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Technology. William Engeler, COMS. What is “ technology ” ?. Technology Defined:. A manner of accomplishing a task especially using technical processes, methods, or knowledge. Assistive Technology Defined:.

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  1. Technology William Engeler, COMS

  2. What is “technology”?

  3. Technology Defined: A manner of accomplishing a task especially using technical processes, methods, or knowledge. Assistive Technology Defined: An umbrella term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities and also includes the process used in selecting, locating, and using them.

  4. Assistive Technology:Challenges and Needs • 57% of TVIs lack adequate confidence about teaching assistive technology • TVIs lack knowledge in 55 of 74 competencies • Students do not learn to use assistive technology because of this lack of confidence and knowledge which ultimately leads to a lack of opportunity for students (Zhou, Smith, Parker, & Griffin-Shirley 2011)

  5. Areas with Lack of Knowledge or Skill • Braille Literacy • AT for MIVI • Prescribing AT devices • The use of most AT devices • Strategies for teaching AT • Assessing and Recommending and Using AT in different environments • Teaching students to access information • Professional Development

  6. How can YOU learn to use and teach technology to YOUR students?

  7. Recommendations • Self Learning • Provide University Programs • Advocacy for comprehensive preparation programs • AT In-service training • An AT support system for TVIs

  8. Compensatory Skills • BrailleNote • Word Processing • Bluetooth and Wifi • Media Player • Voice Memos • Web Browser • eMail • Daily Planner • Address List • Book Reader • Stop Watch • Scientific Calculator • $6195.00 • ZoomText • Enlarges computer screen • JAWS • Screen reader software

  9. Orientation and Mobility • Trekker Breeze GPS • Turn by turn navigation • Mark points of interest • $895 • Braille Note GPS • Software for the Braille Note

  10. Social Interaction • Communication board • Yes/No button

  11. Independent Living • Bill Reader • Color Reader • Talking Watch • Talking Calculator • Ruby Magnifier • Light Detector

  12. Recreation and Leisure • Chess and other board games • Descriptive Video Service • Video Games

  13. Career Education Computer Internet Research

  14. Do you think it would be possible for one device to perform almost every task I just described? x

  15. New Developments in Technology • Tongue Vision • Sonar • Laser • Nanotechnology • Artificial Intelligence Ray Kurzweil • Transcendent Man • Kurzweilai.net

  16. The Smart Phone iPhone Nokia N82 Samsung Galaxy Droid

  17. Compensatory Skills • Siri • VoiceOver • Zoom • Large text • White on Black • iSense (iPad) • Refreshable Braille display (iPad)

  18. Orientation and Mobility

  19. Social Interaction

  20. Independent Living

  21. Recreation and Leisure

  22. Career Education

  23. Who wouldn’t benefit from a smart phone or ipad?

  24. Liquid Level Indicator Talking Blood Pressure Monitor Color Reader Talking Watch PenFriend Talk to the Wilson – Voice Recorder Talking Timer Talking thermometer – cooking and health Magnifiers Devices for the Elderly

  25. Tell me about an AT device that you have used with a student…

  26. Technology Assessment • Text access – with and without aids • Learning media proficiency – reading rates • Auditory comprehension • Keyboard use – braille or qwerty • Use of a pointing device (ie. Mouse) • Production equipment • Choose appropriate types of materials • http://www.tsbvi.edu/resources/21-technology/1005-vi-technology-assessment- Gives forms and checklists for assessing AT competencies and needs.

  27. “The rapid advancement of technologies holds the power either to widen or to narrow the gap between the general population and the population with visual impairments in their ability to participate in society.It is the way teachers of students with visual impairments deal with the challenge that will determine the future of students with visual impairments.”(Zhou, Smith, Parker, & Griffin-Shirley 2011)

  28. iPad Videos • iPad intro ad: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyEpaPEbjzI&list=PLB8063382B15F056F&index=4&feature=plpp_video • iPad learning ad: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_5i1Dyj5k1A&list=PLB8063382B15F056F&index=1&feature=plpp_video • iPad medical animation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjTG9BptaDo&list=PLB8063382B15F056F&index=8&feature=plpp_video • iPad skeletal system: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HVMIX5ISIVo&list=PLB8063382B15F056F&index=9&feature=plpp_video • Learning the alphabet on the iPad: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DTNLQfEJUBs&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=34&feature=plpp_video • iPad for special needs children: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dxN7xxrKuGc&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=36&feature=plpp_video • Communication board apps for iPad: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W-eWvnWMx6c&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=37&feature=plpp_video • iPad for autism: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=31yEs9itueE&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=39&feature=plpp_video • iPad iBooks voiceover: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aB0kyBzBDT4&list=PLB8063382B15F056F&index=10&feature=plpp_video • iPad voiceover: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mLinxFSic_4&list=PLB8063382B15F056F&index=11&feature=plpp_video • Apple iBooks: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b9-Yut61oj0&list=PLB8063382B15F056F&index=2&feature=plpp_video • iPad maps: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Plbciin_5g&list=PLB8063382B15F056F&index=5&feature=plpp_video • iPad FaceTime: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KtWhOR3Gkcw&list=PLB8063382B15F056F&index=6&feature=plpp_video • iPad accordion: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eWAHAgcX2Pc&list=PLBCEC543E0DD996D8&index=2&feature=plpp_video • iPad piano: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iv2yWjI0oMc&list=PLBCEC543E0DD996D8&index=1&feature=plpp_video • iPad drums: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tgUXUIjvGQY&list=PLBCEC543E0DD996D8&index=3&feature=plpp_video • iPad guitar: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FyZxtQAP3jE&list=PLBCEC543E0DD996D8&index=4&feature=plpp_video

