Stereotypes Immigration school religion Industries work Location
Immigration in Italy Traditionally a country of emigrants, in the last 20 years Italy has become a country of mass immigration, with about 7.5% of the population fitting that description. Officially, at the end of 2008, foreigners comprised 7.5% of the population or 4,800 000 persons, and increase of 470,000 since the previous year. In some Italian cities, such as Brescia, Milan, Padua, and Prato, immigrants total more than 15% of the population. Since the expansion of the European Union, the most recent wave of migration has been from surrounding European nations, particularly Eastern Europe, and increasingly Asia, replacing North Africa as the major immigration area. In Italy, the 87.3% of immigrants live in the northern and central parts of the country (the most economically developed areas), while only 12.7% live in the southern half of the peninsula.
Some 900,000 Romanians are officially registered as living in Italy, replacing Albanians and Moroccans as the largest ethnic minority group, but independet estimates put the actual number of Romanians at double that figure or perhaps even more. Others immigrants from Eastern Europe are Ukrainians ( 200 000 ), Polish ( 100 000 ),Moldovans ( 90 000 ) Macedonians ( 81 000 ), Serbs ( 75 000 ), Bulgarians ( 54 000 ) East German People ( 41 000 ), Bosnians ( 40 000 ), Russians ( 39 600 ), Croatians ( 25 000 ), Slovakians ( 9000 ), Hungarians ( 8600 ).
Italy: a place to find peace Asylum seekers and refugees In our country, the right of asylum is guaranteed to individuals persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group and political opinion. Recognition of refugee statusThe application is accepted when the reported acts of persecution are a threat to the life or freedom of the individual concerned. The National Fund for Asylum Policies and Services Allocation of funds in favour of local authorities providing reception services to asylum seekers, refugees and beneficiaries of humanitarian protection.
Trafficking in human beings Exploitation of human beings who are abducted and lured by deception from their origin countries and sold as slaves by international criminal organisations International protection of unaccompanied minors Protection systems for minors must take into account the Convention on the Rights of the Child and they must adopt measures aimed at guaranteeing the “best interest of the child” International protection of women victims of violence Women who are victims of violence are subject to a form of persecution which may fall within the category of “refugee” 20th June: World Refugee DayUniversally recognised since 2001, it raises public awareness on exiles’ sufferings and supports the efforts of involved organisations
Students in Italy • In the last five years the number of foreign students has tripled, while in the last 20 years the number has become 30 times bigger. In fact, now they are the 7% of students in Italy. • Foreign students from Europe are 44,3%; the biggest communities are: • - Albania 17,8% • - ex-Yugoslavia 10,2% • - Romania 4,8% • Students from other continents: • Africa with 30%, expecially from Morocco (15,4%); • Asia, especially from China (35,8%) • The highest occurance of these students is in elementary schools (8.3%).
School Integration in Padua • Actually,10% of students in Padua’s schools are from other countries. • Our city is implementing a 3 years plan called “Sustainable ways of Integration” which programs a social integration for people coming from outside of Italy: • - Minors are helped with Italian courses and the promotion of educational interventions. • The bringing up to date of teachers and workers at school with training courses. • Information about the Italian school system, that makes the communication between school and families easier. • The promotion of harmony between different cultures. • The insertion of immigrant women in the working world.
QUESTIONS AND ASNWERS TO A FEMALE FOREIGN STUDENT 1 - When did you come to Italy? 2 - How did you settle here with other guys of your age? 3 - Did your parents settle soon or have trouble? 4 - Have your schoolmates accept you? 5 - Have you had problems with language? 6 – Is it a burden for you to wear the veil? 7 - Is there anyone who doesn’t tolerate the veil? 1 – I was two months old when I came to Italy, so I’ve lived here for 16 years. 2 - I went to all schools here in this city, so I have never changed school and the integration with other boys and girls was never so difficult. 3 - Also my parents settled here very well. 4 - Yes, all my friends and professors are kind to me, and if I need some help they give me their support. 5 - No, because I learned it when I was a child, so there wasn’t the problem of translation or other types. 6 - No, I’m used to wearing it, and it isn’t a problem for me. 7 - No, there is a good group in my class. But if this happened, I wouldn’t listen to the comments.
