flat panel display n.
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flat panel display

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  1. flat panel display

  2. Applied Materials • Applied Materials creates and commercializes nanomanufacturing technology used in the production of semiconductor (integrated circuit) chips for electronic gear, flat panel displays for computers and television, glass coatings for homes and buildings, web (flexible substrate) coatings for industry and photovoltaic solar cells and modules using both thin film and crystalline (wafer or bulk) photovoltaic technology.

  3. Field emission display • A field emission display (FED) is a display technology that incorporates flat panel display technology that uses large-area field electron emission sources to provide electrons that strike colored phosphor to produce a color image as an electronic visual display

  4. Cathode ray tube - Zeus thin CRT display • In the late 1990s and early 2000s Philips Research Laboratories experimented with a type of thin CRT known as the Zeus display which contained CRT-like functionality in a flat panel display. The devices were demonstrated but never marketed.

  5. Liquid crystal on silicon - History • At the 2004 CES, Intel announced plans for the large scale production of inexpensive LCoS chips for use in flat panel displays. These plans were cancelled in October 2004. Sony has made it to market (December 2005) with the Sony-VPL-VW100 or "Ruby" projector, using SXRD, 3 LCoS chips each with a native resolution of 1920×1080, with a stated contrast ratio of 15,000:1 using a dynamic iris.

  6. Liquid crystal on silicon - History • Whilst LCoS technology was initially touted as a technology to enable large-screen, high-definition, rear-projection televisions with very high picture quality at relatively low cost, the development of large-screen LCD and plasma flat panel displays obsoleted rear projection televisions. As of October 2013, LCoS-based rear-projection televisions are no longer produced.

  7. LED display • An LED display is a flat panel display, which uses an array of light-emitting diodes as a video display

  8. OLED - Advantages • The different manufacturing process of OLEDs lends itself to several advantages over flat panel displays made with LCD technology.

  9. Quantum dot display • A quantum dot display is a type of display technology used in flat panel displays as an electronic visual display

  10. Desktop computer - All-in-one • An all-in-one PC integrates the system's internal components into the same case as the display, allowing for easier portability and a smaller footprint, especially on designs using flat panel displays. Some recent all-in-one models also include touchscreen displays.

  11. Indium tin oxide - Common uses • ITO is often used to make transparent conductive coatings for displays such as liquid crystal displays, flat panel displays, plasma displays, touch panels, and electronic ink applications. Thin films of ITO are also used in organic light-emitting diodes, solar cells, antistatic coatings and EMI shieldings. In organic light-emitting diodes, ITO is used as the anode (hole injection layer).

  12. Plasma display • A plasma display panel (PDP) is a type of flat panel display common to large TV displays 30 inches (76 cm) or larger. They are called "plasma" displays because the technology utilizes small cells containing electrically charged ionized gases, or what are in essence chambers more commonly known as fluorescent lamps.

  13. Plasma display - 2006–2009 • Until the early 2000s, plasma displays were the most popular choice for HDTV flat panel display as they had many benefits over LCDs

  14. Time-multiplexed optical shutter • Time multiplexed optical shutter (TMOS) is a flat panel display technology developed, patented and commercialized by Uni-Pixel Displays, Inc. TMOS is based on the principles of total internal reflection (TIR), frustration of TIR (FTIR) and field sequential colour generation (FSC). These combination of features make it suitable for applications such as mobile phones, televisions and signalling systems.

  15. Liquid-crystal display • A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat panel display, electronic visual display, or video display that uses the light modulating properties of liquid crystals. Liquid crystals do not emit light directly.

  16. Interferometric modulator display • An IMOD-based reflective flat panel display includes hundreds of thousands of individual IMOD elements each a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)-based device.

