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The Geography & Peoples of Europe

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  1. The Geography & Peoples of Europe Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

  2. Europe as a Queen Munster, 1588

  3. Europe’s Latitude v. US

  4. Former Soviet Region Compared in Latitude & Area with the United States

  5. Satellite View of Europe

  6. 3,800 square miles

  7. REGIONS

  8. Continents by Size (sq. km.)

  9. Topography

  10. Europe: A Peninsula of Peninsulas? OR A Peninsula of Asia?

  11. Europe:An Asian Peninsula?

  12. Northern Peninsulas Scandinavian Peninsula Jutland Peninsula

  13. Southern Peninsulas CrimeanPeninsula Iberian Peninsula Italian Peninsula Balkan Peninsula AnatoleanPeninsula

  14. Peninsulas Scandinavian Pen. JutlandPen. Crimean Pen. Italian Pen. Balkan Pen. Iberian Pen. Anatolean Pen. Peloponnesian Pen.

  15. What’stheanswer??

  16. Bodies of Water ArcticOcean AtlanticOcean North Sea Baltic Sea English Channel CaspianSea Bay ofBiscay BlackSea DardanellesStrait Adriatic Sea AegeanSea TyrrhenianSea Strait ofGibraltar Mediterranean Sea

  17. The Mediterranean Sea: Mare Nostrum Strait of Gibraltar & the“Pillars of Hercules” • 2,400 miles long & 1,000 miles wide • “Crossroads of 3 Continents” Caesarea on the Israeli coast

  18. Rivers Volga R. Don R. Thames R. Elbe R. Vistula R. Oder R. Rhine R. Dnieper R. Seine R. Loire R. Danube R. Po R. Tagus R. Tiber R. Guadalquivir R.

  19. The Danube River 1770 miles

  20. The Danube River Where Buda & Pest Meet Biking Along the Danube • Flows through the 12 countries of Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the Ukraine.

  21. The Volga River • The longest river in Europe --> 2,300 miles.

  22. The Volga River • The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%.

  23. Why are most of the capitals of Europe on major rivers??

  24. Capitals on the Rivers (1) Paris, right bank of the Seine London on the Thames Prague on the Vltava Budapest on the Danube

  25. Capitals on the Rivers (2) Moscow on the Moscow River Berlin on the Spree Rome on the Tiber Vienna on the Danube

  26. What’stheanswer??

  27. Answer: They are Europe’s lifeline!

  28. Moutains&Peaks Ural Mts. Carpathian Mts. Caucasus Mts. Alps Mts. Pyrennes Mts. Dinaric Alps Apennines Mts. Mt. Vesuvius ^ Mt. Olympus ^ Mt. Etna ^

  29. Elevation Urals Caucasus Pyrennes Carpathians Alps Apennines

  30. The Alps • Cover most of Switzerland, Austria, and parts of Italy and France.

  31. Mt. Blanc in the Alps • Highest mountain in the Alps: 15,771 feet

  32. The Caucasus Mountains • The origin of the word Caucasian.

  33. Transylvaniain the Carpathian Mountains • Home of Vlad Tepeš, theDrakul (“Count Dracula”)

  34. Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide” 1500 miles • Divides the European and Asian sections of Russia.

  35. The Ural Mountains

  36. Siberian Lowlands Plains Northern European Plain Steppes

  37. The BENELUX Countries • Belgium • Netherlands • Luxembourg

  38. Holland’s Dikes

  39. Amsterdam’s Canals

  40. The Netherlands:The “Dagger” Pointing at the Heart of Britain!

  41. Plateaus Meseta

  42. ArcticOcean Completed Map Siberian Lowlands Ural Mts. Scandinavian Pen. AtlanticOcean Jutland Pen. Volga R. North Sea Baltic Sea Don R. Northern European Plain Thames R. Elbe R. Vistula R. English Channel Oder R. Rhine R. Steppes Dnieper R. Seine R. Carpathian Mts. CaspianSea Loire R. Caucasus Mts. Bay ofBiscay Alps Mts. Crimean Pen. Danube R. Po R. Pyrennes Mts. Italian Pen. Dinaric Alps Balkan Pen. BlackSea Tagus R. DardanellesStrait Apennines Mts. Tiber R. Iberian Pen. Adriatic Sea Mt. Vesuvius ^ Ebro R. Anatolean Pen. Mt. Olympus ^ AegeanSea TyrrhenianSea Strait ofGibraltar Mt. Etna ^ Peloponnesian Pen.

  43. 10,000 BCE – Ice Age

  44. Norwegian Fjords • Glaciers cut deep valleys in the ocean during the Ice Age.

  45. Earthquake Zones

  46. Reykjavik, Iceland:“The Youngest Oldest Country” • Volcanoes • Hot Springs • Geysers

  47. Mediterranean Islands • Generally rugged & mountainous. • Mediterranean Sea so polluted (will take 1000 years to clean up). Sardinia Cyprus Malta

  48. Mt. Etna, Sicily • An active volcano

  49. Mt. Vesuvius, Italy • Pompeii, 79 CE • Herculaneum, 79 CE • 1944 eruption

  50. Eastern Europe