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# Hydraulic Pumps and Cylinders

Hydraulic Pumps and Cylinders. Hydraulic Pumps will be rated with a pressure and flow rate deliverable. The Pressure is the output pressure of the pump and the flow rate is the volume of hydraulic fluid the pump can move in a given time.

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## Hydraulic Pumps and Cylinders

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1. Hydraulic Pumps and Cylinders • Hydraulic Pumps will be rated with a pressure and flow rate deliverable. • The Pressure is the output pressure of the pump and the flow rate is the volume of hydraulic fluid the pump can move in a given time. • For this class we will not worry about line losses and head pressure losses and gains. That will be covered in Hydraulics class.

2. Hydraulic Cylinders • Hydraulic cylinders will have a piston diameter (sometimes just called the cylinder diameter) and a total length it can be extended to. • The force the cylinder can exert is dependant on the fluid pressure supplied to the cylinder and the cross-sectional area of the piston • F = P*A • The Speed at which the cylinder is traveling is dependant on the cross-sectional area of the piston and the volumetric flow from the pump • Speed = Volumetric flow / A

3. Pascal’s Law • A fluid at rest creates an equal pressure in all directions at any one point • To add to this, the pressure is only dependant on the density (ρ) or specific weight (γ) of the liquid and the depth of the liquid (h) at that point • P = ρgh • P = γh γ = specific weight = ρ * g

4. Density and Specific Weight of Water • For Water, • Density • 1000 kg/m3 • 1.938 slug/ft3 • Specific Weight • 9810 N/m3 • 62.4 lb/ft3

5. Calculate the equivalent force on each wall and the bottom of a one foot long section of the trench shown filled with 6 feet of water Pressure on a Submerged Surface 6 ft 2 ft

6. Example 1: Determine the magnitude of the hydrostatic force acting per meter length of the wall. Water has a density of 1 Mg/m^3)

7. Example 2 – Determine the magnitude of the hydrostatic force acting on gate AB, which has a width of 2 ft. The specific weight of water is 62.4 lb/ft^3)

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