SMITH SYSTEM of Defensive Driving Techniques
Reducing: • Collisions • Insurance costs • Maintenance costs • Fuel usage • Stress
Eye design: Walking at 3 – 4 miles per hour So what happens at: 30 mph? 45 mph? 55 mph? 70 mph?
The brain’s capability: • The brain has the capacity for 100 trillion instructions per second. 10 to the 23rd power. • Therefore, driving should not be a problem, right?
Benefits • Time • Space • Visibility
Aim High in Steering • 15 seconds up the road • 1-1/2 blocks or ¼ mile • Aim high, see low • Aim low, cannot see high • Demonstration • How to check
189,432+ 675,019 = TAKE TWO SECONDS TO SOLVE THIS
189,432+ 675,019 = NOW TAKE HAVE FIFTEEN SECONDS TO SOLVE THIS
OTHERWISE • All I will be looking at is brake lights • And that leaves me assuming the person in front of me drives safely and carefully
Get the Big Picture • 360 degree “circle of awareness” • In front of vehicle, the sides of the vehicle and behind the vehicle • Demonstration
Keep Your Eyes Moving • Every 2 seconds • What are the effects of staring? • When do people stop looking around? • Demonstrations
Leave Yourself An Out • Be an anti-social driver • Space cushion driving • Expect the unexpected • Pre-determined way to stay out of harm’s way • Ways to keep space
Make Sure They See You • Lights • Proper timing • Friendly wave • Friendly honk
and “things to avoid.” Only in India
Tips to follow: Dirty wheels / Clean wheels: Parked vehicles that could create an issue for you. Watch for: • Signals • Exhaust • People • Brake lights • Reverse lights
Tips to follow: Stale vs. Fresh Lights: • Stale light is a traffic light you did not see change color. • Question becomes: when will it change next? • It is about a smooth ride.
Tips to follow: Stale vs. Fresh Lights: • Fresh light is a traffic light you saw change color. • Question becomes: how long will if stay this color? • It is about a safe ride.
Leaving space at traffic lights: If you are stopped at a red light – be able to see the crosswalk over the top of your hood. Why you ask? ******************** If you are stopped at a red light – be able to see the tires of the vehicle in front of you, over your hood. Why you ask?
And the answers are? When first in line: • If you get rear-ended • If a bigger vehicle is trying to turn • If there is someone to your right that wants to turn right on red, they have better visibility • Others?
And the answers are? When behind other vehicles: • If you get rear-ended • If the vehicle in front of you stalls • If the vehicle in front of you rolls back or backs up
And the “light’s not green” Until:
What about Tailgating? Root beers Root beer
Details: • Four seconds • More than four seconds • 500 feet • 50 feet • Freeway ramps
Lane of least resistance • Best visibility – remember FD • Least amount of problems – remember DW & Snipers
Brake and check your mirror • But “why” you ask: • No, not to check how you look.
Moving targets vs. stationery ones: • Duck hunting • Legal vs. Easy
Checking mirrors: • Are they adjusted properly? • How often? • How long? • Any order?