unit1 Ⅰ. Proverb Ⅱ. Objectives Ⅲ. Background knowledge Ⅳ. Presentation
Part12345 PartⅠ Listening & Speaking PartⅡ Reading PartⅢ Grammar PartⅣ Translation PartⅤ Writing
Preview The groundwork of all happiness is health. ~ Leigh Hunt Health is a blessing that money cannot buy. ~ Izaak Walton
1. express the symptoms and communicate with the doctor. 2. use the words and expressions in the texts and retell the main idea of the passage. 4. 5. translate non-restrictive attributive clauses. write a letter of congratulation and reply. interpret the uses of participles. 3. Objectives After studying this unit, the students are expected to be able to
Bgklg2fz World AIDS Day December 1 Themes for World AIDS Day The Red Ribbon
Bgklg3qz1 According to UN AIDS （联合国艾滋病规划署）estimates there were 38.6 million adults and 3.2 million children living with HIV at the end of 2002, and during the year 5 million new people became infected with the virus.Around half of all people who become infected with HIV do so before they are 25, 35.95% of the total number of people with HIV live in the developing world.But HIV still remains a threat to the people of all ages and nationalities. Stigma and Discrimination is the theme of the 2003 World AIDS day. In many parts of the world, discrimination prevents people who are known to have HIV from securing a job or caring for their families. Discrimination can cause isolation and marginalize （排斥）people who have HIV and AIDS. This can prevent people from being offered or seeking the treatment which could save their lives.
Bgklg2qz2 In order for HIV to be effectively tackled on an international level, efforts need to be made to end the discrimination against people with HIV and AIDS. Educate people in safer sex and drug use, using appropriate media. Provide condoms freely to people in the developing world. Provide financial and medical assistance so that people with HIV and AIDS can be treated. Started in 1988, World AIDS Day is not just about raising money, but also about raising awareness, education and fighting prejudice. World AIDS Day is also important in reminding people that HIV has not gone away, and that there are many things still to be done.
Bgklg2qz3 The theme for World AIDS Day 2003 is Stigma and Discrimination. Each year there is a particular theme chosen for World AIDS Day, and for the last sixteen years the themes have been as follows： 2006 Stop AIDS，Keep the Promise2005 Stop AIDS，Keep the Promise2004 Women and AIDS2003 Stigma and Discrimination2002 Stigma and Discrimination2001 I care. Do you？2000 AIDS：Men make a difference1999 Listen, Learn, Live：World AIDS Campaign with Children and Young People1998 Force For Change：World AIDS Campaign With Young People
Bgklg2qz4 1997 Children Living in a World with AIDS1996 One World, One Hope1995 Shared Rights, Shared Responsibilities1994 AIDS and the Family1993 Time to Act1992 Community Commitment1991 Sharing the Challenge1990 Women & AIDS1989 Youth1988 Communication
Bgklg2qz43 The Red Ribbon is an international symbol of AIDS awareness that is worn by people all year round and particularly around world AIDS day to demonstrate care and concern about HIV and AIDS, and to remind others of the need for their support and commitment. The red ribbon started as a “grass roots” effort, and as a result there is no official red ribbon, and many people make their own. To make your own ribbons, get some ordinary red ribbon, about 1.5 cm wide and cut it into strips about 15 cm long. Then fold at the top into an inverted “V” shape and put a safety pin through the centre which you use to attach the ribbon to your clothing. For more information about World AIDS Day, please visit http://www.chinadaily.com.cn.
