Quiz 1 Please clear your desk of everything except for a pen or pencil and a piece of paper. No talking or use of cell phones or electronics. Write your name and section number on the piece of paper
1. What kind of psychologist might ask the question, “are there certain types of people who are more or less likely to play games?” A. Social Psychologist B. Comparative Psychologist C. Personality Psychologist D. Clinical Psychologist 2. What kind of psychologist specializes in behavioral consequences resulting from a disease or trauma to the brain? A. Clinical Neuropsychologist B. Health Psychologist C. Organizational Psychologist D. Cognitive Psychologist
4. What does tabula rasa mean? A. Truth from reason B. Mind as machine C. Natural psyche D. Blank slate 3. Which philosopher was first to debunk the idea of animism? A. John Locke B. Rene Descartes C. Pierre Flourens D. Francis Bacon
5. Who authored the doctrine of specific nerve energies? A. Wilhelm Wundt B. James Baldwin C. PhillippePinel D. Johannes Müller 6. Which theory states “reality can only be known through the understanding of the physical world, including the mind”? A. Materialism B. Functionalism C. Determinism D. Doctrine of specific nerve energies
7. Who of the following was a major player in the major trend of Rationalism. A. Skinner B. Descartes C. Pavlov D. Mill 8. Who of the following was a major player in the major trend of Materialism? A. Skinner B. Descartes C. Pavlov D. Mill
9. Donald Hebb argued that behavioral and mental phenomena could be related to brain activity, and was an important proponent of the field of _______. A. Cognitive psychology B. Gestalt psychology C. Humanistic psychology D. Neurobiology 10. What is empiricism? A. The philosophical belief that reality consists of mind and matter B. The philosophical view that all knowledge is obtained by reason C. The philosophical view that all knowledge is obtained through observation and experience D. A philosophical belief that reality can be known through an understanding of the physical world
Research Participation • To register go to http://research.psych.ucr.edu/ • The requirement is that you complete four credit hours of participation by the last day of classes (not the end of finals week). • Studies fill up quickly, make sure to register early and complete your credit hours as soon as you can.
Research Participation You must complete this requirement to receive a grade. If you do not complete this requirement, you will receive an incomplete (I) instead of the grade you would have otherwise earned. All incompletes must be resolved by the end of the next quarter or they automatically become Fs.
Animism:all animals and all moving objects possess spirits controlling their movements and thoughts. umm… no. Who spoke out against animism? • Rene Descartes • “Father of modern philosophy” • Debunked animism • Reflexes • Rationalism: truth through reason • Dualism: reality consists of mind and matter
Other Important Philosophers: John Locke Materialism: reality can be known only through an understanding of the physical world, of which the mind is a part. James Mill • Empiricism: the pursuit of truth through observation and experience.
Biological Roots of Psychology Match the Person… Experimental Ablation Doctrine of specific nerve energies Localization of speech production To His Contribution. • Johannes Mueller? • Pierre Flourens? • Paul Broca?
Education and Therapy Based on determinism: behavior is a result of prior effects
Education and Therapy Match the Person… Ran the first asylum as a theraputic institution The law of Effect – stimuli that occur as a consequence of a response can increase or decrease the likelyhood of that organism’s making that response again Children are sensitive to different kinds of instruction at specific age ranges To His/Her Contribution. • Edward Thorndike? • Maria Montessori? • Phillippe Pinel?
Where do they belong? 2. John Watson 6.Wilhelm Wundt Structuralism 1. Donald Hebb Functionalism Behaviorism 3. Max Wertheimer Cognition 5. Ivan Pavlov Neurobiology 4.Charles Darwin