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Growth and Development

Growth and Development

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Growth and Development

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  1. Growth and Development

  2. Child Development • The study of a child from Conception to age 18

  3. Stages of Development • Infancy • Birth to 12 months • Toddler • 12 months to 3 years • Preschool • 3 years to 6 years • School Age • 6 years to 12 years • Adolescents • 13 years to 18 years

  4. Growth • A child’s physical increase in size or amount that is easily observed

  5. Development • The ability of a child to do things that are complex and difficult

  6. Laws of Growth and Development • Growth proceeds from head to foot • Lift head, pick up objects, walk to objects • Growth proceeds from near to far • Scoot body, wave arms, grab objects, pick up objects • Growth proceeds from simple to complex • sleeping, being fed, holding bottle, feeding self • Growth is continuous and orderly • Both legs grow at the same time and rate

  7. Generalizations of Growth and Development • Every child grows in his/her own unique way • Every individual normally passes through every stage of development • Behavior is caused • Learning must wait on maturation • Whenever an act results in a feeling of satisfaction, the act is likely to be repeated

  8. Areas of Development • Physical • Cognitive • Social • Emotional • Moral

  9. Physical development • Muscle coordination and control • Growth in size and proportion Ex: child rolling over, lifting its head, sitting up, kicking or catching a ball

  10. Cognitive Development • Ability of the brain to take in and process information Ex: child recognizing their name, recognizing a parent, recognizing when they shake a rattle it will make noise

  11. Social Development • A child learning and discovering the expectations and rules for interacting with others Ex: child smiling at mother, child learning to share a toy

  12. Emotional Development • Ability to recognize and understand feelings and how to respond to them appropriately Ex: child feeling jealousy to a new baby, feeling love for another person, being afraid of the dark

  13. Moral Development • Identifying personal values Ex: Right vs. Wrong, behaving according to what others need or want, respecting human rights, developing principles to guide behavior

  14. Why do we observe children? • To gain a deeper understanding • To get to know a specific child better • To assess children developmentally and compare • To identify special needs • To assess teaching skills