part1 5fz Suggested teaching plan for listening and speaking Listening practice Speaking activities Language bank Learning Tips
s.t.p 1 Suggested teaching plan for listening and speaking
l.p z2 Short Conversations Situational Dialogues
l.p 1 Directions: You will hear two short conversations in this section. Each conversation will be spoken twice. Listen carefully and do the exercises. Task 1Fill in the blanks with the words you hear in Conversation 1 A: What’s your ______?B: I’m running a ___________ and I have a _________. A: ________has this been going on?B: ____ days.A: It’s nothing_______. Take it ____. Take this medicine and you’ll be well soon. B: Thank you, doctor. trouble temperature headache How long Two easy serious
Listening script l.p 2 Task 2 Listen to Conversation 2 and decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) 1 This dialogue takes place at a Medical Service Center. Davis Wang came here for sightseeing. Doctor Johnson is very busy today. Davis Wang didn’t make an appointment with Doctor Johnson. Doctor Johnson told Davis Wang to come at about five this afternoon. (T) 2 (F) 3 (T) 4 (F) 5 (F)
l.p li.s Secretary: Medical Service Center. May I help you? Patient: Yes, I want to see the doctor today. Secretary: Will this be your first visit? Patient: Yes, I’m here on business. My name is Davis Wang. Secretary: I’m sorry, but the doctor has a full calendar today, Mr. Wang. Patient: But I called at nine o’clock. Secretary: What did the doctor say? Patient: Dr. Johnson told me to come at about three this afternoon. Secretary: I see. Then, you do come, please.
l.p 4 - 1 Practice Directions: Suppose you (A) are the doctor and your partner (B) is the patient. Now you are at the doctor’s and complete the following conversation by filling in the blanks.
l.p 4 - 2 A: What seems to be _________?B: I’m not feeling well. I’ve got a sore ______and I’ve been ________for two days.A: Let me take ______________ first. You are running______. Now, let me check your chest. Breathe___. Hold your breath. Breathe____. That’s it. I think you’ve got the flu.B: Are you going to give me an injection?A: No, it’s nothing_______. I’ll _________you some medicine and a cough syrup. A: Okay. Take one pill _______________after meals. You can take the cough syrup as needed. Drink plenty of _____and have some____. You ____________ soon.B: Thank you, doctor. the trouble coughing throat your temperature a fever in out prescribe serious three times a day fluids rest will be all right Students may have different answers for some blanks.
Listening script l.p 5 Directions:You will hear two situational dialogues in this section. Each dialogue will be spoken twice. Listen carefully and do the exercises. Task 1Listen to Dialogue 1 and answer the following questions 1 How is Mrs. Smith feeling today? She is not feeling________. She has got_________. very well a bad cold 2 Has Mrs. Smith got a sore throat, too? __, but she has got__________. Noa headache 3 How long has this been going on? ________. Two days 4 Is Mrs. Smith’s illness very serious? __________________. No,it’s nothing serious 5 What’s the doctor’s suggestion? _________________________________________________. Have some rest and take one of these pills every three hours
l.p li.s Mrs. smith: Good morning, doctor. Doctor: Good morning, Mrs. Smith. How are you today? Mrs. smith: I’m not feeling very well. I’ve got a bad cold. Doctor: Have you got a sore throat, too? Mrs. smith: No, but I’ve got a headache. Doctor: How long has this been going on? Mrs. smith: Two days. Doctor: Oh, I see. It’s nothing serious. Take some rest and take one of these pills every three hours. Mrs. smith: Thank you very much, doctor.
l.p 7 Task 2Listen to Dialogue 2 and make your choices 1 What are Zhang Tao and Li Ming doing on the playground? A. Playing games. B. Running.C. Playing football.D. Playing volleyball. C 2 What part of the body does Li Ming get broken? A. His leg. B. His arm. C. His hand. D. His ankle. A
Listening script l.p 71 3 What does Zhang Tao get for Li Ming to carry him to hospital? A. A wheelchair. B. An ambulance. C. A stretcher. D. A taxi. C 4 C How does the doctor treat the injury? A. The doctor gives him some medicine.B. The doctor asks him to have a good rest.C. The doctor has a plaster cast on his leg.D. The doctor has his broken leg cut off. 5 How long will the plaster be cast on his leg? A. At least one month. B. At most one month. C. At least one week. D. At most one week. A
l.p li.s Zhang Tao and Li Ming are playing football on the playground. Suddenly Li Ming squats and stops playing. Zhang Tao: What’s wrong with you? Li Ming: My leg hurts and I cannot stand. I think my leg is broken.Zhang Tao: Please don’t move. I’ll get you a stretcher right away. Does it hurt here? Li Ming: Yes, a lot.Zhang Tao: I think you need an X-ray. We’ll send you to the hospital at once. Don’t worry, you’ll be all right. Li Ming： I’d like you to go with me. Is it OK? Zhang Tao： Sure.They are now at hospital. Mr. Smith, a doctor checks Li Ming’s injury and has a plaster cast on his leg.Li Ming: How long will the plaster be cast on? Doctor: At least one month. Li Ming: Oh, my God. Doctor: Don’t be so upset and you’ll be well soon. Li Ming: Thank you, doctor.
