The gospel of John
The gospel of John • Open your mind • Expect to be challenged • Accept some mystery • Purpose of this class equivalent with the book
Purpose of Written Gospels Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.
The gospel of John Introduction
Mark Luke John Matthew Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection
Matthew Luke Mark John Synoptic Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection
Synoptic Alike Together Seen Look Seen Alike
Mark Matthew Luke
The Gospel of John 90% Unique
Gospel of John Audience
Synoptics John History and Chronology Teaching &Methods Personal Insight History and Chronology Teaching &Methods Personal Insight
Every gospel account uses the • Author’s experience • Language • Event Selection • Structure • To fulfill the purpose of his writing and the needs of his audience
Last Supper by DaVinci (Milan)
Gospel of John Author External Evidence Internal Evidence
Gospel of John Author Internal Evidence John 19:26 The disciple whom he loved (also John 21 final statements) The writer never refers to “John the Apostle” John the Baptist referred to as John (as if no other by that name is worthy of mention) Same language as I John Palestinian Jewish writer familiar with customs, rites and geography
Gospel of John External Evidence Included in Muratorian Canon. Mentioned by numerous 2-4th century writers Irenaeus (disciple of Polycarp-disciple of John) Stated both its authenticity as well as its authorship and its Ephesus Origns. Alexandria Tertullian No Dissenting voices in Ancient literature All 4th Century Codex include John and call it John
Gospel of John The Unique Gospel • Long Stories and Dialogues (Samaritan Woman, Blind Man) • Fewer Stories and Events • No parables • Numerous Unique Characters and Events • Interesting Timelines (‘Next Day’ statements) • Amazing Miracles (Lazarus)
Gospel of John Purpose John 20:30-31 30 Jesus did many other miraculous signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. 31 But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
John’s Two Purposes That you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God Revelation of Christ That believing you may have life in His Name Experience a Changed Life
Gospel of John Date • Late 1st Century • Traditions • Comparable times of I,II, III John • Uniqueness may imply Completions of other Gospels • Fits Historically
Fragment of John’s Gospel (P52) Dated 125 AD
Gospel of John Character and Organization
John’s Gospel Outline
Beloved Passages "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God...And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth" (1:14)"The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, 'Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!'" (1:23)"For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life" (3:16)."Jesus answered and said to them, 'This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent'“” (6:29)"The thief does not come except to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly" (10:10)
Beloved Passages "And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand" (10:28)"Jesus said to her, 'I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live. And whoever lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?'"(11:25-26)"By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another" (13:35)"Jesus said to him, 'I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me'" (14:6)"Jesus said to him, 'Have I been with you so long, and yet you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; so how can you say, "Show us the Father"?'" (14:9).
Beloved Passages "Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth" (17:17)."So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, 'It is finished!' And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit" (19:30)."Jesus said to him, 'Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed'" (20:29).
Gospel of John Miracles in John Jn. 2:11 Water to Wine in Cana 4:46-54 Healing of the Royal Official’s son 5:1-18 Healing of the paralyzed man 6:1-14 Fed 5000 (all 4 gospels) 6:15-21 Walks on the Water (Mt, Mk and Jn) 9:1-41 Healed the blind man 11:1-57 Raises Lazarus 21:1- Catch fish
Raising of Lazarus by Rembrandt
Gospel of John Absences Genealogy Record of Jesus Birth Childhood of Jesus Temptations Transfiguration Appointment of Disciples Parables Ascension Great Commission
Gospel of John Shared Triumphal Entry Feeding 5000 Numerous events surrounding the death of Christ
Gospel of John “I AM” Statements 6:35 Bread of life 8:12 Light of the World 8:58 “I am” 10:11 Good shepherd 11:25 Resurrection and Life 14:6 The Way, the Truth and Life 15:1 Vine
Gospel of John Evaluation of a Book • Author and Authenticity • Date of Book • Audience for the Book • Purpose of the Book • Organization of the Book • Unique Characteristics of the Book