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Health Hazards & HAZCOM - GHS PowerPoint Presentation
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Health Hazards & HAZCOM - GHS

Health Hazards & HAZCOM - GHS

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Health Hazards & HAZCOM - GHS

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Health Hazards&HAZCOM - GHS Developed by: Construction Safety Council 4100 Madison Street Hillside, IL 60162 (800) 552-7744 www.buildsafe.org

  2. Welcome to…Health Hazards in Construction Construction & utility workers are exposed to a variety of health hazards everyday. These men and women have the potential for becoming sick, ill and disabled for life. Learn the health hazards on your job and know how to protect yourself… Sadly, these health hazards (e.g., dangerous dust and other chemicals) can be unexpectedly brought home…

  3. Learning Objective TLO: Comply with OSHA’s new Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) and function within the Globally Harmonized System of Classification & Labeling of Chemicals.

  4. Learning Objective EO: Identify the purpose, scope, benefits, elements and effective dates of GHS. EO: Compare and contrast GHS with HCS. EO: Define the 16 physical and 10 health hazard classifications. EO: Describe the requirements of a 16-section SDS. EO: List the new label requirements. EO: Identify controls to eliminate and/or reduce exposure to hazards.

  5. Effective Dates • Dec. 1, 2013 – Train employees on the new label elements and SDS format. • Dec. 1, 2015 – Shipment of products with old system ends. • June 1, 2016 – Full implementation.

  6. Why Change?

  7. Existing Requirements • Consumer Product Safety Commission • Department of Commerce • Department of Transportation • Food and Drug Administration • Environmental Protection Agency • Occupational Safety & Health Administration • Department of Agriculture • National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

  8. Red Blue 4 0 1 White Yellow National Fire Protection Association (NFPA 704M)

  9. Hazardous Materials Identification System • Developed by the National Paint and Coatings Association (NPCA). • A numerical hazard rating that incorporates the use of labels with color-coded bars. • A special code identifying appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) is also listed.

  10. DOT

  11. Conflicting Definitions §1926.155 – Definitions to Subpart F Flammable liquids defined as having a flash point below 140°F. §1910.1200 – Definitions (HAZCOM 1994) Liquid, flammable defined as having a flash point below 100°F.

  12. HCS 2012 29 CFR 1910.1200 Appendix A: Health Hazard Criteria Appendix B: Physical Hazard Criteria Appendix C: Allocation of Label Elements Appendix D: Safety Data Sheets Appendix E: Definition of Trade Secret Appendix F: Hazard Classifications Regarding Carcinogenicity

  13. HCS 2012 (Purpose & Scope) • Ensure that the hazards of all chemicals are classified. • Information concerning the classified hazards is transmitted to employees. • Hazard Communication Program • Labeling • Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • Training

  14. New Definitions (HCS 2012) • Classification • Hazard category • Hazard class • Hazard not otherwise classified “Unclassified Hazard” • Hazard statement • Label elements • Pictogram

  15. New Definitions (HCS 2012) • Precautionary statement • Product identifier • Pyrophoric Gas • Arsine • Acetylene • Safety data sheet • Signal word • Simple asphyxiant • Substance

  16. Deleted Definitions (HCS 1994) • Combustible Liquid • Compressed Gas • Explosive • Flammable • Flashpoint • Hazard Warning

  17. Deleted Definitions (HCS 1994) • Identity • Material Safety Data Sheet • Organic Peroxide • Oxidizer • Pyrophoric • Unstable (Reactive) • Water-reactive

  18. Side By-Side Comparison HCS 1994 HCS 2012 Classify • Assess • Evaluate • Determine HCS 1994 HCS 2012 • Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) • Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

  19. Revisions to Other OSHA Standards • Formaldehyde (1910.1048) • Asbestos (1910.1001, 1915.1001 & 1926.1101) • Benzene (1910.1028) • HAZWOPER (1910.120 & 1926.65) • PSM (1910.119 & 1926.64) • Flammable Liquids – Indoor Storage (1926.152)

  20. Revision Example §1926.152 – Flammable Liquids (indoor storage) Not more than 60 gallons of flammable or 120 gallons of combustible liquids shall be stored in any one storage cabinet…

