MEDIA 330BC • Alexander was at Persepolis when he heard Darius was at Ecbatana • Alex went there but found Darius gone • Speed, determination, strength and fitness mark Alex’s trip. • He had heavy infantry because he expected serious trouble.
CASPIAN GATES • Alex decided to conquer the surrounding lands • Local cities fell one after another, satraps that surrendered were pardoned • Here Alex discovered: = Mercenaries fighting with Persians = Rebel envoys whose purpose was to reach Darius and negotiate with him
DARIUS’ MURDER • Alex heard that Bessus had placed Darius under arrest • Sent him on a mad gallop across the desert • Near Shahrud he reached the wagon found Darius killed • Nabarzanes and Barsaentes were the killers • Alex proceeded to act as Darius’ legitimate successor • Body was sent to Persepolis to be buried in the tomb of the Achaemenid kings
PURSUING THE MURDERERS OF DARIUS 330-328bc • Darius’ murderers had fled to the East • Satraps (Satibarzanes and Spitamenis) refused to surrender • Barsaentes fled to India handed to Alex and executed in 326 • Nabarzanes was pursued by Alex for sometime. Alex caught up with him and begged for forgiveness and was granted it.
ARIA • Satibarzanes satrap of Aria surrendered to Alex. Everything was peaceful, • Then Alex heard that Satibarzanes had sided with Bessus. • Sati kills the few men that Alex had left behind and started organising an army. • Alex, furious found that Sati, had fled and remained for month too sort
ARACHOSIA 329BC • Alex misjudged how severe the winter was • So crossing the mountains saw great losses from frost bite, snowblindness and hunger. • They fed on fish, raw meat and even their horses. • Losses would’ve been worse had locals not helped them off.
BACTRIA • Countryside had been destroyed by Bessus so Alex. would not have any supplies. • Alex was determined though and kept going with no provisions. • He heard that Bessus had crossed river Oxus into Sogdiana.