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Settler Activity: GCSE Exam Practise PowerPoint Presentation
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Settler Activity: GCSE Exam Practise

Settler Activity: GCSE Exam Practise

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Settler Activity: GCSE Exam Practise

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  1. Study each population pyramid & answer the questions below for each graph: Describe and give reasons for the population pyramid (4 marks) Study the population pyramid shown and say which stage it is in - in the Demographic Transition Model - give reasons for your answer (3 marks). Study both population pyramids and answer the question below: 3) Describe and explain the differences between the two population pyramids shown Settler Activity: GCSE Exam Practise Model Answer: Question 1) Describe & give reason for the population pyramid of Somalia (4 marks) The population pyramid of Somalia has steep sides, meaning there is a high death rate (1 mark). In addition there is a wide base, which means high birth rate (1 mark). Therefore, the steep pyramid profile suggests a youthful population. The reasons for this are….? (Key Points: Stage 1 DTM Model, LEDC Country, Limited Health Care, agriculture / traditional economy & first stage of Rostow model etc.)

  2. Settler Activity: Helpful Worksheet • Main features: • Narrow base with many women having less than two children • Women are marrying later • Contraception is universal in countries such as Britain • Excellent medical care and high standards of living mean the infant death rate is low - most children live to middle and old age • Death rates are low and are only high in extreme old age which gives the pyramid its straight sides • On average women can expect to live to 83 years and men to 76 years • High number of elderly dependents with more females than men • Main Features: • The wide base indicates a high proportion of children • Large families reflect the low status of women, early marriages, lack of education and little family planning available • The steep sides show that the death rate is high for both the young and adults • Life expectancy is also low with few people reaching old age • High death rates reflect the lack of medication, clean water and regular food supplies • Populations are growing rapidly and in the case of Somalia are expected to double in 25 years

  3. The Rostow model is… We are learning about the Rostow model because… The 5 main stages of the model are… • Learning Outcomes: • To describe the main features of the Rostow model of development and relate this to the changes in population structure for a given country. • To identify how the birth and death rate of a country changes as a country becomes more wealthy.

  4. 1) Study each population pyramid & answer the questions below for each graph: • Describe and give reasons for the population pyramid (4 marks) • 2x1 mark available for describing the population pyramid e.g. a wide base for a high birth rate. • 2x1 mark available for giving reasons for the shape of pyramid e.g. high birth rate reflect lack of contraception and birth control. • Study the population pyramid shown and say which stage it is in - in the Demographic Transition Model - give reasons for your answer (3 marks). • Study both population pyramids and answer the question below: • 3) Describe and explain the differences between the two population pyramids shown

  5. Rostow’s Model of Development

  6. Traditional Subsistence Economy • Agricultural • Little Manufacturing of goods. • Few external links to other countries • Low levels of population growth • High birth and death rate • Most people live in villages Preconditions for take-off • External links other countries developed • Resources increasingly exploited by developed countries. • Countries begin to develop urban system (simplecities) • Most of the population live simple housing. A small parentage become more wealthy. • Population increases

  7. Take-off to maturity • Economy expands rapidly – especially manufacturing goods • Population attracted to urban areas for jobs • Cities grow rapidly in size • Country become more organised e.g. health, transport, water etc. • Drive to maturity (Sustained growth) • Diversification of the economy • Development of the service industry • Growth spreads to other regions & sectors • Population growth slows/stabilises • E.g. Greece. • Age of mass-consumption • Advanced urban-industrial systems • High production & consumption of consumer goods • Population growth slows considerable