  17. Interferometric modulator display - Details • It is this binary operation that is the basis for the IMOD's application in reflective flat panel displays

  18. ISO 13406-2 • ISO 13406-2 is an ISO standard, with the full title "Ergonomic requirements for work with visual displays based on flat panels -- Part 2: Ergonomic requirements for flat panel displays". It is best known to end consumers for defining a series of flat-panel display "classes" with different numbers of permitted defects (or "dead pixels"). ISO 13406-2 also provides a classification of Viewing Direction Range Classes and Reflection Classes.

  19. Electroluminescent display • Electroluminescent Displays (ELDs) are a type of Flat panel display created by sandwiching a layer of electroluminescent material such as GaAs between two layers of conductors. When current flows, the layer of material emits radiation in the form of visible light. Electroluminescence (EL) is an optical and electrical phenomenon where a material emits light in response to an electric current passed through it, or to a strong electric field.

  20. LED-backlit LCD display • A LED-backlit LCD display is a flat panel display which uses LED backlighting instead of the cold cathode fluorescent (CCFL) backlighting used by most other LCDs

  21. Microfabrication - Substrates • For optical devices or flat panel displays, transparent substrates such as glass or quartz are common

  22. Electronic paper • Unlike conventional backlit flat panel displays which emit light, electronic paper displays reflect light like ordinary paper, theoretically making it more comfortable to read, and giving the surface a wider viewing angle compared to conventional displays

  23. Low-voltage differential signaling • Early on, the notebook and LCD display vendors commonly used the term LVDS instead of FPD-Link when referring to their application, and the term LVDS has mistakenly become synonymous with Flat Panel Display Link in the video-display engineering vocabulary.

  24. Low-voltage differential signaling - Applications • The first commercially successful application for LVDS was in notebook computers transmitting video data from graphics processing units to the flat panel displays using the Flat Panel Display Link by National Semiconductor

  25. Low-voltage differential signaling - Applications • The applications for LVDS expanded to flat panel displays for consumer TVs as screen resolutions and color depths increased

  26. Low-voltage differential signaling - Applications • However, Digital Visual Interface (DVI) using TMDS over CML signals won the standards competition and became the standard for externally connecting desktop computers to monitors, and HDMI eventually became the standard for connecting digital video sources such as DVD players to flat panel displays in consumer applications.

  27. Emergency communication system - Communication devices • Examples include a digital electronic sign, a loud speaker that is part of a PA system, or a large flat panel display on a wall

  28. WEGA - History • Their Flat panel display|flat-panel LCD TVs were branded LCD WEGA until summer 2005 when they were rebranded BRAVIA (there are early promotional photos of the first BRAVIA TVs still bearing the WEGA label)

  29. Samsung - Brooks Automation Asia • Brooks Automation Asia Co., Ltd. is a joint venture between Brooks Automation (70%) and Samsung (30%) which was established in 1999. The venture locally manufactures and configure vacuum wafer handling platforms and 300mm Front-Opening Unified Pod (FOUP) load port modules, and designs, manufactures and configures atmospheric loading systems for flat panel displays.

  30. Organic light-emitting diode - Working principle • Kowalsky, [ Multilayer Organic Light Emitting Diodes for Flat Panel Displays], Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik, TU Braunschweig, 1995

  31. Wide VGA - 1366x768 • In 2006, 1366x768 was the most popular resolution for liquid crystal display televisions (versus XGA for Plasma display|Plasma TVs flat panel displays); by 2013, even this was relegated to only being used in smaller or cheaper displays (e.g. bedroom LCD TVs, or low-cost, large-format plasmas), cheaper laptop and mobile tablet computers, and midrange home cinema projectors, having otherwise been overtaken by higher full HD resolutions such as 1920x1080.

  32. LCD • A 'liquid-crystal display' ('LCD') is a flat panel display, electronic visual display, or video display that uses the light modulating properties of Liquid Crystals|liquid crystals. Liquid crystals do not emit light directly.

