unit1 Ⅰ. Proverb Ⅱ. Objectives Ⅲ. Background knowledge Ⅳ. Presentation
Part12345 PartⅠ Listening & Speaking PartⅡ Reading PartⅢ Grammar PartⅣ Translation PartⅤ Writing
Preview Lots of people want to ride with you in the limo, but what you want is someone who will take the bus with you when the limo breaks down. ~ Oprah Winfrey Time is a bird forever on the wing. ~ Robertson
1. ask for and give directions. 2. use the words and expressions in the texts and summarize the main idea of the passage. 4. 5. use the translation skills learned in the previous units. write I.O.U.and receipts. use subjunctive mood. 3. Objectives After studying this unit, the students are expected to be able to
Bgklg2fz A basic fact of American culture: Driving is a way of life Ten Commandments of Good Driving in America
Bgklg2qz1 It’s not that there’s no public transportation in America. Many cities have taxis, buses and subways to help commuters get to and back work. Some large universities even have buses to take students to classes across campus. But most people find it much more convenient to drive, even if they do have to deal with traffic jam. Nowadays busy families often have more than one vehicle. Many people view their cars as a status symbol. But no matter their social status, people without wheels feel tied down. When a foreigner first arrived, he was amazed at how many young American drivers there were. Young people in America often get their driver’s license around age 16 by passing a written test and a driving test. In many cases, before they can get their license, they have to take a driver education course. This course gives students hands-on practice with driving. It also helps to reduce the high cost of insurance. For teenagers, being able to drive, and in some cases, having their own car, is a big deal. It gives them a sense of power and freedom. Many young Americans consider a driver’s license a right, not a privilege. It’s rare to find an American teenager without one.
Bgklg2qz2 1. Yield to vehicles who have the right of way. 2. Don’t cut in front of other vehicles. 3. Drive within the speed limit. 4. Obey all road signs and police officers. 5. Pull over to the side of the road when you hear a siren. 6. Stop completely at red lights and stop signs. 7. Yield to pedestrians in crosswalks. 8. Park only in a designated parking space. 9. Use your turn signals when turning or changing lanes. 10. Don’t drink when drive. Driving is to Americans while flying is to birds. It’s almost part of their nature. For many Americans, being behind the wheel is like their natural habitat. But if they don’t drive carefully, they can become an endangered species.
part1 5fz Suggested teaching plan for listening and speaking Listening practice Speaking activities Language bank Learning Tips
s.t.p 1 Suggested teaching plan for listening and speaking
l.p z2 Short Conversations Situational Dialogues
l.p 1 Directions: You will hear two short conversations in this section. Each conversation will be spoken twice. Listen carefully and do the exercises. Task 1Fill in the blanks with the words you hear in Conversation 1 Mike: Excuse me, Madam?Kathy: Yes? Mike: I’ve just _____ here for two days, and I am ________confused with the directions.Kathy: Yes, and what can I do to help you? Mike: How _____ get to the Cultural Center?Kathy: Go ______ for about 5 minutes. Then you’ll see the Cultural Center _________. Mike: Thank you very much!Kathy: ______________. a little bit been can I straight on the left Your’re welcome
l.p 2 l.p 11 Task 2 Listen to Conversation 2 and make your choices 1 Where does the pedestrian want to go? A.The Concert Hall. B. The Central Hall. C.The City Hall. D.The City Museum. How long does it take the pedestrian to get there by bus? A. At least half an hour. B. At most an hour. C. At least an hour. D. At most two hours. C 2 C
Listening script l.p 2 3 B According to the conversation which of the following statements is NOT true? A. The pedestrian should get there in 20 minutes.B. The pedestrian should get there in an hour.C. The policeman suggests that the subway is much faster.D. The pedestrian thinks the bus too slow. How will the pedestrian probably get there? A. By bus. B. By taxi. C. By subway. D. By train. Where is the subway station? A. Near a post office. B. Next to a post office.C. In front of a post office. D. Behind a post office. C 4 A 5
l.p li.s Pedestrian: Good morning, Sir. Can you show me the way to the City Hall?Policeman: Take the No.1 bus at the bus stop there and get off at the last stop.Pedestrian: How long does it take to get there?Policeman: At least one hour, I am afraid.Pedestrian: Oh, I should get there in 20 minutes. Can you suggest another way for me?Policeman: Maybe you can take the subway. It’s much faster.Pedestrian: Where is the nearest subway station?Policeman: Go along this street and turn right at the traffic lights. The subway station is on your right near a post office.Pedestrian: Thanks a lot.Policeman: My pleasure.
l.p 4 - 1 Practice Directions: Your friend moved to another city. You (A) went to visit her/him, but you lost your way near the railway station. someone (B) how to get there.
