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Banda Aceh, 18 May 2010 PowerPoint Presentation
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Banda Aceh, 18 May 2010

Banda Aceh, 18 May 2010

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Banda Aceh, 18 May 2010

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  1. From REDD Plus to Low Carbon Growth Strategy: An opportunity for Provincial Actions Doddy S. Sukadri Indonesia National Council on Climate Change (The DNPI) Banda Aceh, 18 May 2010

  2. Indonesia National Council on Climate Change -NCCC (the DNPI) President Regulation # 46 /2008 ORGANIZATION MANDATES Chairman : President of Indonesia Vice Chairmen: Coord. Minister of Economics ; Coord. Minister of Social Welfare Members: Ministers of : Forestry Environment, Finance, Home Affairs, Foreign Affairs, Energy and Mining,, Agriculture, Industry, Public Works, Fishery and Marine, Trade, Transportation, Health , and Heads of: Development Planning/ BAPPENAS, Research and Technology Assessment, Meteorology and Geophysics Agency, State Secretary, Cabinet Secretary. • National policies, strategy, • program and activities on climate change • Sector coordination • for CC-related activities • Carbon trade mechanisms • and procedures • 4. Monitoring and evaluation • 5. International focal point

  3. Organizational structure Divisions Chairmen and members of the Task Force comprise of relevant stakeholders, including government officials, NGOs, private sector, academician, professionals

  4. Divisions within the Secretariat of the Council

  5. n The Copenhagen Accord is short, but opens the door for real change … to the Copenhagen Accord From the Kyoto Protocol … • Covers mitigation in all countries, i.e., both developed and developing world • Emission reductions focused on developed world (Annex 1 countries) • Covers all sectors, specifically recognizing importance of forestry and land-use • No coverage of forestry and agriculture • Provides $30b in fast-start funding (2010–12); acknowledges need for $100b financing by 2020 • International funding limited to CDM/JI mechanism • UNFCCC 80% of the game • UNFCCC 20% of the game • Economic transformation programmes • Environmental treaty

  6. Indonesia’s Emision Profile (2020 BAU Scenario) BAPPENAS 2,95 2,12 1,72 Emission GtonCO2e)

  7. While 71% of deforestation is taking place within designated forest area, the rest is happening outside of the forest lands… Area of Deforestation ( Thousand ha ) Conservation -43 Conversion -197 Land use unknown -1 Undesignated forest area -309 Production -515 Protection -19 Total forest loss -1.084 -774 -310

  8. W Peatland Is suspected to contribute > 50% of global emission from the decomposition 100% Area 90 5 5 Carbon emission 18 24 58 Other tropical countries1 Indonesia RoW2 1 Malaysia, Papua New Guinea; Democratic Republik of Congo, Brazil 2 Canada, Russia, Scandinavia, USA SOURCE: Hooijer et al 2006; Wetlands International; Indonesia GHG Abatement Cost Curve

  9. A holistic approach to low carbon growth is needed in which economic growth and CO2 mitigation go hand in hand Framework for Low-Carbon Growth Plan Key elements • CO2 Mitigation • Estimate the size of current and future emissions (including REDD+) • Assess the technical abatement potential and feasibility, and implementation cost of individual mitigation initiatives • Economic development • Analyse existing competitive strengths and weaknesses • Explore potential new sources of growth (requiring less carbon emissions) • Institutional enablers • Develop strategy for critical enablers (e.g., monitoring and evaluation,spatial planning, community engagement) • Estimate the total costs of realizing these opportunities REDD+ is one component of CO2 mitigation CO2 Mitigation Low carbon growth plan Economic development Institutional enablers

  10. Low Carbon Growth Strategy: Example of Central Kalimantan Establishing community-based fire brigades Campaign to stop forest and peat fires Zero-burning program (with support for non-fire methods of land clearing) Tree planting on abandoned lands Revitalization of community-based rubber plantations

  11. 3 BAU emissions Abatement Emission after abatement Central Kalimantan’s rich forests have the potential to turn the province into a net carbon sink Projected abatement potential Million tons, CO2e REDD+ addresses 1/3 of the total abatement potential REDD+ addresses ~30-40% of the total abatement potential 14 9 -18 2030 BAU Prevent fires Land usage Peatland rehab. Sustain. forest mgt Re-forestation Other 2030 low emissions 1 2 3 4 5 Percent of total reduction potential 40 27 15 12 4 2

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