The Fur Trade • Established trading companies searched to obtain the furs of many wild animals from native trappers. Voyageurs and coureurs du bois travelled the rivers of Canada, learning a great deal about survival in the wilderness from the native people. In exchange, native people were able to purchase European made goods, such as metal pots and pans, blankets, snares, weapons, and tools that made their lives easier. Alcohol was often used as a trading tool as well.
As we study this course, keep the following factors in mind: • TIME • PERSPECTIVES • IMPACT
What was the impact of the Fur Trade to Native Societies? • Create a list here…
Treaties in Canada were negoitiated • Indian treaties from 1725 - 1923 Two groups: Pre-Confederation treaties were made with the Crown through representatives of the British Government. Post-Confederation treaties were made with the Government of Canada.
Impact of TreatiesIndian Act 1876 – Goal to Assimilate • The Civilization of Indian Tribes Act expressly makes assimilation of Native people its goal. It is declared that Indians who are "sufficiently advanced education wise or capable of managing their own affairs" will be enfranchised.
Ceremonies Banned to assimilate Natives • Outlawed Native ceremonies such as Thirst Dance (Sun Dance); • Potlatch (Chinook trading language, meaning ‘to give’) in British Columbia. Potlatch is the equivalent of title deeds and acts of succession.
Enfranchisement to assimilate Natives • Enfranchisement - the legal processes by which Native peoples lost their Native status under the Indian Act. Women who married non-Native men and any children from that union lost their Status. These women were allowed to apply for re-enfranchisement through the passing of Bill C-31 in 1985
Residential Schools to assimilate Natives • In 1907, Dr. Peter Bryce, former Medical Inspector for the Department of Indian Affairs, determined that between 25 and 50 % of Aboriginal students who attended these schools died as a result of disease, racially-motivated abuse or some other reason.Source: Hidden from History: The Canadian Holocaust
Native Vote Granted in 1960 • Canadian Status Indians gain the right to vote in Federal Elections in 1960. • Ottawa begins to phase out Residential Schools (the last one closes 1988)
How would the perspectives differ regarding Native Assimilation? • British Perspective Native Perspective
What do the differing perspectives on cultural suppression/assimilation suggest about the importance of understanding the effects of cultural contact?
List 10 important cultural ceremonies that you, as a Canadian, like to participate in…
Residential Schools Watch the following videos on Candian Residential Schools We were not savages… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eGgAOVbTs1Y Indian Residential School abuse… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p1tiQB8gt5g
SS10U2L3 Lesson Chapter 7 – Read portions and answer questions Assignment Watch short video clip and submit your questions and answers to the dropbox.