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United States Presidents

United States Presidents

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United States Presidents

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  1. United States Presidents Abraham Lincoln to Barack Obama Reconstruction to Present Day

  2. Abraham Lincoln (Civil War & Reconstruction) Ulysses S. Grant Rutherford B. Hayes James A. Garfield Chester A. Arthur Grover Cleveland Benjamin Harrison William McKinley THE GILDED AGE: 1868-1900Western Development, Industrialism, Urbanization, & Immigration

  3. Assassinated in 186513th AmendmentLegacy: Saved the UnionPersonality: Funny, good listener, plain-spoken, obsessed with detail, & micromanager • Election of 1860 & 1865 (52 years old) • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin & Andrew Johnson • Occupation Before Office: Lawyer • Civil War; Reconstruction- 10% Plan, Freedmen’s Bureau, Pacific Railway Act of 1862

  4. (56 years old)Legacy: Father of SegregationPersonality: cold, blunt, honest, stubborn, lacked flexibility • Finished Lincoln’s 2nd Term in Office • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: None • Occupation: Tailor • Reconstruction, Impeached by Congress because of Radical Republicans

  5. Scandals: Whiskey Ring, & Credit MobilierBattle of Little BighornLegacy: Father of the Civil Rights MovementPersonality: loved animals, superstitious, artistic, hands-off micromanager, Motto: “Let us have peace” • Election of 1868 & 1872 (46 years old) • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President(s): Schuyler Colfax & Henry Wilson • Occupation: Farmer & Soldier • Reconstruction & Gilded Age • Panic of 1873 ($$$)

  6. (54 years old) • Legacy: ended Reconstruction with Compromise of 1877& Supports Black Suffrage • Personality: outdoorsman, “people person”, & physically fit • Election of 1876 • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: William A. Wheeler • Occupation: Lawyer • Gilded Age • Great Railroad Strike of 1877

  7. (49 years old)Legacy: Martyr of the “Spoils System”Personality: gifted speaker & debater, inconsistent, touchy-feely , despised patronage • Election of 1880 • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: Chester A. Arthur • Occupation: Laborer & Professor • Gilded Age • Assassinated because of attempt of Civil Service Reforms

  8. (51 years old) • Legacy: Restored dignity to presidency • Personality: passive manager, honest, man of charm, entertainer, emotional, romantic, & procrastinator • Completed Garfield’s Term of Office • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: None • Occupation: Teacher & Lawyer • Gilded Age • Pendleton Act • Chinese Exclusion Act

  9. 1984 Pullman Strike Legacy: 1st president to use veto freely & only President to serve 2 non-consecutive terms *Only Democrat between 1860 & 1892 Personality: Blunt, honest, efficient, quick temper, narrow-minded, good “money man”, & conservative • Election of 1884 • Political Party: Democrat (47 & 55) • Vice-President: Thomas A. Hendricks & Adlai E. Stevenson • Occupation: Lawyer • Gilded Age • Interstate Commerce Commission • Haymarket Square Riot

  10. (55 years old) • Grandson of William Henry Harrison • Legacy: “Billion Dollar Congress” • Personality: detail oriented, quit work at noon to be with children, “great public speaker”& 1st to use Christmas tree • Election of 1888 • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: Levi P. Morton • Occupation: Lawyer • Gilded Age • Battle of Wounded Knee • Sherman Anti-Trust Act • Signed Higher Tariff

  11. William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt William H. Taft Woodrow Wilson IMPERIALISM, PROGRESSIVISM, WORLD WAR I: 1898-1919

  12. Boxer Rebellion 1900 • Annexed Hawaii in 1898 • Spanish-American War • Assassinated in 1901 • Legacy: Modern politics • Personality: moral, religious, formal manners, friendly • Elections of 1896 & 1900 (54 years old) • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: Garret Hobart & Theodore Roosevelt • Occupation: Teacher & Lawyer • Gilded Age • Supported Gold Standard

  13. (42 years old) • Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine • “Big Stick Diplomacy” • Panama Canal • “Trustbuster” • Conservationists • Square Deal • Coal Strike of 1902 • Completed McKinley’s Term in Office • Election of 1904 • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: Charles W. Fairbanks • Occupation: Historian, Soldier, & Rancher • Legacy: The 1st Modern President

  14. Personality: Youthful, energetic, craved the spotlight, proud, animated speaker, thirst for knowledge, cherished role of President, strong sense of right & wrong, fearless

  15. (51 years old)Legacy: Progressive in the regulation of monopoliesPersonality: fun, loved baseball & golf, good natured, joked about his size, & did not like being President • Election of 1908 • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: James S. Sherman • Occupation: Lawyer • Largest President • Dollar Diplomacy • High Tariff & Slight conservation

