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Math Concepts & Activities for Young Children

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## Math Concepts & Activities for Young Children

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**Math Concepts & Activities for Young Children**Exploring Early Childhood Education Jackson Liberty High School Mrs. M Guzzi**Math is Everywhere!**• High School students think of math as algebra or geometry. • Math for younger children can be incorporated in art, music, dramatic play, and story time.**EARLY MATH PROGRAMS**• Should be HANDS ON • Filled with PLAY • Include Exploration**Math Vocabulary**• Big & Little Long & Short • Wide & Narrow Once-Twice • Highest & Lowest First & Last • High & Low Few & Many • Pair Bunch**True understanding of math occurs between five and seven.**• The goal of a math curriculum for young children is to provide an environment that encourages the awareness and development of math skills.**Hands-On experience with real objects is the best way to**lead children to math mastery!**Math For Young Children**• Every activity can be made into a math activity. • Count glue, scissors, etc. • Let children count snacks**Math for Young Children**• Children can make sense of their world through math and logic. • Any book can be a math activity • Counting pages • Counting items in book**Classification (sorting)**Putting things into groups based on common characteristics. • Shape • Size • Color • Texture • Function or use • Taste • Smell • Sound • Let children group in ways that make sense, but let them think of ways that no one else would think of. (creativity)**Seriation**Counting Order of numbers One to one correspondence One cup matches one plate • SIZE Relationships • Placing things in size order • Largest to Smallest • Tallest to Shortest • Lightest to Heaviest • Most to least**Patterns**• Recognizing • Identifying • Describing • Copying • Continuing • Putting items in a certain organized way. Patterns in their environment**SEQUENCING**• The order of how things happen • What will happen first, middle and last**Space**• Knowing how far apart things are • Understanding spatial relationships • How far/close are things? • Which things are farthest, closest?**Shapes**• Identifying shapes • Cutting/drawing basic shapes • Using shapes to make things • Example: Tangrams**Understanding Number Symbols**• Knowing that 2 stands for two • Recognizing the numbers and being able to identify them. • Being able to write the numbers**Number Operations & Number Sense**• Being familiar with adding and subtracting the things in their world based on concrete examples. • Example: • If we have 3 fruit snacks and get 3 more from the teacher, how many will be have? • What if we eat(or subtract) two of them? How many will we have? • Understanding the concept of more/fewer/the same • At this age, children must have something that they can physically move around and count to do this. Manipulatives Examples?**Math in Books**• Math concepts are taught in a variety of books. • Math concepts like: • Counting • Shapes • sizes**Math in Songs & Fingerplays**• What are some songs & fingerplays that deal with MATH concepts? • 5 Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed**Math in Everyday Life**• What are some examples of MATH concepts that are used in everyday life?**Math Manipulative**• What is a math manipulative? • Anything you can use as a counter • What types of materials can be used as a math manipulative? • Sea shells toothpicks rocks buttons M&M’s ANYTHING!**Question:**• How do building blocks help children develop math concepts? • Teach shape, size & weight • Children can match, compare, sort, pattern & seriate them. • How can children use math skills when playing? • Play store • Counting in games**Math Activity Ideas**• String beads or pasta and create patterns to copy or continue. • Talk about colors, shapes, spaces and pattern • Sort things such as coins, beads, leaves, buttons, manipulative toys, keys, milk lids Ask how they can be sorted By color, shape, size, use, texture**Math Activity Ideas**• Encourage counting whenever possible. • Ask the children if they can make shapes using their bodies • How many shapes can they make by themselves? • How many can they make with a friend? • Two friends?**More Math Activity Ideas**• Cook or bake something • Let children do the measuring and counting. • Count how many times you have to stir until it is all mixed up • Let them make predictions about what will happen in the oven. • Divide the treat with friends • Have children work together to make a large poster-sized recipe complete with pictures, numbers and words.**And More Math Activities…**• Make a map of the classroom • Draw the children’s attention to the shapes and spaces in the classroom • See if they can devise a better way to arranges the shapes (furniture) in the room**And One More Math Activity…**• Conduct surveys and graph the results • Who has a library card? • How many scoops of rice to you think will it take to fill the jar? • What’s your favorite ice cream flavor?**Resources for Math Activities**• Classroom resource library • Internet • Websites • Pinterest