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Unit 1 – Who is God?

Unit 1 – Who is God?

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Unit 1 – Who is God?

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  1. Unit 1 – Who is God? 7th Grade Religion

  2. The Source of All Life Chapter One

  3. Aristotle’s “Proofs” • There must have been a first cause • There must have been a designer • There must have been a prime mover • There must have been a necessary being • There must be an ultimate beauty, goodness and truth

  4. God created us to know him. • Our questions about life leads us to recognize that there is a greater presence that transcends everything • This greater presence is God • God created us and gave us his own breath of life (Genesis 2:7) • God not only created us – he created us to reflect who he is • God created us to KNOW him, and we strive to do that our whole lives

  5. God makes himself known • It is part of human nature to search for God • “The desire for God is written in the human heart” (CCC, 27) • DIVINE REVELATION: God’s making himself known • HW Reflection: What is your image of God and why? Submit through website or write on looseleaf.

  6. God’s Revelations • God gave us life and spoke to us • God created a special relationship with Abraham and Sarah, and made their descendants his “chosen people” • God helped free these chosen people, the Israelites from slavery in Egypt • God gave them The Ten Commandments, revealing how they should live • God sent us his only Son, Jesus

  7. Jesus fulfilled God’s plan for humanity • Jesus died for all humanity, offering salvation • SALVATION: the forgiveness of sins and restoration of humanity’s friendship with God • Through Jesus’ words and deeds, we encounter God among us • God fully reveals who he is in the words and deeds of Jesus Christ

  8. God gives us the gift of faith. • Archeological evidence shows that since ancient times almost all people have practiced a religion of some kind • Human being have a natural tendency to be religious • FAITH: the gift from God that • Enables us to believe in God • Accept all he has revealed • Respond with love for God and others • Faith enables us to go beyond our doubts and concerns about life and believe that God is always with us

  9. Who are God’s people? • “All religions bear witness to men’s essential search for God.” (CCC 2566) • Most religions have three features in common: • A set of beliefs • Values or moral laws • Prayers, rituals, or specific ways to worship • POLYTHEISM: belief that there are many gods • MONOTHEISM: belief in one god (Christianity, Judaism, and Islam)

  10. Who are God’s people? (cont.) • As Catholics, we share the bond of baptism with other Christians • We also trust that people of other religions who follow their conscience and live their faith can share in eternal life with God

  11. Who are God’s people? (cont.) • “The Holy Spirit in a manner known only to God offers to every man the possibility of salvation” (Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, 22) • ECUMENICAL MOVEMENT: the Catholic Church’s effort to create goodwill among Christians everywhere

  12. The Church gives witness to God’s presence. • In Jesus, ‘the whole of God’s truth has been made manifest.” (CCC, 2466) • MANIFEST: to make certain by showing

  13. The Church gives witness to God’s presence. • God becomes fully reveled through Jesus • Jesus, the second Person in the Blessed Trinity, lived his entire life saying “Yes” to God the Father • Jesus showed us God’s love by loving and caring for other people, especially people in need • Jesus gathered followers to carry on his work. Theses followers formed a community that worked and lived as Jesus did. • CHURCH: community of people who • Believe in Jesus Christ • Have been baptized in him • Follow his teachings

  14. The Church gives witness to God’s presence. (cont.) • We become members of the Church at the sacrament of baptism • We receive the gift of grace during the sacrament • GRACE: a sharing in God’s life and friendship

  15. Essay Question (4 points) • Through events that we can read about in the Bible, God gradually revealed who he is and how much he loves humankind. List and explain three examples. Then explain how God makes himself known to you.

  16. The Truth Revealed Seventh Grade Religion Chapter Two

  17. In what ways can I find truth? • In what ways can you separate fact from fiction? • McDonald’s Filet-O-Fish sandwich was developed in 1962 to draw Catholics to the popular hamburger restaurant on Fridays when they could not eat meat. • The Bible is the best-selling book of all time. • Early Christian burial sites were called catacombs because the deceased were buried with their pet cats and favorite hairbrushes.

