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Canada Lecture

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Canada Lecture

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  1. Canada Lecture Please take notes & study for your test on Thursday

  2. Return to Our Essential Question…… What are the major physical features of Canada, and where are they located on a map?

  3. CANADA

  4. Canadian Shield The shield is a rich source of metallic minerals such as iron, nickel, copper, zinc, uranium, gold, silver, platinum and molybdenum.

  5. Hudson Bay

  6. The Great Lakes

  7. Rocky Mountains

  8. St. Lawrence River

  9. CANADA

  10. Where do most people choose to live & work in Canada & why? Most people choose to live & work in the southern part of the country. The reasons include: Warmer Climate, More Jobs Available, & Access to transportation corridors like roads, railways, airports, & unfrozen water, & most people want to live near the U.S.A. (Most of Canadians (75% to 90%) live within 100 miles of U.S.A. for ECONOMIC reasons)

  11. Today’s Standard(s) SS6G6 The student will explain the impact of location, climate, distribution of natural resources, and population distribution on Canada. a. Describe how Canada’s location, climate, and natural resources have affected where people live. b. Describe how Canada’s location, climate, and natural resources impact trade.

  12. CANADA Largest Country in the western Hemisphere (Size) 2nd largest in world by area Borders: Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Arctic Ocean, & U.S.A. Large Size/Small Population *Most people live in cities & towns in the south (close to US border) Important Trade Corridors Great Lakes St. Lawrence River Oceans Trade Barriers Rocky Mts. Frozen North

  13. CANADA Southeast & Southcentral Mostly “Humid Continental” ↓ Warm/Hot Summers & Cold Winters, Plenty of Rain, & Good for Agriculture Pacific Coast Temperate Mild Climate, Large Amount of Rain, & Good for Forestry/Timber North Arctic/Subarctic Climate COLD!!!!!!!!!!!!! Very Small Population

  14. Natural Resources

  15. CANADA Canada is Loaded!!!!!!! Canadian Shield/North Minerals, Energy Resources (Oil, Coal, Natural Gas) Coasts Water, Fishing South Central Prairies Good Soil for Agriculture & Livestock Grazing Western Timber, Forests

  16. Return to Our Essential Question…… How do the factors of Location, Climate & Natural Resource Availability affect where people live & trade?

  17. Today’s Standard SS6G7 The student will discuss environmental issues in Canada. a. Explain the major environmental concerns of Canada regarding acid rain and pollution of the Great Lakes, the extraction and use of natural resources on the Canadian Shield, and timber resources.

  18. Intro to Our Essential Question…… What major pollution issues does Canada face & how do people contribute to these problems?

  19. South Eastern Canada –Mostly in Ontario & Quebec Air pollution from factories & cars mixing w/ water vapor in the air Can kill plants & animals. Can also damage buildings Govt. passed laws requiring producers & cars to pollute less. Govt. encourages citizens to walk or carpool.

  20. Acid Rain in Canada

  21. South Eastern Canada –Mostly in Ontario & Quebec Air pollution from factories & cars mixing w/ water vapor in the air Can kill plants & animals. Can also damage buildings Govt. passed laws requiring producers & cars to pollute less. Govt. encourages citizens to walk or carpool. Great Lakes Region Acid Rain, Waste from industry, sewage, & agriculture runoff (pesticides) Algal Blooms. Health problems for animals that use the water, including humans. US/Canadian Govts. are creating laws to limit the amount of pollution caused by producers

  22. Pollution of the Great Lakes

  23. South Eastern Canada –Mostly in Ontario & Quebec Air pollution from factories & cars mixing w/ water vapor in the air Can kill plants & animals. Can also damage buildings Govt. passed laws requiring producers & cars to pollute less. Govt. encourages citizens to walk or carpool. Great Lakes Region Acid Rain, Waste from industry, sewage, & agriculture runoff (pesticides) Algal Blooms. Health problems for animals that use the water, including humans. US/Canadian Govts. are creating laws to limit the amount of pollution caused by producers Canadian Shield (around the Hudson Bay) Mining waste (slag) being dumped into the environment. Air pollution from factories & machinery Acid Rain, Animal & plant life negatively affected New rules for mining companies that limit their ability to pollute

  24. Mining on the Canadian Shield

  25. South Eastern Canada –Mostly in Ontario & Quebec Air pollution from factories & cars mixing w/ water vapor in the air Can kill plants & animals. Can also damage buildings Govt. passed laws requiring producers & cars to pollute less. Govt. encourages citizens to walk or carpool. Great Lakes Region Acid Rain, Waste from industry, sewage, & agriculture runoff (pesticides) Algal Blooms. Health problems for animals that use the water, including humans. US/Canadian Govts. are creating laws to limit the amount of pollution caused by producers Canadian Shield (around the Hudson Bay) Mining waste (slag) being dumped into the environment. Air pollution from factories & machinery Acid Rain, Animal & plant life negatively affected New rules for mining companies that limit their ability to pollute Southern parts of the Canadian Shield & British Columbia Clear –Cutting by Timber Companies Reduced Water Quality, erosion, & loss of wildlife habitat. Companies are reducing the areas of clear-cutting & planting new trees

  26. Deforestation in Canada

  27. Pollution in Canada Water Pollution in the Great Lakes ACID RAIN Clear-Cutting & Deforestation Extraction & Use of Natural Resources on the Canadian Shield

  28. TEST GRADE #2 Environmental Awareness Poster Project Due Thursday (1/13)

  29. Today’s Standard(s) SS6CG1 The student will compare and contrast various forms of government. b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.

  30. Intro to Our Essential Question…… How do citizens participate in different forms of government (autocratic, oligarchic, democratic)?

  31. Return to Our Essential Question…… How is power distributed in different forms of government (unitary, confederation, and federal)? How do citizens participate in different forms of government (autocratic, oligarchic, democratic)?

  32. Today’s StandardS SS6CG3 The student will explain the structure of the national government of Canada. a. Describe the structure of the Canadian government as a constitutional monarchy, a parliamentary democracy, and a federation, distinguishing the role of the citizen in terms of voting and personal freedoms.

  33. Constitutional Monarchy & Parliamentary Democracy Presidential Democracy British Monarch (Queen Elizabeth II) *Not Elected President (Barack Obama) *Elected Directly by the People Prime Minister (Stephen Harper) *Elected by the Legislature President (Barack Obama) *Elected Directly by the People Congress (Senate & House of Representatives) Parliament (Senate & House of Commons) FEDERAL FEDERAL

  34. Some Francophones (French-Speakers) in Quebec “Separatists” They believe that Quebec cannot keep its French language & culture in a country where most people have English as a first language. Launched a peaceful independence movement in the 1960’s Parliamentary votes on the issue in 1980 & 1995 Both votes were unsuccessful for the Movement, but the govt. has passed laws to protect the cultural rights of all Canadians & made Canada an officially bilingual country (English & French) Quebec greatly contributes to the Canadian Economy. It has many natural resources, hi-tech Industry, & contains the St. Lawrence Seaway. Without these, Canada’s economy would not be as strong.

  35. Quebec’s Independence Movement