l.p 4 - 2 A: Excuse me, but can you tell me how to get to____ (place). It is the first time for me to be here. B: Sure, it will be a long way to get there. A: I was told to take No. 1 bus, but I ____________________. B: Don’t worry. ________________ . It is on my way home. A: Oh, really? _________________ .(walked for a while) B: Oh, ___________. This is the bus stop. A: __________________________________. B: _____________. can not find the bus stop I can take you there It is very kind of you here we are Thank you for spending your time with me It’s my pleasure
Listening script l.p 5 Directions: You will hear two situational dialogues in this section. Each dialogue will be spoken twice. Listen carefully and do the exercises. Task 1Listen to Dialogue 1 and decide whether the following statements are true(T) or false(F) 1 The man is looking for Engineering Department Building. The Building is quite close to the school library. The library is next to the park. The Building is in front of the park. It will not take long for the man to walk there. ( F ) 2 ( T ) 3 ( F ) 4 ( F ) 5 ( T )
l.p li.s M: Excuse me. Could you tell me where the English Department Building is? W: Sure. It’s quite close to the school library. M: I am sorry but I don’t know the location of the library. W: The library is in front of the park, and the English Department Building is next to it. M: Is it far to walk? W: No, it’s not far at all, only a couple of hundred meters. M: Thank you very much. W: You are welcome.
l.p 7 Task 2Listen to Dialogue 2 and answer the following questions 1 Where does the woman want to go? She wants to go to the Tian’anmen Square. 2 According to the taxi driver, how long will it take to get there? It will take an hour to get there.
Listening script l.p 71 3 Why should the woman arrive there before 2 o’clock. Because she has an appointment at 2 o’clock. 4 Did the woman arrive on time? Yes, she did. 5 How much is the fare? It’s 50 yuan.
l.p li.s Passenger: Hey taxi! Ah great. Thanks for pulling over. Driver: Welcome to take Beijing taxi! Where would you like to go, madam?Passenger: Well ,I’m going to the Tian’anmen Square. Driver: Sure, no problem.Passenger: Oh, excuse me, how long will it take to get there? Driver: You see the traffic is busy now, so I think it will take us an hour.Passenger: But I have an appointment at 2 o’clock. Do you think we can arrive there before 2 o’clock? Driver: Don’t worry. I will try my best. (Forty minutes later) Driver: Here we are, the Tian’anmen Square. It’s just 2 o’clock.Passenger: Thanks a lot. How much should I pay? Driver: 50 yuan.Passenger: Here you are. Byebye. Driver: Bye.
l.p 13 Practice Directions: Suppose you (A) are a stranger and you lose your way on the way back to the Peace Hotel. You go to a policeman (B) for help.
l.p 14 A: _________, Sir. I am lost. I don’t know how to get to the __________.B: Don’t worry. I’ll show you the way.___________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________.（students may have different answers for this blank.）A: ____________________________B: At least an hour, I’m afraid.A: Oh, it takes too long._______________________________B: Maybe _______________.A: Do you have any idea about the taxi fare?B: ___________________________.(students may have different answers for this blank.)A: ____________________________.B: _______________. Excuse me Peace Hotel Go straight for about 10 minutes. Take No. 2 bus at the bus stop and get off at East Road. Go to the opposite, and you’ll find the Peace Hotel with no problem How long does it take to get there? Can you suggest another way for me? you can take a taxi The taxi fare costs about 30 yuan Thank you very much for your help You are welcome
s.a 1f Activity 1 Activity 2
s.a 1 Directions: Work in pairs. Suppose this is your first time to visit a certain place, and you need to ask the natives for directions. Make a dialogue trying to use the following sentence patterns. Excuse me,can (could) you tell me/sorry to trouble you, but… How to get to/where is the way to… Go down the street…; straight on…; keep walking... On the left/right; near…; next to…; opposite…; on the corner; at the end of the street; the first turning on the left/right
s.a 2 Directions: Work in pairs. Please make up your own dialogues based on the following situations, and you may refer to the sentences in Language bank. Situation 1: A new student asks you how to get to the library. You give him directions. Situation 2: A stranger wants to know the way to the department store. Give him the directions and he repeats.
