Means God has favored Undertaking. 13 stars = 13 original colonies, coming together as one. Unsupported shield = this country can now stand on its own. Roman Numeral MDCCLXXVI (1776) Arrows to symbolize war. Holding an olive branch the symbol for peace. The Great Seal of the United States. Symbolizes the nations principles. The bald eagle is the symbol of the United States because he is not afraid of a storm; he is strong and he is smart enough to soar above it and he wears no material crown.. It was requested that Ben Franklin and a group of men come up with a seal. It took them four years to complete this task and another two to get it approved. The other half of the Great Seal. The unfinished pyramid signifies strength and endurance. The face is lighted, the western side is dark. The country was just beginning and had not yet explored the west. Pyramid is uncapped, signifying we are not even close to being finished. The all seeing eye, an ancient symbol for divinity.
Unlucky ??? They say the number 13 is an unlucky number. This is almost a worldwide belief. You will usually never see a room numbered 13, or any hotels or motels with a 13th floor. Think about this: 13 original colonies 13 signers of the D.O.I. 13 stripes on our flag 13 steps on the pyramid 13 letters in ‘AnnuitCoeptis’ 13 letters in ‘E PluribusUnum’ 13 stars above the eagle 13 bars on the shield 13 leaves on the olive branch 13 fruits 13 arrows And finally, if you notice the arrangement of the 13 stars in the right hand circle you will see they are arranged as a Star of David. This was ordered by George Washington who, when he asked Hayim Solomon, a wealthy Philadelphia Jew, what he would like as a personal reward for his services to the Continental Army, Solomon said he wanted nothing for himself, but he would like something for his people. The star of David was the result. Few people know that it was Solomon who saved the Army through his financial contributions but died a pauper.
Portrait of George Washington. Americans honor Washington as the first president of the United States, but few realize that he defined US foreign policy in the early years of the nations history. He established policies that would guide the US in its future dealings with other nations. The US could be actively involved in world affairs, risking war. Or, it could avoid involvement in the other nations’ conflicts in home of staying at peace. Which would you have chosen for the new country?
Vocabulary you must know by the end of the unit. • Foreign Policy • Neutrality • Isolationism • Dilemma • The Jay Treaty • The XYZ Affair • Piracy • Ransom • Barbary Coast • Embargo • Blockade • Cease • War of 1812 • Battle of New Orleans • Liberated • Monroe Doctrine
Essential Question Do all tragic events have the potential to lead to positive change?
Chapter 12 Book Preview Using pages 225-237, simply scan the pages for the answers to these questions. Write the answers in complete sentences. You are not required to read these pages right now. • What 5 presidents are discussed in this chapter? • What were XYZ? • Which president had to deal with pirates? • What war is discussed in this chapter? • What is the Monroe Doctrine? • Find three pictures in the chapter and write a caption on what you THINK the picture represents. • Find two pictures that represent something you want to know more about (tell me what pictures and what you would like to know, or why it sparked your interest). • Define as many of the vocabulary words as you can.