By Chris Lee
History of Mexico and thePhilippines Mexico was first populated more than 13,000 years ago. In 1519, the Spaniards, led by Hernando Cortez, defeated the Aztecs, and established the region as a spanish colony. Mexico achieved its independence from Spain in 1810. Mexico was administered by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) from the time of the Mexican revolution(1910-1929) to the middle of the 90s. The Philippines were believed to be populated as far back as 67,000 years ago. Ferdinand Magellan was the first European to discover the islands on one of his voyages in 1521. The Philippine Revolution broke out in 1896 to gain its independence from Spain, just like in Mexico. In 1987, the Philippines established a constitution that was based on the U.S.’s style of a republic.
Mexico is located right below the United States. The capital city is Mexico City. Mexico is the thirteenth largest country in the world. Over 112 million people live there. The Philippines is located to the east of Vietnam and it is southeast of China. Their capital is Manila. There are 7,107 islands in the Philippines. In 2011, there were 95,800,000 people living in the Philippines.
Languages and Symbols, of Mexico and the Philippines • Languages-Spanish, Mixtec, Tarascan, English, and many others. • Symbols-tricolor flag of red, white, and green, the national anthem (Himno Nacional Mexico) , and their coat of arms. • Languages-Filipino, Spanish, English, Tagalog, and many others. • Symbols-Filipino flag, national anthem (Lupang Hinirang), and their coat of arms.
Values, Beliefs, and Norms of Mexico and the Philippines The central feature of social life is the family , with the father as the dominant figure. Religions-Catholicism, Protestantism, Seventh-Day Adventist, among others. -no official religion They value Day of the Dead and Cinco de mayo. Filipinosvalue strong relationships among everyone as well as social harmony. Religions-Islam, Roman Catholicism, Aglipayan, Evangelical Christianity, among others.
Subcultures within Mexico and the Philippines Political parties of Mexico- National Action Party-pushes for a Christian Democracy under Felipe Calderon. Institutional Revolutionary Party-most dominant party, and advocates a mixed economy as well as national industries. Labor Party-formed in 1990 by Maoist activists. Political parties of the Philippines- Liberal Party-is the second-oldest political group, and it controls the House of Representatives. Nacionalista Party-organized in 1907, was the oldest party, and administered the country for most of the 1900s. Nationalist People’s Coalition-founded in 1991, members that were from this group were originally from the Nacionalista Party, but left because of disputes.
Economies of Mexico and the Philippines Mexico’s economy is the 13th largest in the world. In 2008, Mexico experienced an economic recession. Overall, the economy is good as it benefits from free trade with more than 40 countries including Japan and Israel. However, there are some downsides: in terms of the amount of money there is a huge difference between the upper and lower-socioeconomic classes. The Philippines has the 46th largest economy in the world. As of 2011, it was estimated that the country had $216.1 billion. They trade with other nations such as, the United States, Korea, and China. The economy has transformed from an agricultural economy into a more industrialized one.
Conflicts in Mexico and the Philippines The Mexican Drug War- Rival drug cartels are in conflict with each other over territory. The Mexican Government is also trying to stop it and eliminate their drug trafficking. It was estimated that so far that 34,612 people were killed. Islamic uprisings- Since the 1960s, there has been conflict between the government and groups such as, the MILF and the MNLF. Since 2001, the United States has allied with the Philippine government so as to try and diminish the insurgencies.
There are some things that I liked about both cultures, and some things that I did not like. Things that I found interesting: Mexicans main value is that of the family. Filipinos value strong relationships between each other. Mexico has the 13th largest economy in the world. The Philippines have a constitution similar to that of the United States. Things that I disliked: Mexico is currently involved in a drug war. Although Mexicans value family, they also have the male as the dominant figure. I would not like to live in either of these countries even though they both have some interesting things about them only because I would not like to experience culture shock, and am actually very much happy just living here in the U.S. I would not like to live anywhere else other than where I have done research on either. My Opinion of Mexico and the Philippines