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Lok Jumbish

Lok Jumbish

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Lok Jumbish

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  1. Lok Jumbish A ‘People's Movement’ CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  2. The literal meaning of Lok Jumbish is 'people's movement' which signifies both the spirit and mode of universalisation of elementary education • Launched in 1992 to universalise elementary education  of satisfactory quality in Rajasthan. • Government of India and Government of Rajasthan  jointly formulated the project in wake of the National Policy on Education, 1986. • The Swedish International Development Authority  agreed to provide the funds with a funding pattern of Swedish International Development Authority, Government of India and Government of Rajasthan in the ratio of 3:2:1. CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  3. Objectives • Improving The Quality Of Education • Enrolment Of Girls • Education Of Minority Children • Low Cost Hostels • Education & Development of Children With Disabilities • Non-Formal Education • Minimum Levels of Learning • School Buildings Development Programme Through Local Participation CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  4. The Management System • Lok Jumbish aimed to achieve basic education for all through active participation of the local community • People to manage and, where necessary, modify the delivery system • Experiences at the grassroots level helped to shape the implementation and modification of the LJ programmes • Decentralised, ‘bottom-up process.’Antithetical to a centralised, hierarchical way of functioning CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  5. Bottom to Top Approach Village Level Committees/Building Nirman Samitis/Women’s Groups • Community members who liaison with LJ personnel Cluster Level • staff are paid LJ employees. • most important level of management. • planned and implemented the school-mapping exercises with the villagers • organised training for the village level committees, and NFE centres and provide technical help in the preparation of various proposals Block Steering Group • Project officer • 2-3 Assistant project officer • 1 women officer (samyukta) CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  6. Block Education Management Committee • Members include LJ personnel at the block steering group • representatives from the panchayat samitis (elected local self-governing bodies) • officers of the education department of the government of Rajasthan • The chair, nominated by the administrative committee of LJ an eminent educator or an important public servant. • decisions regarding the opening or upgrading of schools and improving the quality of education; it also provided guidance regarding the implementation of LJ programmes. Area Coordinator • in charge of seven to eight blocks. • assistance in establishing block steering group offices, • organising, training cluster personnel, • selecting cluster staff CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  7. Establishing Needs Estimation & Preparation of Items Implementation of Works Lok Jumbish Parishad Block Steering Group Mobilising Agency Core Group School Mapping Village Education Committee School Enrollment Data Micro Planning Block Steering Group Establishing Needs Lok Jumbish The Process CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  8. Consulting Architects Lok Jumbish Parishad Appointment Appointment Block Project Officer Block Steering Group Inputs Mobilising Agency Field Architect/Engineer Organisation &Training Programme Technical Inputs Building Construction Committee Estimation & Item Preparation Appointment Technical Inputs CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  9. Implementation of Work Lok Jumbish Parishad Block Steering Group Mobilising Agency Field Architect/Engineer Building Construction Committee Masons Materials Supervision Labour Newly Renovated/Constructed Building With Learning Aids CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  10. Activities Undertaken Structural repairs These were mostly undertaken for cracks in the foundation and superstructure masonry due to improper bonding and bad workmanship. About 40 % sites required the structural repairs of cracks in foundation or superstructure. CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  11. General repairs These included that of the floor, plaster, roof waterproofing, doors and windows. 92% sites had a leaking roof, in rains, which wer repaired. CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  12. Additional provisions These included provisions of new windows and ventilators, storage spaces, drinking water facility, toilet facility, new floor, sit-outs, etc. Toilets and urinals were made in only 24 % sites since proper water supply was not assured by the community in some of the sites. Additional storage space in the form of almirahs or lofts were required in about 67% sites. New windows and ventilators, to improve light and ventilation, were needed in about 60% of the sites. Indoor environment enhancement These included making new black / green- broads, window grills, provision for keeping and using soft learning aids in the classroom, etc. While new black broads were needed and made in 87% of the sites, green broads were made in about 83 %. Although window security grills were needed and made in 58% of the sites, the 'learning grills' could be made in only 12 % sites. Painting and white washing was done almost all the sites CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  13. The outdoor environment enhancement These included making of outdoor learning pits, platforms, engraved letters and numerals, engraving learning exercises in walls and floors, new roof parapet, etc. Environment enhancement items like making of patterned 2 parapet on the roof were made in several sites. Making learning pits and engraved letters and exercises was carried out only in about 15% of the schools because only these schools had the ideal combination of a good BCC and promising site elements. These figures include only the major learning aid intervention sites. CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  14. Impact • In the 1,500 or so NFE centres functioning, there were 20,000 girls and 9,200 boys receiving education. • As of December, 1996 operationalised in 186 clusters with mapping done in 1,878 villages. • Over 1,200 women’s groups had been formed, 1,500 Sehaj Shiksha centres established and almost 6,000 teachers trained • Participation rates in primary education in 240 villages increased from 1994-95 to 1996-97 from 60% to 79% for boys and from 27% to 59% for girls. CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  15. Update • Lok Jumbish Phase-III envisaged that a beginning of implementation of Lok Jumbish programmes would be made in small urban towns • Meeting was organized during December 2000 in order to develop an understanding regarding working in urban areas • Workshop held on 7th July 2001, on the same issue which among others was attended by Pratham - a Mumbai based NGO working in the field area, Bodh - a Jaipur based NGO working in the same field and Jan Shalas, a UN-GOR jointly funded programme for working in urban areas. • August 2000 DFID agreed to fund the project CAM Toolkit for Engineers

  16. Thank You CAM Toolkit for Engineers