l.p 13 Practice Directions: You (B) don’t feel well and you go to see the doctor (A). Try to complete the dialogue by filling in the blanks.
l.p 14 A: Good afternoon! How can I ________ today?B: Doctor, I have a bad ____. Is there anything you can do to help me?A: Let me take ______________first. Well, you have a _____ fever but it seems nothing_______. What you need is to have a good ____and drink a lot of ______. Also, eat healthy _____ and take this ________.B: But, doctor, I don’t have time to rest. Our college is having an _________next week and I’m in _______ of getting everything in order.A: I understand your problem. However，if you don’t get plenty of rest, your cold could _________ and you might end up _________ next week. So what matters most? You must think it over.B: OK. Thank you very much. It’s ________ of you.A: You’re welcome. help you cold your temperature slight serious rest water food medicine inspection charge get worse in hospital very kind
s.a 1f Activity 1 Activity 2
s.a 1 Directions: Work in pairs. Suppose you are the doctor and your partner is the patient. Your partner comes to see you. Make a dialogue trying to use the following sentence patterns. What’s wrong /the matter/ the trouble with you? I’ve got a headache/ backache/ stomachache/ bad cold… It’s nothing serious. Take some medicine and have a rest, and you’ll be well soon.
s.a 2 Directions: Work in pairs. Please make up your own dialogues based on the following situations, and you may refer to the sentences in Language bank. Situation 1: You meet your partner at the library and you find your partner doesn’t look fine. Your partner feels dizzy. Situation 2: You and your roommates are in the dormitory. One of your roommates feels sick.
l.b 7fz Stating the symptoms Responding to the symptoms
1 lb You look pale. I don’t feel well. I feel sick. I have a stomachache. I’ve got a pain in my back. I have a sharp pain. I have some food poisoning. I feel dizzy. I don’t have any appetite. I think I have a fever. I’ve got a bad cold. I’ve got a stuffy/running nose. 你脸色不好。 我觉得不舒服。 我感觉恶心。 我胃疼。 我背疼。 我疼得厉害。 我食物中毒。 我头晕目眩。 我没有胃口。 我想我发烧了。 我得了重感冒。 我鼻子不通气/流鼻涕。
2 lb It’s nothing serious. Do you need a doctor? Please call an ambulance. I’d like to see a doctor. Could you send me a doctor? Let me take your temperature. Let me check your chest! Are you taking any medication regularly? You need an operation. Should I be hospitalized? You must stay in bed and have a good rest. I hope you’ll be well soon. 不要紧，一点儿也不严重。需要叫医生吗？ 请叫救护车。 我想去看医生。 你能给我叫个医生吗？ 我给你量量体温吧。 我给你检查一下胸部吧! 你按时吃药吗？ 你需要做手术。 我应该住院吗？ 你需要卧床静养，好好休息。 祝你早日恢复健康。
Lt 泛听（Extensive Listening） 进行泛听训练时，我们首先选择材料。所选材料最好是比自己的实际英文听力水平略高的听力材料，或者可以从自己比较感兴趣的材料听起。在训练时，应持之以恒，最好每天坚持听。同时还要注意语音、语调。模仿重复里面能够捕捉到的只言片语。听多了以后，尝试重复更长一点的句子，哪怕听不清楚具体的词汇，只是跟着调子哼哼，也是有用的。
Patr2 Text A Text B Culture Tips
Task A Suggested teaching plan for Text A Pre-reading task Text A Activities
A s.t.p 1 Suggested teaching plan for Text A
Pre-reading 1. What do you know about AIDS? 2. Do you know how to prevent yourself from being infected with AIDS? 3. What effective measures do you think we should take to prevent AIDS?