  18. In what ways can I find truth? • The United States has the most Catholics of any country in the World. • Popes originally began wearing pointy hats to keep their heads warm during the winter. • What are other examples of stories from history or life in general that we know are not true, yet some people still believe in?

  19. How do you determine what is true? • What sources do you use to discover the truth? • How can you sort out what is just a rumor? • How can you distinguish fact from opinion? • How can you discover what is downright false?

  20. Scripture and Tradition reveal the truth • God reveals the truth through Scripture and Tradition • Scripture – the written account of God’s Revelation and his relationship with his people • Divine Inspiration – the special guidance given by the Holy Spirit to the human authors of the Bible

  21. Scripture and Tradition reveal the truth • Tradition – the Revelation of the good news of Jesus Christ as lived out in the Church, past and present: • Her teachings • Her documents • Her worship, prayer and other practices

  22. Scripture and Tradition reveal the truth • God’s truth is communicated through both the written word of the Scripture and the living message of Tradition • Both are inspired by the Holy Spirit and are essential for teaching us how to live as God’s people

  23. The truth is written in Scripture • Bible – collection of 73 books written over a span of almost 2,000 years; developed by: • Religious experiences led to spreading stories by word of mouth • Inspired by the Holy Spirit, these stories were written down • People would meet and study these writings in synagogues, gathering places to study the Scripture

  24. The truth is written in Scripture • After Jesus Christ, communities of Christians formed to teach others • As people who knew Jesus firsthand began to die, the Gospels were written • Gospels – accounts of God’s Revelation through Jesus Christ • Other followers wrote the epistles, letters to early Christian communities about God’s Revelation in Jesus • New Testament – Gospels, epistles, Acts of the Apostles, Book of Revelations

  25. The truth in handed down in tradition • No written record, not even the Scripture, can pass from generation to generation and capture all it means to be a disciple of Jesus • Scripture needs tradition to shed light on its meaning • Tradition came first before scripture, when early Christians handed on what they had learned from Christ

  26. The Church lives by the truth • DEPOSIT OF FAITH– all the truth contained in scripture and tradition that Christ revealed and entrusted to the apostles and thus their successors, the bishops and the entire Church • The Church grows in knowledge of truth as a community by: • Gathering to worship • Reading the scripture • Praying together

  27. The Church lives by the truth • MAGESTERIUM – the living teaching office of the Church, consisting of the Popes and bishops • The Holy Spirit guides the Magisterium to help it in its understanding the teaching of scripture • Each generation continues to build and share on the beliefs of the apostles

  28. The Blessed Trinity Chapter 3

  29. God is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit • Blessed Trinity – the three Divine Persons in one God: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit • God the Son – became man and lived among us in the person of Jesus Christ • God the Father – our creator, was at work in everything Jesus said and did

  30. God is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit • God the Holy Spirit – empowered Jesus to teach and to share God’s love • The loving relationship of Father, Son and Holy Spirit is a perfect unity • God desires that through our relationships we express the perfect unity found in the loving relationships of the Trinity

  31. God is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit • As human beings, we are unable to fully understand The Trinity. • This makes it a mystery of our faith, a truth we know only because God has revealed it to us.

