Welcome Japan: The West arrives Synchroneyes
Warm-Up Tea Time with Tokugawa 3 min. with a partner
Terminology • The bakufu= Japan’s system of government during the Tokugawa period, based on a military leader, the Shogun • Baku-han = the division of power between Japan’s national leader, the Shogun, and leaders of regions or han, the Daimyo • Daimyo = feudal lord. He ruled a region or han of Japan • Alternate attendance: the system of compulsory residence by the daimyo in Edo during alternate years.
Threats to the system • Russia, Britain, France apply pressure for trade treaties • Financial strain on Samurai and Daimyo • Ronin • Conflict between Daimyo and Shogun Identify the threats above that are internal to Japan and those that are external
Cracks in the class system • Samurai had status but lacked a clear role • Merchants were becoming increasingly wealthy but had little status and power • But the classes were now mixing • Rich merchants could buy into lower ranks of samurai
Can they stay cut off from the world? • Seclusion or Sakoku helped social stability • But is it realistic? • Write 3 disadvantages in bullet point form
In Classworks Perry in Japan
Goal • What were the impacts of Commodore Perry’s visit to Japan?
1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry“Opens Up” Japan to Western Trade!
What Did the U. S. Want? • Coaling stations. • More trading partners. • A haven for ship-wrecked sailors.
Commodore Perry Meeting the Imperial Commissioners at Yokohama Japanese ship The black ships
Reading pause • Read Introduction • Answer Questions • Read assigned letter • Is it threatening? Unreasonable?
An Unequal Treaty? • Convention of Kanagawa 1854 – diplomatic relations • Five years later – treaties with most European nations • Some Samurai deeply resented (hated) these “unequal” (unfair) treaties forced on Japan
Japan Learns a Lesson In 1862, just before the start of the Meiji period, Tokugawa sent officials and scholars to China to study the situation there. A Japanese recorded in his diary from Shanghai… The Chinesehave become servants to the foreigners. Sovereignty may belong to China but in fact it's no more than a colony of Great Britain and France.
Writing Exercise Answer one of the writing exercise questions 10 minute journal entry
Chronology 1573-1600, “Warring States” - Transitional Era 1635, Shogunate forbids Japanese to travel overseas 1639, Portugese ships forbidden; Japan closed to outside world 1641, Dutch Trading Mission is moved to Nagasaki 1600-1868, Tokugawa Period - Centralized Feudalism era 1853-54, Perry Mission to “open” Japan 1854, Japan concludes friendship treaties with U.S., Britain, France & Netherlands; three ports open to foreign trade 1868, Meiji Restoration 1877, Satsuma Rebellion 1881, Sale of government industries to new zaibatsau 1889, Meiji Constitution 1894-5,Sino-Japanese War, Japan becomes imperialist power 1904-5, Russo-Japanese War 1910, colonization of Korea 1912, emperor Meji dies Meiji Restoration1868 -1912
Physical Geography • Honshu • Hokkaido • Shikoku • Kyushu • Tokyo (Edo) • Kyoto • Sea of Japan • Pacific Ocean • Yellow Sea • East China Sea