Religions in Italy In Italy, such as other western countries, the biggest religious group is represented by Christians. They are divided into many groups: - Catholics, about 53 millions - Orthodox Christians, about 1.187.000 - Protestants, about 550.000 - Other Christians, about 500.000
Other religions are: - Atheism, about 4.000.000 - Islam, about 1.300.000 - Other religions, about 450.000 - Buddhism, about 200.000 - Hinduism, about 110.000 - Sikh, about 70.000 - Judaism, about 45.000
The Italian State, in addition to the Concordat with the Catholic Church (Lateran Pacts of 1929, whose review was concluded in 1984), has entered into arrangements with certain religious denominations in the country, according to Article 8 of the Constitution.
IMMIGRANT WORK IN ITALY In Italy 80% of immigrants have a job or a commercial activity. The sectors where the foreign workers are most integrated are: - employee(34%); - independent workers(23%); - domestics; - social workers.
born outside of Italy Workers born outside of Italy make up 16% of the workfare. born in Italy
They have an activity rate (73%) more elevated than italian natives, a good territorial mobility and helpfulness.
ACTIVITY SECTORS: • agriculture and fishing (8%); • industry (34%); • services (54%); • not determinated (4%). Agric./fishing Industry Services N.d.
About entrepreneurial resources in Italy, immigant business owners, members and others company figures, employ half a million people, and they can double this level in the next ten years.
ItalianStereotypes Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Italian Stereotypes Italyis well known in the world for : Beautiful landscapes; Fashion,which have inspired foreigner clothes designers all over the world; Food; Opera was born in Italy around the year 1600 and Italian opera has continued to play a dominant role in the history of the form until the present day; Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Italian Landscapes The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore ,is a Gothic style building ,wich is part of UNESCO World Heritage Site,the Cathedral is situated in the historic centre of Florence. The Basilica is one of the Italy’s largest churches,and,until the modern era,the dome was the largest in the world. (Florence Cathedral Church) Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Italian Landscapes The Caserta Royal Palace is protected by UNESCO. The gorgeous part of this building is the garden, a typical example of the baroque extension of formal vistas, stretch for 120 ha, partly on hilly terrain.It was inspired by the park of Versailles. There are five fountains Situated all around the garden,in each fountain there are statues and figures inspired by classical Antiquity. (Caserta Royal Palace) Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
The Caserta Royal Palace it’s also been used as the location For: The Royal Palace for the Queen in Star Wars Episode I; And again in Star Wars:attack of the clones; Mission Impossible II; Angels & Demons;
Italian Landscapes St. Peter's has the largest interior of any Christian church in the world, holding 60,000 people.It is the symbolic "Mother church" of the Catholic Church and is regarded as one of the holiest Christian sites. (San Pietro, Rome) Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Italian Landscapes It has been described as "holding a unique position in the Christian world" and as "the greatest of all churches of Christendom". In Catholic tradition, it is the burial site of its namesake Saint Peter, who was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus and, according to tradition, first Bishop of Rome and therefore first in the line of the papal succession.
Italian Landscapes The Arena Of Verona is a Roman amphitheatre in Verona which is internationally famous for the large-scale opera performances given there. It is one of the best preserved ancient structures of its kind. The building itself was built in AD 30. In recent times, the Arena of Verona has also housed concerts of popular music bands such as The Who, Ennio Morricone, Kiss, Simply Red, Simple Minds,Pearl Jam, Muse, Elton John, Tina Turner and Björk. (Arena di Verona, Verona) Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Italian Landscapes (St. Marco Square,Venice) The city historically was the capital of an independent nation. Venice has been known as the "La Dominante", "Serenissima", "Queen of the Adriatic", "City of Water", "City of Bridges", "City of Canals" and "The City of Light". Luigi Barzini, writing in The New York Times, described it as "undoubtedly the most beautiful city built by man". ] Venice has also been described by the Times Online as being one of Europe's most romantic cities. The city stretches across 118 small islands in the marshy Venetian Lagoon along the Adriatic sea in northeast Italy. Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Italian Food (Lasagne al Forno) Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Italian Food (Spaghetti) (Gnocchi) Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Italian Food (Pizza Margherita) Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Mandolino Mandolins evolved from the lute family in Italy during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and the deep bowled mandolin produced particularly in Naples became a common type in the nineteenth century. Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Italian fashion In Italy there are some of the most important trade marks of the whole world Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Italian fashion Comenius 2009-2010 Poland
Dolce & Gabbana ,commonly abbreviated as D & G, is an Italian luxury fashion house. The company was started by the Italian designers Domenico Dolce & Stefano Gabbana in Milan, Italy. By 2005 their turnover was €750 million. In May 2009, the Italian government charged Dolce & Gabbana with tax evasion for having moved assets for about 249 million euro to tax heaven Luxembourg in the 2004-2006 period. Comenius 2009-2010 Poland