  16. 18th-Prohibition • Federal Reserve Act • 19th-Woman’s Suffrage • Legacy: Offered voters “New Freedom” by ending monopolies • Personality: sportsman, joke teller, moody, gifted speaker, poor health • Election of 1912 & • Political Party: Democrat (56 yrs.) • Vice-President: Thomas R. Marshall • Occupation: College Professor • World War I • Fourteen Points: League of Nations • Missionary Diplomacy

  17. MODERN 1920S, GREAT DEPRESSION, & WORLD WAR II: 1920-1945 • Warren G. Harding • Calvin Coolidge • Herbert Hoover • Franklin D. Roosevelt Isolationism, Roaring 20s, Stock Market Crash, Great Depression, & World War II

  18. Called for Washington Naval Conference in 1921 & worked for peace • Legacy: did little to meet the economic & social needs of post-war America • Personality: easy-going, poker player, nervous breakdowns, unfaithful in marriage, relaxed, & poor leadership skills • Election of 1920: (55 years old) • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: Calvin Coolidge • Occupation: Newspaper Editor & Publisher • “Ohio Gang”: Teapot Dome Scandal

  19. (51 years old) • “Silent Cal” • Promised a “Return to Normalcy” • Veteran’s Bonus • Kellogg-Briand Pact • Legacy: Restored dignity to the office after Harding’s scandals • Personality: shy, reserved, man of few words, not innovative • Completed Harding’s Term of Office • Election of 1924 • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: Charles G. Dawes • Occupation: Lawyer • Former Governor of Massachusetts who settled Boston Police Strike

  20. (54 years old) • “Rugged individualism” • Shantytowns = “Hoovervilles” • 18th Amendment: Prohibition Begins in 1929 • Black Thursday-Stock Market Crash • Election of 1928 • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: Charles Curtis • Occupation: Engineer • Food Administrator during WWI • Blamed for the Great Depression

  21. Smoot-Hawley Tariff • Legacy: Identified one of darkest periods in history. • Personality: self-reliant, self-assured, didn’t like small talk, avid fisherman, extremely efficient, hard-working, dull speaker, & detail oriented

  22. New Deal: Relief, Recovery, & Reform • “Court-packing Scheme” • Social Security Act • “Fireside Chats” • Only President elected to 4 Terms in Office • 1st 100 Days & 2nd 100 Days • TVA, CCC,WPA, PWA, SEC, • Elections of 1932, 1936, 1940 & 1944 (51 years) • Political Party: Democrat • Vice-Presidents: John N. Garner, Henry A. Wallace, & Harry S. Truman • Occupation: Lawyer • “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself” • Great Depression & World War II (DDAY)

  23. Legacy: Fearlessly guided U.S. through war & depression, inspiring hope & confidence. • Personality: sensitive, good listener, sportsman, loved movies, card player, charming, worked well under pressure, fearless, strong-willed, suffered from polio

  24. POSTWAR ERA & COLD WAR: 1945-1974 • Harry S. Truman • Dwight Eisenhower • John F. Kennedy • Lyndon B. Johnson • Richard Nixon

  25. Desegregated the military after WWII • Cold War: Berlin Airlift, Korean War • “The Buck Stops Here” • “Fair Deal” • McCarthyism & Red Scare • Completed FDR’s Term of Office (60 yrs old) • Election of 1948 • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: Alben W. Barkley • Occupation: Clerk & Farmer • World War II: bombs on Hiroshima & Nagasaki

  26. Legacy: Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, established NATO- saved “western civilization” • Personality: even-tempered, reader, pianist, loved to walk outdoors, confident, acted boldly & quickly

  27. “Little Rock Nine” Crisis • Brown v. Board of Education • Legacy: Kept the peace & provided prosperity- a time of great national pride. • Personality: superstitious, great cook, poker player, honorable, poor public speaker, never badmouthed others • Elections of 1952 & 1956 (62 yrs) • Political Party: Republican • Vice-President: Richard M. Nixon • Occupation: Soldier • Allied Supreme Commander of WWII- DDAY

  28. New Frontier: Space program, & Peace Corps • Legacy: His tragic assassination in Dallas, TX 1963 • Personality: graceful, ladies man, very athletic, witty, 1st Catholic • Election of 1960 (43) • Political Party: Democrat • Vice-President: Lyndon B. Johnson • Occupation: Author, Reporter • Youngest President • Cuban Missile Crisis & Bay of Pigs Invasion • Civil Rights Movement

  29. “Great Society” • Pushed for passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 & 1968 • Declared a war on poverty • Voting Rights Act • Race riots • Medicare & Medicaid • Did not seek a 2nd term • Completed JFK’s 2nd Term of Office (55) • Election of 1964 • Political Party: Democrat • Vice-President: Hubert H. Humphrey • Occupation: Teacher • Escalated the Vietnam War after Tonkin Gulf Resolution

  30. Personality: complex, puzzling person, loved to play host, true Texan, competitive, hardworking, ambitious, & intimidating