l.b 5fz Asking directions Giving direction Calling a taxi Asking the conductor（售票员） to tell you your stop Asking and giving information about bus driving
1 lb 打扰一下，请问这是去……的路吗？ 您能给我指一下去……的路吗？ 您能给我指一下去……的路吗？ 去……怎么走啊？从这里去……最好的/最快的路是哪条？ Excuse me. Is this the right way to…? Could you show me the way to…? Could you direct me to…? How can I get to…? What’s the best/quickest way to get to…from here? Would you possibly/by any chance be able to tell me how to get to…? Do you/Would you by any chance know the way to…? 您能告诉我去……怎么走吗？ 您知道去……的路怎么走吗？
2 lb Follow this road until you come to… Keep going before you come to… Go down the street, and turn left on the first crossing road. Go along this way for about 15 minutes. It’s just across the street/round the corner. You’ll have to get off at the next stop. Take the No. 5 bus going in the other direction/in the opposite direction. 沿着这条路一直走到…… 一直走，直到你来到…… 沿着这条街走，然后在第一个十字路口左拐。 沿着这条路一直走15分钟。 就在对面/街角处。 你得下一站下车。 到对面乘五路车。
3 lb Drive me to the Bank of China, please. I’ve got to catch the 6:20 train. Do you think I can make it? Please take me to this address. Will you give me a ride to the airport? 请载我到中国银行。 我得赶6∶20的火车，你觉得我还来得及吗？ 请拉我到这个地方。 你能拉我到机场吗？
4 lb Please tell me when it is my stop. Put me off at the Third Avenue (街), please. Would you please tell me when we can arrive at the Peace Hotel? 到站的时候请告诉我一声。 请在第三大街停车。 你能告诉我什么时候到和平饭店吗？
5 lb Can I get to the library on this bus? How much is the fare? Is this the right bus for the station? Will this bus take me to the train station? It’s only a few stops from here. Two more stops, and you’ll get off. You have missed your stop. 这辆车到图书馆吗？ 车票多少钱？ 这是不是去火车站的车？ 坐这辆车能去火车站吗？ 过几站路就到了。 再过两站你就下车。 你坐过站了。
Lt 朗读与想象（Reading and Imagining） 记单词的第一个步骤是大声朗读。先将整句话读几遍，然后把单词单独地读几遍。读的时候，脑海中要根据它的发音来“描绘”它的字型。经常做这种练习的人，只要口中朗读单词的读音，眼前就会浮现出这个单词的形象。要注意看到的是整个字，而不是个别的字母。接着，眼睛离开书本，把整个句子复诵一两遍，然后复诵您要背的单词。这样单词就会记得非常牢固。
Patr2 Text A Text B Culture Tips
Task A Suggested teaching plan for Text A Pre-reading task Text A Activities
A s.t.p 1 Suggested teaching plan for Text A
Pre-reading 1. Are you satisfied with the traffic situation in your city/hometown? Have you got some suggestions to improve it? 2. There are many traffic accidents every day in large modern cities. What do you think are the real causes of these accidents? 3. List your suggestions for preventing traffic accidents.
译文 z.w 1 Automobile Accidents Thousands of people are injured or killed every year in car accidents, and car accident figureshave reached such numbers that they are thought to become the main cause of preventable death over the next fifteen years. Road accidents are the most popular cause of personal injury claims, and whether you were the driver or passenger in a car accident, or even ifyou are a pedestrianinvolved ina car accident, you could be entitled to compensation for pain, suffering and injury caused by a road traffic accident that was not your fault.
译文 z.w 22 Claims against an uninsured driver Claims for serious injuries Claims for medical expenses caused by a car accident Claims for loss of income Claims for defectivevehicles Claims for pedestrians involved in car accidents Some of the claims that you may be able to make include: ● ● ● ● ● ●
译文 z.w 1-1 Over recent years, many special firms have began operations offering legal accident for those involved in a car accident that was not their fault. The potential for claiming compensation for a car accident that was not your fault and caused injury or harm is high. Traditionally, these costs were covered by just the insurance companies. However, special law firms can help you to get the compensation for all losses such as medical expenses, loss of earnings, and harm caused by the accident. In addition to this, these car accident law firms can help in situations where the person at fault was not insured and therefore cannot pay through their insurance.
译文 译文 z.w 2 When you seek legal assistance in order to claim compensation following a car accident that was not your fault, you may have to provide medical evidence. It is important to seekassistance and advice from a qualified and experienced car accident lawyer as soon as possible following the incident. An experienced car accident lawyer can help you to get the compensation you deserve to cover any costs incurred due to the accident, such as medical expenses. Even if you are unsure as to whether you have grounds to make a claim, it is worth going to see a lawyer, as he or she will be able to determine the viability of your case based on the facts and evidence.
译文 z.w 2-1 Whatever type of injury you have sustained from a car accident that was not your fault, and however small or insignificant it appears to be, you should always seek both medical and legal assistance immediately following the accident.
译文 zw1-y.w 每年都有成千上万的人在车祸中受伤或死亡。这个数字上升如此之快,以致于车祸被认为是未来15年中导致死亡而又可避免的主要原因。公路交通事故是个人伤害索赔中最主要的原因。不管你是交通事故中的司机还是乘客，或者即使你只是因其受害的过路人，只要你不是过错方，你都有权得到因交通事故遭受疼痛、痛苦和伤害的赔偿。
译文 zw2-y.w 您要求的索赔可能会包括如下几项： 因司机未入保险而索赔 因严重的伤害而索赔 因车祸带来的医疗花费而索赔 因收入损失而索赔 因机动车故障而索赔 因车祸导致行人受伤而进行索赔 ● ● ● ● ● ●
译文 zw3-y.w 近年来，许多专业公司开始运作，为交通事故中的非过错方提供法律援助。如果您不是过错方并且在车祸中遭受了严重的伤害和损失，那么索赔的可能性就会很大。一般传统意义上的赔偿只由保险公司来支付。然而，专业法律公司可以为你争取到所有的包括医疗花销、收入损失、伤害等方面的赔偿。除此以外，这些专门受理交通事故索赔的法律公司还可以帮助处理因过错方没有投保而无法通过保险来进行赔偿的案例。
译文 zw4-y.w 车祸发生后，你以非过错方的身份要求法律帮助以期获得赔偿时，必须出具医学证明。