译文 z.w 1 Filling the Prevention Gap We have come a long waysince December 1 was declared “World AIDS Day” in 1988. Back then, AIDS was a relatively new, commonly misunderstooddisease that left an estimated 5 to 10 million with the disease with little hope of long-term survival.
译文 z.w 2 Today, despite major advances in testing, treatment, and mother-childtransmission,HIV/AIDS is still outpacing us. We know how to prevent it, and yet last year an estimated 4.3 million people became newly infected with HIV—the vast majority in developing countries. Only a fractionwill be treated.
译文 z.w 3 Fewer than 15 percent of young women in Southeast Asia—home to one of the highest rates of new infections—know how to protect themselves from infection. Worldwide, fewer than one in eight people at high riskcan find a nearby clinic offering HIV testing and counseling. Fewer than one in ten people at high risk have access tocondoms. And in Africa, where the majority ofpeople living with HIV/AIDS are women, fewer than one in ten have access to treatments to keep their newborns from inheriting the virus.
译文 z.w 4 World AIDS Day is a call to action. Today in Nepal, Mercy Corps is supporting an event hosted by Nava Kiran Plus—a group led by HIV—positiveactivists—to bring their prevention message to young people at risk. Here at home, you can get the word outin your community about what is at stakein the fight against AIDS, and join international efforts such as The One Campaignto lobby governments to spend more on access to prevention. It is estimated that universal access to effective prevention would avert 28 million new HIV cases in the next ten years, saving immeasurable suffering, loss of life and an estimated ＄24 billion in treatment expense, human and financial costs we simply can not afford.
译文 z.w 5 A quarter-century into the battle against HIV/AIDS, there is a lot to be proud of. But success in the next quarter-centurywill not be judged only by the number of new drugs or prevention technologies, but also by the number of people with access to the basic tools of disease prevention. Because in the endthere is only number that really matters: the number of lives saved.
译文 zw1-y.w 自从1988年12月1日被确定为第一个“世界艾滋病日”以来，全球艾滋病预防工作成绩显著。那时，人们对艾滋病知之甚少，甚至充满误解。据估算，当时艾滋病患者约有5百万至1千万，他们长期生存的希望非常渺茫。
译文 zw2-y.w 现在，尽管艾滋病检测、治疗以及预防母婴传播技术取得了巨大进步，人类还是无法治愈这种疾病。尽管我们知道如何预防，但去年全球仍有430万艾滋病病毒感染者，其中绝大多数在发展中国家。只有少数感染者能够得到治疗。
译文 zw3-y.w 东南亚是全球艾滋病新感染者最多的地区之一。在该地区，只有不到15%的年轻女性知道如何保护自己，不染上艾滋病。从全球范围来看，在高危人群中，到就近诊所咨询有关艾滋病知识、接受检查的不到八分之一，使用安全套者不到十分之一。在非洲，艾滋病感染者大部分为女性，只有不到十分之一的妇女能够通过医疗手段预防母婴传播。
译文 zw4-y.w 世界艾滋病日号召人们行动起来。如今，在尼泊尔，国际美慈组织资助了一项由名为Nava Kiran Plus的机构发起的活动，该机构的领导者均为艾滋病病毒携带者，活动的目的是向高危年轻人提供艾滋病预防信息。人们在社区中，足不出户就能掌握艾滋病预防的最新进展，还可以加入国际性活动，如“统一行动”，努力争取各国政府在艾滋病防治中投入更多资金。据估算，有效、全面的预防措施可使未来十年新的艾滋病病毒感染者减少2800万,减轻众多患者的巨大痛苦，挽救更多的生命，还可以节约240亿美元的治疗费用——这些生命、财产损失，我们都是难以承受的。
译文 zw5-y.w 过去的25年，艾滋病防治工作成绩斐然，令人骄傲。但是今后的25年，判断艾滋病防治工作成功与否，不仅要看出现了多少新药、新技术，而且更要看有多少人能使用基本的预防器具，因为最终挽救了多少生命才真正重要。