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Projects in Meso-America: PowerPoint Presentation
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Projects in Meso-America:

Projects in Meso-America:

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Projects in Meso-America:

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  1. Projects in Meso-America: LA_06:Assessment of Impacts and Adaptation Measures for the Water Resources Sector due to Extreme Eventsunder Climate Change Conditions in Central America Countries: Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica and Panama. Sectors: Water resources and interacting sectors (Agriculture, tourism, disaster management) PI: Dr. Walter Fernández, UCR. LA__29:Integrated Assessment of Social Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change Among Farmers in Mexico and Argentina Countries: 2, Mexico and Argentina, also includes Colombia, Brazil and Chile. Sectors: Agriculture and Water PI: Dr. Carlos Gay, UNAM. SIS_06. The Threat of Dengue Fever – Assessment of Impacts and Adaptation to Climate Change in Human Health in the Caribbean. Countries: Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago and St. Kitts. Sectors: Climate-Health and disease. PI: Drs. A. A. Chen, UWI and S. C. Rawlins, CAREC.

  2. LA06:

  3. LA29 Methodology for V&A:

  4. SIS06, Methodology include: • Retrospective study (interdisciplinary) • Statistical downscaling • Pilot Project • SRES emission scenarios

  5. The linkage between climate and non-climate scenarios will be achieved by • Interdisciplinary teams work. • Future Global and Regional Scenarios (Tools like MAGICC & SCENGEN, PRECIS ?,…).

  6. Climate Information used by the three projects includes • 1.Historical climatic data. • a.Local/regional data. Public domain databases. National Meteorological Services & Local stations • b.       Re-analyses (NCEP) • 2.Aerological DataBases: CARDS, PACS-SONET • 3. GCM outputs.

  7. Variables required for I, A & V assessment: • Temperature (Max., Min., Mean) • Precipitation • Solar Radiation • Winds • Runoff • Also, some non-climate variables: power generation, yields, population growth, GDP, etc.

  8. Some Critical Uncertainties in the projects are: • Spatial downscaling of climate and socio-economic scenarios. • Behaviour of Extreme Events in climate change scenarios: trends, frequency, intensity. • Baseline.

  9. Spatial and Temporal scales include: • Spatial scale: • Local / Regional. • Global. For climate change scenarios and downscaling techniques •  Temporal: daily, monthly, seasonal, annual, decadal. • Baseline:1961-1990 or at least 30 years of data of the variables described.

  10. Other projects in the region: • “Development of a regional climate model system for Central America”. Supported by NOAA-OGP. PI. Dr. Jorge A. Amador, CIGEFI-UCR, Costa Rica. • “Climate variability and its impacts on the Mexican, Central American and Caribbean region”.Supported by IAI as a CRN. PI. Dr. Victor Magaña, UNAM, México. • “When Oceans conspire: Examining the effect of concurrent SST anomalies in the Tropical Atlantic and Pacific on Caribbean Rainfall”. Supported by IAI as a PESCA project. PIs. Drs. Michael Taylor and Anthony Chen, UWI, Jamaica. • “Multi-objective study of climate variability for mitigation in the trade convergence climate complex”. Supported by IAI as a CRN. PI. M.Sc. Pilar Cornejo, ESPOL, Ecuador.