Adoptions Services Bureau L.C.S.W. Supervisor Training for BBSE requirement Presented by: Joseph Randazzo, Ph. D., L.C.S.W. California Institute on Human Services. Sonoma State University 1801 East Cotati Avenue, Rohnert Park, CA 94928
“Supervision is the relationship between the supervisor and the supervisee that promotes the development of responsibility, skill, knowledge, attitudes, and ethical standards in the practice of clinical social work. The priority in the supervision process is accountability for client care within the parameters and ethical standards of the social work profession.” National Association of Social Workers, 1994
Why is clinical supervision necessary? • It facilitates the professional development & training process for Graduate school trainees. • It facilitates the professional development and training process for unlicensed interns. • It facilitates the matriculation and, where necessary, training process for newly assigned licensed staff. • It facilitates quality assurance of services provided.
Why is clinical supervision necessary? • It serves as a link between managerial and clinical staff. • It fulfills requirements for licensing. • It fulfills requirements for credentialing. • It meets external regulatory requirements. • It aids in the corrective or disciplinary process. • It fulfills requirements for third party payment.
How many hats does the clinical supervisor wear? • Sage - the person who helps define the role of psychotherapist • Guide - the person discusses casework issues • Tutor- the person who helps in license exam preparation
What is your stylistic preference as a clinical supervisor? • Teacher • Mentor
Personal Characteristics for Supervisors • Open, flexible, positive, and cooperative • Willing to accept and use feedback • Aware of impact on others • Ability to accept personal responsibility • Ability to express feelings effectively and appropriately
Supervisor FAQ’s I am supervising L.C.S.W associates. How many hours of supervision training am I required to obtain? Effective January 1, 2001, you will need to have completed fifteen (15) contact hours in supervision training obtained from a state agency or approved continuing education provider. This training may apply towards the continuing education requirements.
Supervisor FAQ’s I am supervising interns, trainees and associates. Will I need both 6 hours of supervision training for interns and 15 hours of supervision training for associates? No. You are only required to obtain 15 contact hours in supervision training. The 6 hours required for supervising interns can be included in the 15 hours. However, if you continue to supervise interns you will need 6 hours of training every two years.
Supervisor FAQ’s Will I be required to submit proof of completion of this training? No. However, upon written request of the board, the supervisor shall provide to the board any documentation which verifies the supervisor's compliance with the requirements.
Supervisor FAQ’s Supervisors of interns: Can coursework taken prior to January 1, 2000 count? Yes. Coursework completed between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 1999 may apply.
Supervisor FAQ’s Supervisors of associates: Can coursework taken prior to January 1, 2001 count? Yes. Coursework completed after January1, 1999 may apply.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s When can I begin accruing hours of post-master’s experience? Hours of experience will begin to count as of the issuance date listed on your associate registration certificate.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s When can I begin working in a private practice? You cannot begin work in a private practice until your registration has been issued.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s How long may I retain my registration status? A registration may be renewed annually after initial registration for a maximum of six years. If you have not completed your 24 months and 3,200 hours of supervised experience for the licensure requirements during the six year registration period you may apply for an associate registration extension. Failure to obtain an extension before your registration expires will result in your registration being permanently expired and it will not be renewed. However, you must apply for a new registration number if you meet all current requirements.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s Can I be paid while I’m earning my yours? Yes. However, employed associates must be paid on a W-2 basis. Associates who work as independent contractors (receive 1099 instead of W-2 form) will not be able to count hours toward licensure.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s Can I receive pay directly from clients? ABSOLUTELY NOT. The client must pay your employer.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s Am I required to submit the Employment Notification Form when I begin or end employment sites? The employment notification/termination form is required only if you are employed in a private practice. DO NOT submit this form for settings other than private practice.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s How many years do I have in which to obtain my hours? All hours of experience must be gained within a six year period which is determined once the Board receives your L.C.S.W. examination application . From the date the Board receives your examination application, we count back six years.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s How much supervision am I required to have? You must have at least one hour of direct fact-to-face supervision for each week of experience claimed. Of the 24 months and 3,200 hours required, no more than 1,600 hours can be group supervision.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s How many hours must be gained under the supervision of a L.C.S.W? A minimum of 2,200 hours.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s How many hours of group supervision am I required to have? You are not required to have group supervision.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s If I am receiving supervision from a person who is not employed by my employer, what must the written contract consist of? The contract shall include the responsibilities of the supervisor, employer, and associate. These contracts shall be submitted to the board with your experience verification form at the time you apply for licensure.
