Notes I. Religion Spark Reform A. Second Great Awakening- religious movement after 1800 1. revivals 2. Bible study and emotional sermons 3. Charles G. Finney 4. Idea that people could change themselves and society.
B. Unitarian movement- appeal to reason. Stressed the individual. C. African Americans- attracted to the revivalist movement. 1. Richard Allen 2. African Methodist Episcopal Church
D. Transcendentalism 1. Alternative to traditional religion. 2. Philosophical and literary movement- ideas of Emerson 3. could find truth in nature and in oneself 4. dignity of the individual 5. contributed to a literary movement- stressed freedom and self- reliance. *Thoreau- Walden’s Pond
E. School and prison reform 1. public schools 2. Dorothea Dix 3. Utopian Communities
Chapter 8 Questions What ideas and practices did each of the following promote? 1. Revivalism 2. Unitarian movement 3. African Methodist Episcopal church 4. Transcendentalism 5. What did the movement to reform education accomplish? 6. What were the accomplishments of the movement to reform asylums and prisons? 7. What was the purpose of the utopian communities
Writing • List and describe the important reforms that were made during this time period. What areas still need improvement today? What changes would you suggest to help with the reform effort? Who should be responsible for the changes and why?
Character Development Think of a time when you have been dishonest. How did it make you feel? Do you think it was worth it? Why or why not?