  32. The mystery of the Blessed Trinity is central to our faith • All of our beliefs as Catholics revolve around the mystery of the Blessed Trinity because it is the mystery of who God is • The words Father, Son and Holy Spirit express the relationship between the three Divine Persons and are essential to our relationship with God • We are baptized “in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit”. All who are baptized are one as the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are one

  33. God calls us to live our faith in loving relationships • Because we are made in God’s image, we are meant for loving relationships • Because we are made in God’s image, we are also called to live as disciples of Jesus • The Great Commandment of Jesus – love God with all your heart, soul and mind. Love your neighbor as yourself

  34. God calls us to live our faith in loving relationships • Jesus taught that we must love people who are difficult to like • As a disciple of Jesus, we are called to loving relationships with everyone

  35. God calls us to share his love with the world • Evangelization – sharing of the good news of Jesus Christ, and the love of God with all people • How do we evangelize? • Speak and act in ways that reflect God’s love • Tell others about the things that Christ did • Show through our words and deeds what it means to be a disciple • We must know our faith to evangelize

  36. Examples of Evangelization

  37. Putting Faith to Work • We learned – that the Blessed Trinity is the mystery of the loving relationship of one God in three Divine Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit • We appreciate – that our faith in the Trinity calls us to loving relationships with God and one another • We live – our faith in the Trinity through loving relationships

  38. God, Our Loving Father Chapter Four

  39. God loves all he has created • God’s love for human beings is everlasting • The two accounts of creation in the Old Testament shows life as a gift the God gives us out of his great love • In the first account of creation, God creates humans first and makes them his partner in caring for creation

  40. God invites us into a loving relationship with him • Throughout the Old Testament, God invites people to share in his love and be part of a covenant relationship with him • Covenant is a solemn agreement between God and his people • Covenant with Noah – floods would never again destroy life on Earth

  41. God invites us into a loving relationship with him • Covenant with Abraham • if Sarah and Abraham believed in the one true God, they would have a son, Isaac • they would become the Israelites; God’s chosen people • The message of the Old Testament covenants is that God loves us, wants the best for us, and invites us to respond by living as he calls us to live

  42. God is merciful and gives us laws out of love • Human beings are not always faithful to God. • God always shows his mercy, his forgiveness and love • Examples from the Old Testament: • Book of Exodus, Moses leads Israelites from slavery in Egypt • At Mt. Sinai, God gives Moses the Ten Commandments out of love • While Moses is away, Israelites forget their true god and worship a false one • God forgives them, is merciful, when they turn back to him

  43. Jesus Christ is the greatest sign of God’s love • Providence – God’s plan for and protection of all creation • God sent Jesus, the greatest sign of his love, to be our Savior • How did Jesus show God’s love? • Healed those suffering • Taught people to be faithful to God • Showed respect and love for all • Forgave those who hurt him

  44. Saint Teresa of Avila • Born in Avila, Spain in 1515 • Entered convent as a teenager to be educated • Felt the nuns should live more simply • So she started her own order the “barefooted” Carmelites • Focused on living simply, praying and sharing God’s love as a community • Named a Doctor of the Church • Feast day is October 15th

  45. Jesus Christ, the Good News Chapter 5

  46. We meet God in his Son, Jesus Christ • Incarnation – the truth that the Son of God, the second person of the Blessed Trinity, became man and lived among us • Jesus Christ came to proclaim the good news to everyone • Jesus Christ is both truly divine and truly human at the same time – true God and true man

  47. We meet God in his Son, Jesus Christ • Jesus is like us in all ways except that he did not sin • He changed human life forever: • Taught us to live in complete love and friendship with God • Saved us from anything that could separate us from God’s love and friendship

  48. We meet Jesus in the Four Gospels • Gospel – good news • Four Gospels: • In the New Testament • Written accounts of Jesus’ life • Authored by Matthew, Mark, Luke and John

  49. We meet Jesus in the Four Gospels • How did they develop? • Jesus lived, taught, died and rose to save us • Eyewitnesses to Jesus’ life shared their experiences by word of mouth • Authors of the Gospels, inspired by the Holy Spirit, wrote what was handed down • Each gospel writer was writing for his own community so focused on different aspects of Christ’s life

  50. Gospel Cycle • Three year cycle for Gospel readings at Mass • Year A, B, C • During Ordinary Time in year A Gospel readings are from Matthew • Year B – Mark • Year C – Luke • During other seasons, they are mostly from the Gospel of John