  33. Cave automatic virtual environment - General characteristics of the CAVE • The floor can be a downward-projection screen, a bottom projected screen or a flat panel display

  34. Portable computer - History • * The laptop (or notebook) with a flat panel display and computer keyboard|keyboard, requiring a seated position and both hands. A relatively recently introduced modification has been the Tablet computer|Tablet PC, which essentially is a laptop operated with a stylus on a touch-sensitive screen. See also desktop replacement computer, a large laptop designed to perform all of the functions of a desktop computer.

  35. Solar cell research - Transparent conductors • These conductive films are also used in the LCD industry for flat panel displays

  36. Fujifilm • Fujifilm's principal activities are the development, production, sale and servicing of color film, digital cameras, photofinishing equipment, color paper, photofinishing chemicals, medical imaging equipment, graphic arts equipment and materials, flat panel displays, optical devices, photocopiers and printers.

  37. HDV - HDV 1080i • Modern Flat panel display|flat-panel television sets that utilize Plasma Display|plasma and Liquid crystal display|LCD technology are inherently progressive

  38. Polarizing organic photovoltaics - Background • A liquid crystal display (LCD) is a flat panel display, electronic visual display, video display that uses the light modulating properties of Liquid Crystals|liquid crystals (LCs). LCs do not emit light directly. They are used in a wide range of applications, including computer monitors, television, instrument panels, laptops tablet computers etc. They are common in consumer devices such as video players, gaming devices, clocks, watches, calculators, and telephones.

  39. Boron - Other nonmedical uses • *Boric acid (also known as orthoboric acid) H3BO3 is used in the production of textile fiberglass and flat panel displays and in many PVAc and PVOH based adhesives.

  40. Display resolution • The 'display resolution' of a digital television, computer monitor or display device is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed. It can be an ambiguous term especially as the displayed resolution is controlled by different factors in cathode ray tube (CRT), Flat panel display which includes Liquid crystal displays, or projection displays using fixed picture-element (pixel) arrays.

  41. Liquid crystals - History • Heilmeier to perform research on a liquid crystal-based flat panel display to replace the cathode ray vacuum tube used in televisions

  42. Thick-film dielectric electroluminescent technology • The result is a unique flat panel display technology that provides iFire displays with high performance and low cost potential

  43. Conductive polymer - • This property has led to the development of flat panel displays using organic LEDs, Photovoltaic module|solar panels, and optical amplifiers.

  44. Surface-conduction electron-emitter display • SEDs combine the advantages of CRTs, namely their high contrast ratios, wide viewing angles and very fast Response time (technology)|response times, with the packaging advantages of LCD and other flat panel displays

  45. Active matrix addressing • 'Active matrix' is a type of addressing scheme used in flat panel displays. In this method of switching individual elements (pixels) of a flat panel display, each pixel is attached to a transistor and capacitor which actively maintain the pixel state while other pixels are being addressed. This is to be contrasted with the older passive matrix technology in which each pixel must maintain its state passively, without being driven by circuitry.

  46. Field emitter array - Applications • The main use of a FEA is in connection with a form of electronic information display (a flat panel display) known as a field emission display (or, more recently as a nano-emissive display.)

  47. Flat panel display • 'Flat panel displays' encompass a growing number of electronic visual display technologies. They are far lighter and thinner than traditional television sets and video displays that use cathode ray tubes (CRTs), and are usually less than thick. (Some CRTs were designed to have a flat front surface, and equipment using them was advertised as flat-screen, which can cause confusion.)

  48. Flat panel display • As of 2012, 50% of global market share in flat panel display (FPD) production are solely dominated by Taiwanese manufacturers such as AU Optronics and Chimei Innolux Corporation.

  49. Flat panel display - Static • Static flat panel displays rely on materials whose color states are bistable. This means that the image they hold requires no energy to maintain, but instead requires energy to change. This results in a much more energy-efficient display, but with a tendency towards slow refresh rates which are undesirable in an interactive display.

  50. Flat panel display - Static • Bistable flat panel displays are beginning deployment in limited applications (Cholesteric displays, manufactured by Magink, in outdoor advertising; electrophoretic displays in e-book products from Sony and iRex; anlabels).