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  1. Do Now: Grab Agenda 13:3 (Weebly or Out Box) Define Terrorism.

  2. Objective:Terrorism WHII.16d TSWDK of cultural, economic, and social conditions in developed and developing nations of the contemporary world by analyzing the increasing impact of terrorism.

  3. TERRORISM • What is Terrorism? • International Terrorism • Government Response

  4. What is Terrorism? Definition • The calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature. • Terrorism is the use of violence and threats to intimidate and coerce for political reasons. Where? • Terrorism exists in both developed and developing countries. Why? • Religious extremism • Unequal economic, social, cultural, and/or political conditions.

  5. International Terrorism Car Bombings • 1993 Bombay Bombings

  6. International Terrorism Car Bombings • 1993 Bombay Bombings • A series of 13 bombs exploded in Bombay (now Mumbai), India.

  7. International Terrorism Car Bombings • 1993 Bombay Bombings • A series of 13 bombs exploded in Bombay (now Mumbai), India. • Their target were hotels, office buildings, banks… civilian populated areas.

  8. International Terrorism Car Bombings • 1993 Bombay Bombings • A series of 13 bombs exploded in Bombay (now Mumbai), India. • Their target were hotels, office buildings, banks… civilian populated areas. • 257 were killed, 713 injured

  9. International Terrorism Car Bombings • 1993 Bombay Bombings • A series of 13 bombs exploded in Bombay (now Mumbai), India. • Their target were hotels, office buildings, banks… civilian populated areas. • 257 were killed, 713 injured • Assailants were underworld criminal groups affiliated with Islamic groups with training in India. It is believed that the attacks were carried out in retaliation for the death of 575 Muslims by Hindus during the Bombay riots of 1993.

  10. International Terrorism Car Bombings (continued) • Syrian Civil War • April 29, 2014 • A car bomb went off in the central Syrian city of Hom, killing 36 people and wounding 85. • The attack came a day after President Bashar al-Assad announced his candidacy for the presidential elections on June 3, a race he is likely to win amid a civil war that initially started as an uprising against his rule.

  11. International Terrorism Suicide Bombers • 1983 Beirut Barracks Bombing

  12. International Terrorism Suicide Bombers • 1983 Beirut Barracks Bombing • Two truck bombs struck separate buildings housing US and French military forces killing 299 American and French servicemen.

  13. International Terrorism Suicide Bombers • 1983 Beirut Barracks Bombing • Two truck bombs struck separate buildings housing US and French military forces killing 299 American and French servicemen. • The death toll was 307; 75 were injured

  14. International Terrorism Suicide Bombers • 1983 Beirut Barracks Bombing • Two truck bombs struck separate buildings housing US and French military forces killing 299 American and French servicemen. • The death toll was 307; 75 were injured • The organization Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the bombing.

  15. International Terrorism Suicide Bombers (continued) • 2002 Passover Massacre

  16. International Terrorism Suicide Bombers (continued) • 2002 Passover Massacre • Carried out by Hamas, at the Park Hotel in Netanya, Israel during a Passover Seder.

  17. International Terrorism Suicide Bombers (continued) • 2002 Passover Massacre • Carried out by Hamas, at the Park Hotel in Netanya, Israel during a Passover Seder. • Thirty civilians were killed and 140 injured.

  18. International Terrorism Suicide Bombers (continued) • 2002 Passover Massacre • Carried out by Hamas, at the Park Hotel in Netanya, Israel during a Passover Seder. • Thirty civilians were killed and 140 injured. • Deadliest attack of the Second Intifada.

  19. International Terrorism Airline Hijackers • 1985 Air India Flight 182 • Plane was en route from Montreal to India when it was blown up by a bomb while at 31,000 feet.

  20. International Terrorism Airline Hijackers • 1985 Air India Flight 182 • Plane was en route from Montreal to India when it was blown up by a bomb while at 31,000 feet. • All 307 passengers and 22 crew members were killed. No survivors.

  21. International Terrorism Airline Hijackers • 1985 Air India Flight 182 • Plane was en route from Montreal to India when it was blown up by a bomb while at 31,000 feet. • All 307 passengers and 22 crew members were killed. No survivors. • Bombers were members of a Sikh separatist group fighting for a separate Sikh state.

  22. International Terrorism Airline Hijackers (continued) • 1976 Entebbe Airport

  23. International Terrorism Airline Hijackers (continued) • 1976 Entebbe Airport • An Air France flight with 248 passengers was hijacked by members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The plane was flown to Entebbe Airport in Uganda.

  24. International Terrorism Airline Hijackers (continued) • 1976 Entebbe Airport • An Air France flight with 248 passengers was hijacked by members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The plane was flown to Entebbe Airport in Uganda. • Within 2 days, 148 non-Israeli hostages were released; the remaining 100 were Israeli and Jewish and kept as hostages.

  25. International Terrorism Airline Hijackers (continued) • 1976 Entebbe Airport • An Air France flight with 248 passengers was hijacked by members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The plane was flown to Entebbe Airport in Uganda. • Within 2 days, 148 non-Israeli hostages were released; the remaining 100 were Israeli and Jewish and kept as hostages. • Operation Entebbe, led by IDF (Israeli Defense Force) with Mossad (Israeli CIA), rescued the hostages. The operation took a week to plan and 90 minutes to carry out.

  26. International Terrorism Airline Hijackers (continued) • 1976 Entebbe Airport • An Air France flight with 248 passengers was hijacked by members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The plane was flown to Entebbe Airport in Uganda. • Within 2 days, 148 non-Israeli hostages were released; the remaining 100 were Israeli and Jewish and kept as hostages. • Operation Entebbe, led by IDF (Israeli Defense Force) with Mossad (Israeli CIA), rescued the hostages. The operation took a week to plan and 90 minutes to carry out. • All the hijackers, 3 hostages, and 45 Ugandan solders were killed.

  27. International Terrorism 1972, Munich Olympics • Committed by “Black September,” a Palestinian terrorist group. • Killed 11 Israeli athletes. Munich Massacre

  28. International Terrorism 9-11 • Terrorist attacks in the United States motivated by extremism. • 4 planes were hijacked: • 2 hit the World Trade Center • 1 hit the Pentagon • 1 meant for the White House crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. • The attack on 9-11 was orchestrated by Osama bin Laden, leader of al-Qaeda. • 2,996 were killed; more than 6,000 were injured. 9-11 As it Happened

  29. Government Response • Surveillance • Review of privacy rights • Security at ports and airports • Identification badges and photos

  30. Conclusion • Both developed and developing nations of the world have problems that are brought about by inequities in their social, culture, and economic systems. • Some individuals choose to deal with these unequal conditions through the use of terrorist activities. • Terrorism is the use of violence and threats to intimidate and coerce for political reasons. • A major cause of terrorism is religious extremism.