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English ACT Prep

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English ACT Prep

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  1. English ACT Prep Grammar and Usage

  2. Usage/Mechanics (53% - 40 questions) Punctuation (13%) Grammar and usage (16%) Sentence structure (24%) Rhetorical Skills (47% or 35 questions) Strategy (16%) Organization (15%) Style (16%) The English test is a 75-question, 45-minute test, covering:

  3. Usage/Mechanics (53% - 40 questions) Punctuation (13%) Grammar and usage (16%) Sentence structure (24%) Rhetorical Skills (47% or 35 questions) Strategy (16%) Organization (15%) Style (16%) The English test is a 75-question, 45-minute test, covering:

  4. Grammar and Usage Grammatical Rules Most Tested: • Noun-pronoun agreement • Pronoun-case agreement • Subject-verb agreement • Verb tense • Proper placement of adverbs and adjectives • Correct use of idiom

  5. Pronouns Words used to replace nouns. (he, she, it, they, etc.)

  6. Pronoun Rule Number 1 Agreement

  7. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement A pronoun must always agree with the noun it refers to. Sound Simple?

  8. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement Identify the error in the sentence below: Any young boy who watched the first moon landing probably spent the next few years wishing that they could become an astronaut.

  9. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement Identify the error in the sentence below: Any young boy who watched the first moon landing probably spent the next few years wishing that they could become an astronaut.

  10. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement Identify the error in the sentence below: Any young boy who watched the first moon landing probably spent the next few years wishing that they could become an astronaut.

  11. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement Identify the error in the sentence below: Any young boy who watched the first moon landing probably spent the next few years wishing that he could become an astronaut.

  12. Commonly Used Singular Pronouns

  13. Commonly Used Plural Pronouns

  14. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement Identify the error in the sentence below: Neither of the two young girls with whom I watched the first moon landing expressed their feelings out loud, but I knew that all three of us wanted to be astronauts too.

  15. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement Identify the error in the sentence below: Neither of the two young girls with whom I watched the first moon landing expressed their feelings out loud, but I knew that all three of us wanted to be astronauts too.

  16. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement Identify the error in the sentence below: Neither of the two young girls with whom I watched the first moon landing expressed their feelings out loud, but I knew that all three of us wanted to be astronauts too. Be careful with Indefinites!

  17. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement The following indefinite pronouns are singular: Either Neither Each Anyone No one Everyone Everybody Somebody Anybody

  18. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement Identify the error in the sentence below: Neither of the two young girls with whom I watched the first moon landing expressed her feelings out loud, but I knew that all three of us wanted to be astronauts too.

  19. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement On the ACT: Although the American bald eagle has been on the endangered species list for years, they have been sighted in wildlife preserves much more frequently during the past two years. • NO CHANGE • they are • it can be • it has been

  20. Pronoun Rule #1: Agreement On the ACT: Although the American bald eagle has been on the endangered species list for years, they have been sighted in wildlife preserves much more frequently during the past two years. • NO CHANGE • they are • it can be • it has been

  21. Pronoun rule #2 Case

  22. Pronoun Rule #2: Case If a pronoun is the subject of the sentence, it must be expressed as a subject: I, we, he, she , it ,they, and who If a pronoun is the object of the sentence, or the object of the preposition, it must be expressed as an object: me, us, you, him, her, it, them, and whom.

  23. Pronoun Rule #2: Case If a pronoun is the subject of the sentence, it must be expressed as a subject: I, we, he, she , it ,they, and who If a pronoun is the object of the sentence, or the object of the preposition, it must be expressed as an object: me, us, you, him, her, it, them, and whom.

  24. Pronoun Rule #2: Case Which choice best fits the sentence below? (She/Her) bought a souvenir NASA sweatshirt.

  25. Pronoun Rule #2: Case Which choice best fits the sentence below? (She/Her) bought a souvenir NASA sweatshirt.

  26. Pronoun Rule #2: Case Which choice best fits the sentence below? Jane bought a souvenir NASA sweatshirt for (he/him).

