Parts of Speech: Ch. 1, Part 2
What is an adjective? • An adjective is a describing, or modifying, word • Describes a noun • Tells us: what kind, which one, how many, or how much • Example: I like the blue shirt. • The adjective is blue because it tells us what kind of shirt • Practice • Which word is the adjective? • Susie wore a yellow skirt to the first dance.
What is a verb? • A verb is the action of the sentence • To locate the verb, ask yourself, “What is being done in the sentence?” • Example: We ran twenty miles. • Ran is the verb because it tells us the action being done
What is a verb (continued)? • A verb phrase has a main verb and one or more helping verbs • Common Helping Verbs: • Be: am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been • Have: has, have, having, had • Do: do, does, doing, did • Modals: may, might, must, can, shall, will, could, should, would
What is an adverb? • Adverbs describe, or modify, a verb, an adjective, or another adverb • They tell us how, when, where, to what extent (how much or how long) • Example: Joe played magnificently. • Magnificently is the adverb because it describes how Joe (subject) played (verb). • Adverbs usually end in an “ly,” but not always • Example: yesterday, earlier, rather
Practice • Complete Review C, #1-10 on pgs. 12-13 • Please note: You should have two answers for each question • Complete Review D on pg. 19, #1-10 • Please note: You do not have to identify the words being modified • Complete Review E on pg. 20, #1-20 • Please note: You do not have to identify the words being modified
What is a preposition? • A word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word or part of a sentence • The word being connected to the pronoun or noun is called the object • The playful puppy ran beside me. • Beside is the preposition. It connects puppy (the noun) to me (the object). • Refer to charts on pgs. 21 and 22 for common prepositions
What is a conjunction? • Joins words, phrases, or clauses • Think of them as gluing words because they hold the words, phrases, or clauses together • Common conjunctions : and, for, or, yet, but, nor, so • Refer to charts on pgs. 23 and 24 for other conjuctions • Practice: Identify the conjuction • Eat and dress quickly or you will be late for work.
What is an interjection? • A word that shows emotion and is not grammatically connected to the sentence • Examples of interjection: ah, hey, ouch, oops • Examples: • Ouch! That hurts. • Well, you should apologize. • Practice: Identify the interjection • Wow, I cannot believe you did that.
Practice • Complete Review G on pg. 26, #1-25