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AP Psych DMA

AP Psych DMA

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AP Psych DMA

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  1. AP Psych DMA • What are mirror neurons? • Describe the results of Watson & Rayner’s study of Little Albert. Don’t forget to write down the question & to leave room for your answers.

  2. Today’s Agenda • DMA • Review for Chap 8 Test • “speed dating” Homework: • Chap. 8 notes due Thursday, Oct. 27th • Chap. 8 test – Thursday, Oct. 27th • Self Experiment due Monday, Nov. 28th

  3. What is speed dating?

  4. Everyone needs to grab a textbook…

  5. “Speed Dating” Review Create 2 circles with the desks • One inside the other • Equal # of desks in each circle • Desks need to face each other • Set your textbook on your desk & have a seat

  6. “Speed Dating” Review • You are on a “date” with the person you are sitting across from. • On your “date” you will: • Introduce yourself & answer a silly dating question. • Discuss/answer the questions on the smartboard. • Even if you know the answer – LOOK UP the information in the textbook & go over it. • When Wheeler says “move” – everyone in the middle circle will get up and move one desk to the right.

  7. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question What do you look for in a boyfriend/girlfriend?

  8. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook B. F. Skinner's critics have claimed that he neglected the importance of the individual's: • personal freedom. • early childhood experiences. • pleasure-seeking tendencies. • cultural background. Page 332 John B. Watson considered himself to be a(n): • physiological psychologist. • cognitive psychologist. • behaviorist. • psychoanalyst. • operant conditioner. Page 312

  9. Everyone in the inner circle – move to the right New “date”

  10. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question What is your favorite type of restaurant?

  11. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook Purchasing state lottery tickets is reinforced with monetary winnings on a ________ schedule. • fixed-interval • variable-interval • fixed-ratio • variable-ratio Page327 The desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment involves: • latent learning. • extrinsic motivation. • partial reinforcement. • delayed reinforcers. Page 330

  12. Everyone in the inner circle – move to the right New “date”

  13. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question How many children do you want to have?

  14. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook In Pavlov's experiments, the dog's salivation triggered by the taste of food was a(n): • conditioned response. • unconditioned response. • unconditioned stimulus. • conditioned stimulus. Page 313 By learning to associate a squirt of water with an electric shock, sea snails demonstrate the process of: • habituation. • spontaneous recovery. • classical conditioning. • observational learning. • operant conditioning. Page309, 311

  15. Everyone in the inner circle – move to the right New “date”

  16. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question What is your family like?

  17. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook When people pressed their arms upward rather than downward while observing unfamiliar Chinese symbols, they subsequently rated these stimuli more positively. This best illustrates the impact of: • the overjustification effect. • associative learning. • latent learning. • generalization. • shaping. Page 310 Last year, Dr. Moritano cleaned Natacha's skin with rubbing alcohol prior to administering each of a series of painful rabies vaccination shots. Which of the following processes accounts for the fact that Natacha currently becomes fearful every time she smells rubbing alcohol? • observational learning • classical conditioning • the overjustificationeffect • operant conditioning • latent learning Page 312

  18. Everyone in the inner circle – move to the right New “date”

  19. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question What are some of your goals?

  20. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook Makayla developed an intense fear of flying five years ago when she was in a plane crash. The fact that today she can again fly without distress indicates that her fear has undergone: • spontaneous recovery. • extinction. • generalization. • discrimination. Page 316 A child's fear at the sight of a hypodermic needle is a(n): • conditioned response. • unconditioned stimulus. • conditioned stimulus. • unconditioned response. Page 314

  21. Everyone in the inner circle – move to the right New “date”

  22. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question Where do you see yourself in 10 years?

  23. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook Nikki has learned to expect the sound of thunder whenever she sees a flash of lightning. This suggests that associative learning involves: • the overjustification effect. • cognitive processes. • spontaneous recovery. • continuous reinforcement. • shaping. Page 317 Toddlers taught to fear speeding cars may also begin to fear speeding trucks and motorcycles. This best illustrates: • generalization. • secondary reinforcement. • shaping. • latent learning. • spontaneous recovery. Page 316

  24. Everyone in the inner circle – move to the right New “date”

  25. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question Do you like to dance?

  26. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook After he was spanked on several occasions by his mother for spilling his milk, Colin developed a strong fear of his mother. In this case, spanking is a(n) ________ for Colin's fear • negative reinforcer • conditioned stimulus • secondary reinforcer • unconditioned stimulus Page 320-321 Garcia and Koelling's studies of taste aversion in rats demonstrated that classical conditioning is constrained by: • cognitive processes. • biological predispositions. • environmental factors. • continuous reinforcement. • latent learning. Page 318

  27. Everyone in the inner circle – move to the right New “date”

  28. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question What is your favorite movie?

  29. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook B. F. Skinner's work elaborated what E. L. Thorndike had called: • shaping. • behaviorism. • observational learning. • the law of effect. • latent learning. Page 323 Laurie's thumbsucking has become habitual because she begins to feel less anxious whenever she sucks her thumb. This best illustrates the process of: • generalization. • extinction. • classical conditioning. • latent learning. • operant conditioning. Page 323

  30. Everyone in the inner circle – move to the right New “date”

  31. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question Describe your dream vacation.

  32. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook Which of the following is the best example of a conditioned reinforcer? • applause for an excellent piano recital • a spanking for eating cookies before dinner • a cold root beer for mowing the lawn on a hot day • termination of shock after removing one's finger from a live electric wire Page 325 An animal trainer is teaching a miniature poodle to balance on a ball. Initially, he gives the poodle a treat for approaching the ball, then only for placing its front paws on the ball, and finally only for climbing on the ball. The trainer is using the method of: • successive approximations. • delayed reinforcement. • latent learning. • classical conditioning. • secondary reinforcement. Page 324

  33. Everyone in the inner circle – move to the right New “date”

  34. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question Do you prefer sunsets or sunrises?

  35. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook Asking women for dates is most likely to be reinforced on a ________ schedule. • fixed-interval • fixed-ratio • variable-interval • variable-ratio Page 327 A response is learned most rapidly and is most resistant to extinction if it is acquired under conditions of ________ reinforcement followed by ________ reinforcement. • continuous; partial • primary; secondary • partial; continuous • secondary; primary Page 326

  36. Everyone in the inner circle – move to the right New “date”

  37. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question Do you like long walks on the beach?

  38. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook Operant response rates remain highest when individuals anticipate that their behavior will actually lead to further reinforcement. This best illustrates the importance of ________ in operant conditioning. • secondary reinforcers • cognitive processes • biological predispositions • the overjustificationeffect • spontaneous recovery Page 329 The use of physical punishment may: • lead to the suppression but not the forgetting of undesirable behavior. • demonstrate that aggression is a way of coping with problems. • lead people to fear and avoid the punishing agent. • do all of the above. Page 328-329

  39. Everyone in the inner circle – move to the right New “date”

  40. Introduce yourself to your “date” & answer this question What is your favorite color?

  41. Discuss/answer these questionsLook-up the info in the textbook Children are especially likely to behave aggressively after viewing TV violence in which an attractive person commits ________ violence that causes ________ visible pain or harm. • justified; no • unjustified; no • justified; a lot of • unjustified; a lot of Page 338 According to B. F. Skinner, human behavior is controlled primarily by: • biological predispositions. • external influences. • emotions. • unconscious motives. • conscious intentions. Page 332