In English, thepresentperfect is essencially a present tense, but it also expresses theeffectofpastactionsonthepresent. Past Presentperfect Present Presentperfect= beforenow Presentperfect does notexpresswhenanactionhappened. I havetraveledto allsevencontinents. I travelledaroundAfricain 1998.
3.We make the present perfect tense with has/ have + the past participle. I/ be to Paris They/ be to Paris She/ be to Paris. You/ be to Paris. She/ be to Paris. Ihaven´tbeento Paris. Ihavebeento Paris. Theyhavebeento Paris. Theyhaven´tbeento Paris. Shehasbeento Paris. Shehasn´tbeento Paris. Youhavebeento Paris. Youhaven´tbeento Paris. He’sbeento Paris. Hehasn´tbeento Paris.
Use - Thepresentperfect expresses: # 1 – Actionthatbegan in thepastand still continues ( unfinishedpast) • We’velived in thesamehouse for threeyears. • Peter’sworked as a teachersince 2000. • Howlonghaveyouknowneachother? • They’vebeenmarried for 20 years.
These time expressions are commonwiththis use. twoyears amonth A few minutes Halfanhour ages 1970 Theendoftheclass August 8:00 Christmas For Since
Use – thepresentperfect expresses: # 2 – Experiencethathappenedat some time in one’slife. Beforenow. Theeffectoftheaction is relevant in thepresent. • I’vebeen to the US. ( I still remember, it’srelevant, important for me) • She’swrittenmany books. ( in herongoingwritingcareer) • Haveyoueverhadanoperation?
Use – thepresentperfect expresses: #3 – A pastactionthathas a present result. Theaction is usually in therecent past. The taxi hasn’tarrivedyet. ( We’re still waitingfor it.) I’vecutmyfinger. ( It is still bleeding.)
Use – thepresentperfect expresses: # 4 Weoftenannouncenews in thepresentperfect to emphasizetheevent as a presentfact. • Haveyouheard? • Thepresidenthasannounced a newproject. • Susan’shadher baby! • I’veruinedthemeal!
Howlonghaveyoulived in thesamehouse? Howlonghaveyouhadyourpresentjob? Haveyoubeen to interestingplacesthisyear?
Haveyoueverhad a beautifuldream? Haveyoueverbeen in love? Haveyoueverwanted to besomeoneelse? Haveyoueverbeenabroad? Haveyouevertried a radical sport? Haveyoueverread a great book?