L.C.S.W. Associate FAQ’s Who may supervise me other than a L.C.S.W.? A licensed mental health professional acceptable to the Board is one who, at the time of supervision, has possessed for at least two years a valid license as a psychotherapist, marriage, family, and child counselor, or physician certified in psychiatry by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. This does not include “board eligible” psychiatrists. They must possess full certification. A maximum of 1,000 hours may be obtained under these professionals.
How do the roles ofCLINICAL SUPERVISION & ADMINISTRATIVE SUPERVISIONcompliment or conflictwith each other?
Developing and implementing an appropriate: • Supervision Contract • Supervisor Evaluation Form • Supervisee Self-assessment Evaluation Form
Relationships with: • Managers/Administrators • Licensed co-workers • Interns and trainees
Supervisor tasks in the relationship • Ensure roles are clear (administratively) • Ensure responsibilities are clear • Ensure supervision is not psychotherapy • Ensure nothing in supervision jeopardizes client safety
Supervisor tasks in the relationship • Discuss policy for intern/supervisor absences • Deal with conflict immediately and directly • Keep in mind supervisor bears burden of responsibility
Supervisor Interventions • Facilitative: provide support & encouragement • Confrontive: compare & examine two issues • Conceptual: think analytically/theoretically • Prescriptive: coaching to perform or delete behaviors • Catalytic: comments designed to get things moving (Loganbill, Hardy, & Delworth, 1982)
Internal Issues • Commitment to ongoing education • Optimal use of time • Maintenance of a teaching/educational orientation • Openness to using various learning methods • Willingness to gear supervision towards professional growth
Internal Issues (continued) • Willingness to gear supervision towards personal growth • Staying focused • Developing a strong theoretical framework (encouraging others) • Maintaining openness to other theoretical frameworks • Clearly understanding rationale behind decisions
External Issues • Availability • Openness to discuss the intern’s needs • Giving supportive feedback • Encouraging a teaching/educational orientation • Willingness to gear supervision towards supervisee’s professional growth • Willingness to gear supervision towards supervisee’s personal growth
External Issues • Giving and expecting respect equally • Encouraging open discussion of professional issues • Encouraging others to develop a strong theoretical framework • Explaining rationale behind decisions clearly • Allowing others room for development of their ideas.
Stage 1:Laying the foundation • Establishing rapport
RAPPORT BUILDINGACTIVITY On your card is written one half of a “Famous Pair.” Go around the room and find your “other half.” With your partner, role-play a first-time supervisor/supervisee meeting in which the supervisor begins to build rapport. Trade roles.
Stage 1:Laying the foundation (continued) • Establishing rapport • Making the contract
Stage 2: Developing clinical skills and professional identity • Social Learning Theory approach to skill development • Social Skills Training model for skill development • Psychodynamic Theory approach to skill development
Stage 2(clinical skills)Methods for teaching therapeutic skills • Focus on one skill (or a component of it) • Model or demonstrate the skill • Practice the skill • Evaluate • Master the skills • Use skill in therapy
Stage 2(clinical skills)Essential Skills • Oral/written communication • Critical thinking • Interviewing • Assessment • Diagnostic process
Stage 2(clinical skills)Essential Skills • Cultural self-awareness/competency • Working with diversity • Use of self • Applying interventions • Crisis intervention • Treatment planning
Stage 2(clinical skills)Essential Skills • Psycho-educational approaches • Advocacy • Facilitating linkages • Utilizing research • Evaluation