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Cambodia An Introduction PowerPoint Presentation
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Cambodia An Introduction

Cambodia An Introduction

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Cambodia An Introduction

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  1. Cambodia An Introduction

  2. S E Asia • Cambodia is in South-East Asia • It shares borders with: • Thailand • Laos • Vietnam • To the south is the Gulf of Thailand • It lies within the Tropics, north of the Equator

  3. Its capital city is Phnom Penh, the most populous city in the country Siem Reap is a popular tourist centre in the north. It is situated close to the ancient temples of Angkor Wat The geography is dominated by the Mekong River and the Tonle Sap lake Cambodia has an area of 181,035 square kilometres. By comparison Victoria has an area of 237,629 square kilometres. Geography

  4. Flag The Cambodian flag was adopted in 1993 It features the Angkor Wat temples It had been previously used from 1948 to 1970

  5. Climate Cambodia’s climate is monsoonal – tropical rains are heavy from May to October In July temperatures will range from the mid 20s to the mid 30s. Humidity will be high. Rainfall will be regular

  6. Environment Much of Cambodia was once covered by tropical rainforest The country has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world, due largely to illegal logging Since 1970, Cambodia's primary rainforest cover fell dramatically from over 70 percent in 1970 to just 3.1 percent in 2007 Less than 3,220 square kilometres of primary forest remain

  7. Wildlife • Cambodia is home to a diverse array of wildlife. • 212 mammal species • 536 bird species • 240 reptile species • 850 freshwater fish species • 435 marine fish species • Many of the country's species are critically endangered because of • habitat destruction • illegal poaching • bush meat • farming & fishing concessions • Work is now being done to help conserve and protect Cambodia 's wildlife

  8. The People More than 90% of Cambodia’s population is of Khmer origin and speaks the Khmer language, the country's official language The remainder include Chinese, Vietnamese, Cham, Khmer Loeu and Indians Civil war has had a marked effect on the Cambodian population. The median age is 20.6 years, with more than 50% of the population younger than 25

  9. The Khmer Empire The Khmer Empire flourished in the region now occupied by modern-day Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam from about 800 AD to 1431 AD Its centre of power was Angkor The Khmer people established cultural and trade relation with the inhabitants of Java and Sumatra to the south

  10. Angkor At Angkor, a series of capitals was constructed during the empire's height of power Angkor Wat, the most famous and best-preserved religious temple at the site, is a reminder of the great wealth and power of the Khmer Empire No written records have survived other than stone inscriptions Our current knowledge of the Khmer civilisation is largely due to the work done by archaeologists reading stone inscriptions on the ancient ruins

  11. Angkor Angkor is a complex of many stone temples This radar image from the space shuttle reveals a massive city complex which once was home to over one million people A network of canals and reservoirs supported the large population Radar and satellite imagery has recently revealed what has been hidden beneath jungle for centuries

  12. Angkor In 1431 Thai invaders sacked the Khmer city. The population abandoned Angkor and moved south to Phnom Penh Today Angkor Wat attracts over one million tourists each year and provides cambodia with much needed revenue Some of the Khmer rulers worshipped Hindu gods in the Angkor temples, while others converted to Buddhism

  13. Foreign Rule For the three centuries that followed the decline of the Khmer Empire, Cambodia was ruled by a succession of Thai and Viet kings with brief periods of independence between This was due to losses in ongoing wars with its neighbours

  14. French Rule In 1863 King Norodom sought the protection of France In 1867 the French signed an agreement giving control of Battambang and Siem Reap to Thailand. These provinces were returned to Cambodia in 1906 The French ruled Cambodia, as part of Indochina, from 1863 to 1953 From 1941 to 1945, the Japanese occupied Cambodia

  15. French Indochina French Indochina was formed from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (who together form modern Vietnam), Laos and the Kingdom of Cambodia The French formally left the local rulers in power, but in fact gathered all powers in their hands The local rulers acting only as figureheads Today French colonial influence is still visible in Phnom Penh