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Linear Regulator Fundamentals

Linear Regulator Fundamentals

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Linear Regulator Fundamentals

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  1. Linear Regulator Fundamentals 2.4 NMOS

  2. Linear-Regulator Operation • Voltage feedback samples the outputR1 and R2 may be internal or external • Feedback controls pass transistor’s current to the load V V IN OUT PASS TRANSISTOR R1 ERROR C AMP C IN R OUT LOAD R2 V REF

  3. Losses in the Standard NMOS Simple Model of Losses in the NPN "Quasi-LDO"

  4. Driving the Standard NMOS Pass Element • The current flow through the NMOS pass element to the load is shown in this simplified schematic. The Gate to Source voltages (VGS) used here are for illustrating the concept. Actual Gate to Source voltages will depend on the fabrication process used, as well as design considerations. A typical NMOS pass transistor will actually consist of several thousand individual transistors in parallel.

  5. The drive current for a load current requirement of 50mA Drive Current vs. Low/High Load Current Increasing the load current requirement to 3A

  6. N-FET LDO with Bias Rail • Requires bias voltage to pull up N-FET • Has characteristics similar to the NPN regulator LP3885x

  7. Advantages of N-FET LDO • N-FET has lower ON resistance than P-FET • Allows very low VIN and VOUT values • Lower output impedance reduces the effect of load pole • Stable with small external capacitors • Low ground-pin current regardless of load • High DC gain and good bandwidth

  8. Summary • The NMOS voltage regulator has the following Characteristics: • Requires the input voltage to be higher than the output voltage by the VGS requirement of the pass transistor • This is not Low Drop Out • Ground pin current does not vary with the output load current • Does not require any output capacitor, (but use one anyway)

  9. Thank you!