  27. Pronoun Rule #2: Case Which choice best fits the sentence below? Jane bought a souvenir NASA sweatshirt for (he/him).

  28. Pronoun Rule #2: Case Who/Whom

  29. Who/Whom Let’s look at a correct example: The T.V. announcer, who was quite an expert, told us many interesting facts about the lunar mission.

  30. Who/Whom Let’s look at a correct example: The T.V. announcer, who was quite an expert, told us many interesting facts about the lunar mission. Always use “who” when the relative pronoun is functioning as the subject of a clause, or as the subject of the entire sentence

  31. Who/Whom Let’s look at a another correct example: Before the moon landing, the T.V announcer gave some additional background on the astronauts, about whom we were all quite interested.

  32. Who/Whom Let’s look at a another correct example: Before the moon landing, the T.V, announcer gave some additional background on the astronauts, about whom we were all quite interested. Always use “whom” when the pronoun is functioning as the object of a preposition, or of the entire sentence.

  33. Pronoun Rule #2: Case On the ACT: The students, who had been studying the space program, were thrilled to witness the lunar landing. • NO CHANGE • about who had been studying the space program • whom had been studying the space program • who had been studying the space program

  34. Pronoun Rule #2: Case On the ACT: The students, who had been studying the space program, were thrilled to witness the lunar landing. • NO CHANGE • about who had been studying the space program • whom had been studying the space program • who had been studying the space program

  35. Verbs

  36. Subject-Verb Agreement The verb of a sentence must always agree with its subject: • If the subject is singular, then the verb must be singular. • If the subject is plural, then the verb must be plural.

  37. Subject-Verb Agreement The verb of a sentence must always agree with its subject: The best moment during a broadcast filled with many great moments were when the astronaut stepped out of the lunar lander and bounced on the moon.

  38. Subject-Verb Agreement The verb of a sentence must always agree with its subject: The best moment during a broadcast filled with many great moments were when the astronaut stepped out of the lunar lander and bounced on the moon.

  39. Subject-Verb Agreement The verb of a sentence must always agree with its subject: The best moment during a broadcast filled with many great moments were when the astronaut stepped out of the lunar lander and bounced on the moon.

  40. Subject-Verb Agreement The verb of a sentence must always agree with its subject: The best moment during a broadcast filled with many great moments was when the astronaut stepped out of the lunar lander and bounced on the moon.

  41. Subject-Verb Agreement The verb of a sentence must always agree with its subject: The best moment were when the astronaut stepped out of the lunar lander and bounced on the moon. ?

  42. Subject-Verb Agreement Be careful with subjects that are pronouns!

  43. Subject-Verb Agreement The verb must still agree with the subject, even if it is just a pronoun: Each of these moments have played in my mind again and again as I try to recapture the excitement of that momentous day in June.

  44. Subject-Verb Agreement The verb must still agree with the subject, even if it is just a pronoun: Each of these moments have played in my mind again and again as I try to recapture the excitement of that momentous day in June.

  45. Subject-Verb Agreement The verb must still agree with the subject, even if it is just a pronoun: Each of these moments have played in my mind again and again as I try to recapture the excitement of that momentous day in June.

  46. Subject-Verb Agreement The verb must still agree with the subject, even if it is just a pronoun: Each of these moments has played in my mind again and again as I try to recapture the excitement of that momentous day in June.

  47. Subject-Verb Agreement A strategy to use when you come across a subject-verb agreement question is to isolate the subject and the verb, even physically placing parentheses around all the extra words, phrases or clauses in between.

  48. Verb Tense

  49. Verb Tense A review… Present Tense (what is happening now): He runs the 440 in 50 seconds.

  50. Verb Tense A review… Past Tense (what happened entirely in the past): He ran the 440 in 50 seconds.