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Improvements of energy efficiency in Małopolska Region

Improvements of energy efficiency in Małopolska Region

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Improvements of energy efficiency in Małopolska Region

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  1. Improvements of energy efficiency in Małopolska Region Marshal Office of Małopolska Region Department of Environment, Agriculture and Geodesy

  2. WORKSHOPS, PART 1 Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  3. POLAND – LocalEnergeticsCharacteristics • 90% energy acquired from conventional sources – black coal deposits • Energy generation costs relatively low compared to EU15 • Uneven distribution of power plants – mainly in south and central Poland • Infrastructure in poor condition • Limited knowledge of ecology in society Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  4. RENEWABLE ENERGY GENERATION SOURCES IN POLAND Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  5. POLAND – PREDICTED CHANGES Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  6. MAŁOPOLSKA – CURRENT SITUATION (1) • 6th place in electric energy production (690,52 TWh) from renewable sources - 8,04% of Poland’s total • Total power of renewable energy generating facilities in Małopolska: ~180 MW. • Main sources of renewable energy: • Geothermal waters • Hydropower of rivers Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  7. MAŁOPOLSKA – CURRENT SITUATION (2) • GEOTHERMAL SOURCESExisting geothermal water deposits have been precisely located • PEC Geotermia Podhalańska S.A. since 19941415 receivers by the end of 2009Heat distributed: 351 616,93 GJPower: 54,0426 MW. • HYDROPOWEREnergy produced by hydroplants in 2009: 396 066,058 MWh - 57,36% of total renewable energy production in region Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  8. MAŁOPOLSKA – CURRENT SITUATION (3) • WIND ENERGYUnfriendly weather conditions • SOLAR ENERGY • Energy from thermal recycling of communal waste New source of thermal and electric energy 4 new thermal recycling facilities planned in updated waste Management Plan of Małopolska Voivodship Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  9. Projected Thermal Recycling Facility in Kraków Capacity 220 000 Mg per annum Cost 645 mil. PLN (~ 150 mil. EUR) Krakowski Holding Komunalny (Krakow Communal Holding) Launch planned in 2014 Energy returned from waste New source of thermal and electric energy Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  10. Problem of air qualityinMalopolska • Limit value of PM10, PM2.5 and target value of benzo(a)pyrene is exceeded in all 3 zoneswhere air quality assessment is carried out. • PM10 annualaverageinKrakowis 79 g/m3 (limit valueis 40 g/m3). • The main cause of poor air quality is the emission from coal-fired boilers used for domestic heating.The efficiency of these boilers isaround 50-70%. Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  11. Sources of heat supply in residential buildings in Krakow Heat demand in Krakow: 12.7 millions GJ/a per capita: 16.8 GJ/a Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  12. Air quality plan • Air quality plan assumes: • Liquidation of traditional coal-fired boilers in 63000 flats - replacement with districtheating, gas heating, oil heating, or a modern low-emission coal boilers, • Reduction of fossil fuel consumption through thermo-modernization and use of renewable energy sources. • Municipalities implement programs of financial support for residents to replace the traditional coal-fired boilers to low emission sources. Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  13. Number of liquidated coal-fired boilers in Malopolskain 2008-2010 Number of liquidated traditional coal-fired boilers: 3100 units. Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  14. Replacement for liquidated coal-fired boilers in Malopolska in 2008-2010 Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  15. WORKSHOPS, PART 2 Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  16. POLAND’S NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY UNTIL 2030 Podstawowe kierunki działań: • Energy efficiencyimprovement • Increasein energy and fuelsupply security • Diversification of electric energy productionthroughintroduction of nuclearpower • Development of renewable energy sources, includingbiofuels • Development of a competitivefuel and energy market • Reduction of energetics’ impact on environment. Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  17. ACT ON EFEKTYWNOŚCI ENERGETYCZNEJ • Ustawa z 15 kwietnia 2011 r. • implements Directive 2006/32/Ec of the European Parliament And Of The CouncilOf 5 April 2006On Energy End-use Efficiency And Energy Services And Repealing Council Directive 93/76/Eec • Defines:- goals related to efficient energy management- tasks for the public sector- rules for auditing and certifying energy efficiency Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  18. DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF MAŁOPOLSKA REGION-FOR YEARS 2011-2020 (1) • Aims of the development policy • Complex support of modern technology applications in the areas of: safety and comfort, sustainable construction, clean energetic technologies etc. • Air quality improvement: • pollution reduction, especially from private household heating; • Promotion of renewable energy sources Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  19. DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF MAŁOPOLSKA REGION-FOR YEARS 2011-2020 (2) • Aims of the development policy • Identification of current regional energy demand in comparison with currently available energy sources • Identification of existing and potential barriers in development, followed by setting goals for further action in the area of regional renewable energetics development Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  20. THREATS • In Polandheatproduction is based on coal -for residents it is the cheapest source of heat. • It is much more difficult to influence the behavior of residents than the companies producing heat. • So far effects of liqidationcoal-fired boilers in the years 2008-2010 is reduction PM10 emissions by about 60 Mg/year. To achieve limit values for PM10 itis necessary to further reduce PM10 emissions by 1,370 Mg/year. Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji

  21. CONCLUSION • In Malopolska individual heat production sector has great potential to improve energy efficiency and reduce emissions. • It is important to integrate actions related to climate change and energy efficiency with the reduction of PM10 and PM2.5emissions. • The need to take into account economic efficiency of investment: achieving the greatest results at the lowest cost. Departament Środowiska, Rolnictwa i Geodezji