  21. Revision Example §1926.152 – Flammable Liquids (indoor storage) Not more than 60 gallons of Category 1, 2 and/or 3 flammable liquids or 120 gallons of Category 4 flammable liquids shall be stored in any one storage cabinet…

  22. The Globally Harmonized System of Classification & Labeling of Chemicals Gas Aquatic Hazard Explosive Flammable Corrosive Oxidizer Irritant & Sensitizer Acute Toxicity Chronic Health Hazard

  23. Hazard Class Means the nature of the physical or health hazard, e.g., flammable solid, carcinogen, oral acute toxicity. Hazard Category The division of criteria within each hazard class. These categories compare hazard severity within a hazard class and should not be taken as a comparison of hazard categories more generally.

  24. Hazard Class/Category Example Hazard Class - Flammable

  25. Hazard Class/Category Example Hazard Class - Flammable

  26. Physical Hazards • Explosives • Flammable Gas • Flammable Aerosols • Oxidizing Gases • Gases Under Pressure • Flammable Liquid • Flammable Solid • Self-Reactive Substances • Pyrophoric Solid • Self-Heating Substances • Contact with Water Emits Flammable Gas • Oxidizing Liquids • Oxidizing Solids • Organic Peroxides • Corrosive to Metal

  27. Health Hazards • Acute Toxicity • Skin Corrosion • Skin Irritation • Serious Eye Damage • Eye Irritation • Respiratory Sensitizer • Skin Sensitizer • Germ Cell Mutagenicity • Carcinogenicity • Reproductive Toxicity • Specific Target Organ Toxicity • Aspiration Hazard

  28. Hazard Symbols & Classes Gas Aquatic Hazard Explosive Flammable Corrosive Oxidizer Irritant & Sensitizer Acute Toxicity Chronic Health Hazard

  29. Recognition of Hazards • What do you see? • Visible material in the air • Settled dust • Warning signs, labels & decals

  30. Anticipation of Health Hazards • knowing the history of the work involved. • Worker experience and education. • To anticipate hazards: • Survey job-site conditions • Be aware of the actions and behaviors of workers.

  31. Hazardous Conditions • Confined or enclosed spaces (hazardous atmospheres). • Contaminated soil conditions (hazardous atmospheres). • Unsanitary conditions (poor housekeeping, poorly kept toilet facilities, etc.). • Presence of hazardous materials (dangerous coatings on structures & metal containing alloys, concrete & silica). • The use of hazardous chemicals (gases, solvents & glues). • The presence of residues left by degreasing agents, usually chlorinated hydrocarbons (chloroform and carbon tetrachloride).

  32. Hazardous Conditions • Older buildings and structures; unoccupied dwellings (fungi/mold, asbestos & lead). • Extreme temperatures (hot & cold environments; working outside or in attics, boiler rooms, etc.). • Radiological exposures (nuclear power plants, antennas, hospitals, laboratories and the sun). • Loud noise (use of tools and equipment). • Hot work (welding and cutting). • The presence of plant and/or animal wildlife (poisonous venom, feces, rabies…).

  33. Health Hazard • Carcinogen • Mutagenicity • Reproductive Toxicity • Respiratory Sensitizer • Target Organ Toxicity • Aspiration Toxicity

  34. Flame • Flammable • Pyrophorics • Self-Heating • Emits Flammable Gas • Self-Reactives • Organic Peroxides

  35. Exclamation Mark • Irritant (skin & eyes) • Skin Sensitizer • Acute Toxicity • Narcotic Effects • Respiratory Tract Irritant • Hazardous to Ozone Layer (Non-Mandatory)

  36. Gas Cylinder • Gases Under Pressure

  37. Corrosion • Skin Corrosion/Burns • Eye Damage • Corrosive to Metals

  38. Exploding Bomb • Explosives • Self-Reactives • Organic Peroxides

  39. Flame Over Circle • Oxidizers

  40. Environment • Aquatic Toxicity

  41. Skull & Crossbones • Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic)

  42. Safety Data Sheets (Sections) • Identification • Hazard(s) identification • Composition/information on ingredients • First-aid measures • Fire-fighting measures • Accidental release measures • Handling and storage • Exposure controls/personal protection • Physical and chemical properties • Stability and reactivity • Toxicological information • Ecological information • Disposal considerations • Transport information • Regulatory information • Other information