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Observational Learning

Observational Learning

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Observational Learning

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Observational Learning

  2. Observe and imitate • Examples?

  3. Mirror Neurons • Humans • Mirror system • Isolate to an area, not a particular neuron • Monkeys • Frontal cortex • Fire when doing or watching others do certain actions • Single neuron fires for either

  4. Interesting implications • Neuronal basis for perceiving other’s emotions, and sensations, intentions • Development of empathy • Language development

  5. Early research • Bandura & Bobo dolls • Video clip

  6. Variables • Model’s characteristics • Similar • Successful • Admirable • Model’s consistency • Model’s actual reinforcements/punishment (or expected)

  7. TV • Violence • Correlational evidence • Experimental evidence

  8. Violence effect • Imitation • Desensitization

  9. Media Violence and Aggression • Link represented 2nd largest correlation • Only association between smoking and lung cancer stronger • Is stronger than • Condom use and sexually transmitted HIV • Passive smoke and lung cancer • Exposure to lead and IQ scores in kids • Nicotine patch and smoking cessation • Calcium intake and bone mass

  10. Imitation • Therapeutic models • Tip jars • Others are helping, so we do too. • Copycat crimes, etc.