Parental Engagement: Grow Along with Me Telephone Interviews Regarding the use of the ASQ david Gregory, RN, PhD Co-Chair, Evaluation Committee
Telephone interviews Cohort #1 Parents whose children were not referred post-ASQ completion (18-24 months) Summer, 2008 Cohort #2 Parents whose children were referred post-ASQ completion Spring/Summer, 2009 Parental Engagement
Evaluation Committee Formulated questions (n=7) From academe to reality! Telephone Interviews with Parents
Random sample of parents Written consent previously obtained; verbal consent 105 households contacted 63 interviewed(60% participation rate) Telephone Interviews with Parents
Lethbridge 60.3% (n=38) Cardson 17.4% (n=11) Raymond 9.5% (n=6) Coaldale 6.3% (n=4) Coalhurst 4.7% (n=3) Picture Butte 4.7% (n=3) Taber 3.1% (n=2) Grassy Lake 3.1% (n=2) Barnwell, Bellevue, Carmangay, Lundbreck, Vauxhall 1.5% (n=1 each) Findings: Interviews by Location
55.56% (35/63) were familiar with ASQ Older children or previously with their 18 to 24 month old Most frequent site for ASQ completion was the Public Health Well Child (Immunization) Clinic Findings: Previous Experience with ASQ?
80.95% (51/63) indicated the ASQ was a positive experience. Reassurance that all was “well” with their children. Findings: How did parents feel about completing the ASQ?
Very positive feelings. It helped to make sure my kid was growing along with the rest of them. It was good; very informative. It was my first child and so everything was new—and it was nice to know the information. Parents’ Comments
17.46% (11/63) voiced that the ASQ experience was negative. ASQ administrators did not listen to them. Difficult to answer the questions; having the questions in advance would have helped. Findings: How did parents feel about completing the ASQ?
Completion of the ASQ was not really optional for parents. Burden was associated with the completion of the ASQ ASQ Negative Experiences Continued
Previously, we used to fill it out at home. I thought that was a lot better, because some of the questions require experimenting with your child—like drawing lines on a page to see if they can copy you or stacking blocks. They [questions] should be rewritten if they don’t want to send it out anymore, so it’s more applicable to fill it out five-minutes beforehand. Parents’ Comments
For one parent, there was a real burden with completing the ASQ. This included managing other children (without assistance); trying to focus on the child’s immunization, while concurrently completing the ASQ. This parent also suggested that an on-line version of the ASQ would ease this burden as well as provide think time to answer the questions. Parents’ Perspectives
Setting in which the ASQ was completed Chaotic setting ASQ was rushed Have more time for the appointment. Very busy; didn’t have enough time to answer the questions. A bit rushed, but the questions were easy and the pictures were helpful. Findings: Other concerns regarding the ASQ
Learning the “outcome” of the ASQ Some parents were unsure of the outcome of the ASQ check-up As far as the process goes, it was good to see that my son is becoming stronger in certain areas. In regards to the outcome, we still haven’t really had any answers. So, I’m still confused. Other Concerns Continued
74.6% (47/63) noted that the ASQ helped them to learn more about their children’s development. Findings: Did parents learn anything new about their child’s development?
Developmental milestones or benchmarks. Child’s abilities to complete certain activities or tasks. What did parents learn?
80.95% (51/63) stated that the ASQ check-up and the information offered to them at the time of the check-up, gave them ideas, suggestions, and activities to further support their children’s development at home. Findings: Activities supporting child development at home
Pamphlets Information sheets They gave us a little booklet that offered me tons of ideas from thinks like playing outside to recipes to make our own play-dough. There was a page of guidelines of things to do—which I kept! Resources offered to Parents
Language and communication development It helped me to learn how to teach her to pronounce words, and how to speak sooner. I learned different speech games to encourage my son to talk. We now practice those together. Activities?
Motor and fine skill development Absolutely! One example of a developmental check I learned was pouring sand from bucket to bucket. It changes the way we play now—it moves the focus onto developmental growth. Activities?
Development of comprehension and listening skills. Yes, I learned activities to help her listening skills, like left-right directing. Activities?
Parents were overwhelmingly positive in encouraging other parents to have their children undergo a child developmental check-up. Findings: Advice to other parents?
No parent should be hesitant. All children develop naturally at different paces. It’s nice to know the spectrum and where your child falls on it. For example, I know that my son is slightly behind in communication, but is ahead in his motor coordination skills. Advice to other parents?
Parents felt empowered that they could “do something” to support their children’s growth and development. Advice to other parents?
It didn’t tell you what you were doing or not doing; it just helped you find ways to augment your child’s development. It’s a nice way for you to learn activities to do with your child and together. It gives you ideas and tools to assist with their development. Empowering Parents