  29. Classroom AT Videos • JAWS for Windows: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=si1_iR5lbyg&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=23&feature=plpp_video • Braille notetaker: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J5nviwgNUas&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=24&feature=plpp_video • Interactive whiteboards: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uBX_raHKhtA&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=25&feature=plpp_video • Tactile Image Enhancer: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a8tTFVMTf7o&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=26&feature=plpp_video • The Sal 2: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XvTaGZFs82w&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=27&feature=plpp_video • The Mountbatten: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YM6GtXOi9iY&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=28&feature=plpp_video • Window Eyes intro: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O7DGC_2xJTA&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=1&feature=plpp_video • Window Eyes user: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2NJhgTYjaSw&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=2&feature=plpp_video

  30. Classroom AT Videos Cont. • SARA: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8VWXLc6Iw0U&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=4&feature=plpp_video • Ruby: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j3yMRLfkSN4&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=5&feature=plpp_video • Intellikeys: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h9hdMJmAZ5Q&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=6&feature=plpp_video • Laptops, Braille Displays, Screen Readers & Screen Enlargement - Assistive Technology: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lLaUx7BJ4r0&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=7&feature=plpp_video • Write Track: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1gjF68nptBQ&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=8&feature=plpp_video • Dragon Naturally Speaking with wheelchair user: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BsZo1p_5-o4&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=9&feature=plpp_video • Thoughts on AT by man with CP: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2yujWBQsOw0&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=11&feature=plpp_video • Thoughts on AT by woman with CP: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TuhT6TVQuk8&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=12&feature=plpp_video • “The Case Against Assistive Technology”: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lNs88Ki1WSo&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=14&feature=plpp_video

  31. Personal Stories • Boy’s story: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MfrH1zLESV8&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=15&feature=plpp_video • Man’s story: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gc4HGQHgeFE&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=16&feature=plpp_video • Woman in Ethiopia: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gXb7BGbYhbw&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=3&feature=plpp_video

  32. Kurzweil - the exponential growth of technology: • Part 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLe_LZV9Uz0&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=20&feature=plpp_video • Part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W6cXWL-hnm8&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=21&feature=plpp_video • Part 3: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GoON1G3dnjA&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=22&feature=plpp_video Other New Technology • Tongue Brainport: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNkw28fz9u0&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=29&feature=plpp_video • iGlasses: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4pamZQzhB68&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=30&feature=plpp_video • Deafblind devices: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_oUoWLiUo-k&list=PLC80D33FB0121AA34&index=32&feature=plpp_video

  33. Smart Phone Technology • Typing Braille on iPhone screen – no other devices • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k5snVu5q2b8&list=PLC14B50C050CE73AC&index=2&feature=plpp_video • Barcode reader for iPhone: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BcLyx0bi1iU&list=PLC14B50C050CE73AC&index=5&feature=plpp_video • Apple iPhone 4S Siri TV ad: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ba0tZ_P5cg&list=PLC14B50C050CE73AC&index=6&feature=plpp_video • Another Siri ad: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8uS6d7fsPnM&list=PLC14B50C050CE73AC&index=7&feature=plpp_video • iPhone 4S ad: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rNsrl86inpo&list=PLC14B50C050CE73AC&index=8&feature=plpp_video • iPhone connected wirelessly with refreshable Braille display: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gd10syL5RLY&list=PLC14B50C050CE73AC&index=10&feature=plpp_video • PenFriend label recorder/reader: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WxboGwZfWCI&list=PLC14B50C050CE73AC&index=11&feature=plpp_video • Using the iPhone as a magnifier: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PmD4RMzak3M&list=PLC14B50C050CE73AC&index=12&feature=plpp_video • Dragon Dictation & Vlingo: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J8HRUMpGwqc&list=PLC14B50C050CE73AC&index=13&feature=plpp_video • Future for Vlingo: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4amvRLG4un8&list=PLC14B50C050CE73AC&index=14&feature=plpp_video • Samsung Galaxy S2: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ClyuhA3tpGA&list=PLC14B50C050CE73AC&index=15&feature=plpp_video

  34. Resources • Resources: http://www.99main.com/~charlief/vi/adaptive.html • Products: http://www.99main.com/~charlief/vi/products.html • Recreation: http://www.99main.com/~charlief/vi/recreation.html • Services: http://www.99main.com/~charlief/vi/reading.html • Free Downloads • Project Gutenberg E-Books • Ebook Library at the Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia – • The On-Line Books Page • Audio Books • Audible.com • Audio Books. • Books On TapeTaped Editions

  35. References Apple, Inc. (2011). Accessibility. Retrieved from http://www.apple.com/accessibility/iphone/vision.html Howells, Rita (Personal Communication, 11/1/2011) Field Supervisor, Department of Human Services, Bureau of Blind Services, Carbondale, IL. Kurzweil, Ray (2010). IBM Impact 2010: Day 3 – Ray Kurzweil. Online video accessed 11/1/2008 at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLe_LZV9Uz0 Ponchilla, P. E. & Ponchilla, S. V. (1996). Foundations of Rehabilitation Teaching with Persons Who are Blind or Visually Impaired. New York, NY: AFB Press. Wicab, Inc. Brain Port Technologies. Retrieved from http://vision.wicab.com/technology/ Zhou, L., Smith, D. W., Parker, A.T., & Griffin-Shirley, N. (2011). Assistive Technology Competencies of Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments: A comparison of Perceptions. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 105,533-547.

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