“A race is a category of people treated as distinct on account of physical characteristics to which social importance has been assigned” (Brinkerhoff, p. 175).
“An ethnic group is a category whose members are thought to share a common origin and to share important elements of a common culture” (Brinkerhoff, p. 175).
Five (real or imagined) Characteristics of Ethnic Groups: • Language • history or ancestry • religion • styles of dress or adornment. • food and eating norms
PREJUDICE & DISCRIMINATION • Prejudice is an attitude. • Discrimination is a behavior.
Racism is prejudice and discrimination based on socially significant physical characteristics.
Minority groups lack power; they are “culturally, economically, and politically subordinate” (p. 178). Majority groups have power; they are “culturally, economically, and politically dominant” (p. 177). Power is the ability to get others to do what you want even if they don’t want to do it.
Four types of relations between dominant and minority groups: • Conflict • Accommodation • Acculturation • Assimilation • Anglo-conformity • Melting pot
“Institutionalized racism occurs when the normal operation of apparently neutral processes systematically produces unequal results for majority and minority groups” (p. 192).