有个学生名字叫“马騳(dú)骉(biāo) ”，开学点名了，班主任不知怎么念，所以每当上课点名的时候，总爱说马叉叉到了没。 语文课上课了，语文老师有点文学素养，点名道：“万马奔腾到了没？”接下来是体育课，体育老师直接改用“一群马到了没”。历史老师对这个名字很不感冒，于是点名道：“马家的五马分尸来了没有? A joke
马 The development of Chinese characters
Skimming Skim the text and discuss the structure of the text with your partner. Think about how many parts we can divide the whole text into.
Part 1 Para.1 Part 2 Para.2 L10 Part 3 Para.2-4 Part 4 Para.5
Listening Listen to the text and summarize the main idea for each part.
Main idea • The origin of Chinese characters. • Simplified Chinese characters. • C. Brief introduction of Chinese characters. • D. Form and development of Chinese characters. Para.1 Para.2-4 C D Para.2 Para.5 A B
Part 1 Para.1 What makes the Chinese language differ from many Western languages? What makes the Chinese language differ from many Western languages?
Part 2 Para.2 Who is said to have invented Chinese writing? 仓颉也称苍颉，是传说为黄帝的史官，汉字的创造者。传说中仓颉生有“双瞳四目”。目有重瞳者，中国史书上记载只有三个人，虞舜、仓颉、项羽。虞舜是禅让的圣人，孝顺的圣人，而仓颉是文圣人，项羽则是武圣人。 What fired his idea of inventing Chinese characters?
Cang Jie, who is believed to have invented Chinese characters, used to work as a history official under the Yellow Emperor in ancient China. It is said that the inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells were also invented by him. He has been taken as the father of Chinese characters. 仓颉,汉字的创始人,是古代神话传说中黄帝的史官。据说刻在兽骨和龟甲上的文字也是由他发明的.他被尊为 “造字圣人”。
Part 3 Para.3-4 How are Chinese characters formed? drawings of physical objects － pictographs(象形)
鱼 燕 泉 木 网 舟 禾 车
Part 3 Para.3-4 How are Chinese characters formed? drawings of physical objects － pictographs(象形) combine two or more characters together(会意)
Examples: 家 采 尖 旦
Part 3 Para.3-4 How are Chinese characters formed? drawings of physical objects － pictographs(象形) combine two or more characters together(会意) combine meaning and pronunciation － pictophonetic characters(形声)
Examples: 砖 编 聆 骂
Part 4 Para.5 When were simplified Chinese characters introduced by the Chinese government? In the 1950s. Where are simplified Chinese characters used? In China’s mainland.
Starting the project—How to design a booklet？ • Planning • Preparing • Producing • Presenting
Planning • Work in small groups and discuss and choose what characters the group would like to research. • Discuss the layout of the booklet. • Divide the work each group member will do. • Collect the information needed.
Preparing Look for information as many sources as you can find. Tips (organizing information) 1. the characters your group would like to research 1. Introduction 2. the Internet/ books/ TV/ radio… 2. Method 3. Findings 4. Conclusion
the character for… was at first… this became…, and over time turned into… be made by combining … and … together be made up of the characters for… and … be formed with… the left/right/upper/lower part indicate … and the other suggest… Uesful expressions:
How are Chinese characters formed? Conclusion: People in (ancient) China when they wanted to express their ideas combine two or more characters toghther use drawings of physical objects have one part of a character indicating the meaning and the other suggesting the pronunciation
Producing • Everyone writes a section of the booklet. Then put what has been written together. Add photos or illustrations where necessary. • Proofread the draft to correct mistakes if there are any. • New ideas can be added. • Now the booklet is finished.
A possible example: against a tree; with a mountain 仙xian (hermit or immortal), a person secluded in a mountain. Character: Method:the Internet Conclusion: People in ancient chinacombined two or more elements together when they wanted to express their ideas. Findings: It shows a person in a profile, standing upright with arms hanging down. In another interpretation a person is marching with two legs. The character, often in a slender form, appears in many composite characters: with a tree 休 xiu (rest), a person resting My booklet
Presenting Present the booklet to the whole class by taking turns to talk about each section of their booklet.