the store, but she is not buying ice cream. • My mother is going to the store; however, she is not buying ice cream. • However angry I become, I will not yell at my children, nor will I yell at my husband.

  22. Practice: identify the coordinating conjunctions and adverbial conjunctions • My mother is going to the store, but she is not buying ice cream. • My mother is going to the store; however, she is not buying ice cream. • However angry I become, I will not yell at my children, nor will I yell at my husband.

  23. Conjunctions (cont’d) • Coordinating conjunctions make a sentence DEPENDENT. • The cat ate the bird, but the bird ate the bug. • Adverbial conjunctions are neutral: a sentence remains a sentence with or without an adverbial conjunction. • The cat ate the bird; however, the bird at the bug.

  24. Practice • I want to go to the beach, however, it’s too cold outside. • I want to go to the beach; but it’s too cold outside. • The students are boycotting the cafeteria; so the university is making changes. • The students are boycotting, therefore the university is making changes.

  25. Practice • I want to go to the beach; however, it’s too cold outside. • I want to go to the beach, but it’s too cold outside. • The students are boycotting the cafeteria, so the university is making changes. • The students are boycotting; therefore, the university is making changes.

  26. Preposition • A preposition is a word that shows position or, direction. Some examples are of, to, in, out, under, over, after, out, into, up, down, for, and between (anywhere a squirrel can go). • Prepositions require objects. • To Whom It May Concern • Ask not for whom the bell tolls. Go back to Eight Parts of Speech Move on http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L4jIC5HLBdM Grammar Rocks Preposition Video