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PERTUSSIS PowerPoint Presentation

PERTUSSIS

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PERTUSSIS

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  1. PERTUSSIS Whooping Cough

  2. Pertussis • “Whooping cough” • It is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection • Advanced stages may lead to a high pitched intake of air that make a “whoop” sound

  3. Symptoms • Symptoms take 3 to 12 days to appear • Stage1: • Dry cough, sneezing, runny nose, mild fever • Lasts up to 2 weeks • Most likely to be spread in this stage • Stage 2: • Uncontrollable coughing fits • Lasts 2-4 weeks • Stage 3 • Cough may get louder • May have coughing fits on and off for weeks

  4. Causes Bodetella Pertussis • Caused by bacteria • Interferes with your respiratory tract’s ability to sweep away germs • Creates thick mucus that causes coughing

  5. Bodetella Pertussis • The bacteria attached to the cilia of the respiratory epithelial cells • Toxins produced by the bacteria paralyze cilia

  6. Risk Factors • There is a vaccine for whooping cough • Teens and young adults whose vaccine has worn off • Young children who have not yet finished their vaccines • Infants 6 months and younger are at greater risk

  7. Complications In Adults: • Usually no complications • Maybe be more dangerous for the elderly • Most complications arise from strenuous coughing: • Bruising or cracked ribs • Abdominal hernias • Broken blood vessels in the skin or whites of eyes

  8. Complications In Infants: • Complications are much more severe • May be life threatening for children under 6 months • Children may get: • Ear infections • Pneumonia • Slowed or stopped breathing • Dehydration • Seizures • Brain damage

  9. Diagnosis Nose Culture • Just describe your symptoms to a doctor • Blood tests • chest x-ray • Nose or throat culture

  10. Treatment • Infants and elderly are usually hospitalized • Antibiotics are given • Cough relief