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Section 2-1

Section 2-1

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Section 2-1

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  1. Section 2-1 Bell ringer 1/13/14 Define these Key Terms • unicameral • apportion • line-item veto • commute • parole Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  2. Makeup of Legislatures Section 2-4 • State lawmaking bodies vary in ____ and ______, but most states call them ___________. • Except for Nebraska’s unicameral, or one-house, legislature, every state has an upper house (the _____) and a lower house (usually the _____ __ _______). (pages 287–288) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  3. Makeup of Legislatures Section 2-4 • State lawmaking bodies vary in name and size, but most states call them legislatures. • Except for Nebraska’s unicameral, or one-house, legislature, every state has an upper house (the senate) and a lower house (usually the house of representatives). (pages 287–288) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  4. Makeup of Legislatures (cont.) Section 2-5 • Senators usually serve __________; representatives, ___________. • The house usually has _________ as many members as the senate. • Members must be __________and live in the district they represent. • Usually they must be at least _____ years old. (pages 287–288) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  5. Makeup of Legislatures (cont.) Section 2-5 • Senators usually serve four-year terms; representatives, two-year terms. • The house usually has two to four times as many members as the senate. • Members must be American citizens and live in the district they represent. • Usually they must be at least 18 years old. (pages 287–288) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  6. How State Legislatures Function Section 2-8 • A _______________________ directs the house of representatives. • A __________or___________ directs the senate. • Ideas for bills may come from the __________, ________, __________, or __________. (page 288) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  7. How State Legislatures Function Section 2-8 • A speaker of the house directs the house of representatives. • A president or lieutenant governor directs the senate. • Ideas for bills may come from the governor, the executive branch, individuals, or legislators. (page 288) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  8. How State Legislatures Function (cont.) Section 2-10 What process does a bill follow on its way to becoming a state law? Use page 288 After a bill is introduced in the legislature, it goes to the appropriate committee. The committee studies it, holds hearings, and revises it as necessary. If the committee doesn’t kill it, it goes to the full house. A conference committee works out differences between versions. Finally, if both houses pass it and the governor signs it, it becomes law. (page 288) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the answer.

  9. Legislative Apportionment Section 2-11 • Every ____years, when the national census is taken, state legislatures _________ congressional districts. • ______________divide the state into a set of districts for senators and a different set for representatives. (page 289) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  10. Legislative Apportionment Section 2-11 • Every 10 years, when the national census is taken, state legislatures reexamine congressional districts. • State legislatures divide the state into a set of districts for senators and a different set for representatives. (page 289) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  11. Legislative Apportionment (cont.) Section 2-12 • Senate districts were once based on ______. • House districts were apportioned, or divided among districts, based on __________ • The result was ________ __________. (page 289) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  12. Legislative Apportionment (cont.) Section 2-12 • Senate districts were once based on land area. • House districts were apportioned, or divided among districts, based on population. • The result was unequal representation. (page 289) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  13. Legislative Apportionment (cont.) Section 2-13 • In __________, the Supreme Court ruled that federal courts can hear suits to force state authorities to _________ electoral districts. • Later, in ___________, the Court held that both chambers of state legislatures must be ____________ by population. (page 289) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.

  14. Legislative Apportionment (cont.) Section 2-13 • In Baker v. Carr, the Supreme Court ruled that federal courts can hear suits to force state authorities to redraw electoral districts. • Later, in Reynolds v. Sims, the Court held that both chambers of state legislatures must be apportioned by population. (page 289) Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.