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Introduction. to Asbestos Practices -1 hr.

Introduction. to Asbestos Practices -1 hr.

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Introduction. to Asbestos Practices -1 hr.

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  1. Introduction. to Asbestos Practices -1 hr. DOS Course #49-5108 In-service #68110MMYY0000 By Dan Coyle

  2. Registration Cards • County Location • Course # 49-5108 • FDID& City Code # • Completion Date MM-YY • Instructor: blank • County Code: relates to FDID

  3. Registration Cards (cont.) • Instructor Code • County Code • In-service Number • 681100MMYY0000

  4. Contact • NYS Dept. of Labor • DOSH-ACB, Room 202 • 450 S. Salina St. • Syracuse 13202 • (315) 479-3215 • www.labor.state.ny.us, labor.ny.gov • www.alternativemodelingsolution.com

  5. Talk Choices • One Hour general basics, code independent • Two Hour extreme work practices details – ICR56

  6. Major CEO Points • Always Licensed Contractors & Certified People • Survey or ID Friable & Non-friable ACM’s • Notifications - Building, DOL, EPA • Clearance & Visual Inspection • Written Assurance of Removal Performed for Work Area & Associated ACM’s

  7. Talk Agenda • I. Asbestos Background - preliminary • II. Regulatory Jurisdictions – gov’t • III. General Project Life Cycle - phases • IV. Statutory Credentials - permits • V. Project Oversight – who, what • VI. Project Abatement Basics - jargon

  8. Talk Agenda (cont.) • VII. Common Abatement Methods – ACM types • VIII. Variances – alternatives, difficulties • IX. Enforcement – agencies, issues • X. Web Pages – more information • XI. Conclusion – good ideas • XII. Proposed ICR56 Revisions – ?

  9. I. Asbestos Background • A Properties – why & what asbestos is • B. Health concerns – damage & diseases • C. Applications – materials & where found • D. Concept of asbestos project – abatement

  10. A. Properties • Fibrous mineral  small: micron size • Various types  Canadian chrysotile, amosite, & others • Common & nice to use • Heat insulator • Material binder

  11. B. Adverse Health Effects • Lung Cancer & Smoking Risks • Synergistic, multipied => X • Mesothelioma of pleural lining – fatal • Asbestosis (lung capacity)- chronic • General Fibrosis (alveoli scarring)- respirable dusts, not acute • Gastrointestinal problems & skin?

  12. C. Applications • Common in older (Thermal System Insulation) TSI’s, fireproofing • Common in older plasters, tiles • Common in built-in roofing, shingles • Common in newer glues, mastics, sealants • Many construction uses!

  13. Why Excessive Exposure Risks • Adverse Health Effects in Long Term  20 years + (smokers, contaminations?) • Common in Construction Practices • Exists in many places insulation, walls, flooring, ceilings, patches • Improper controls for exposure risks • Friable vs non-friable ACM’s ** breaking

  14. ACM Types • Asbestos Containing Materials • Friable: easily crumbled by hand- TSI’s, fireproofing, plasters, severely damaged • Non-friables: fibers encapsulated & difficult to break up, VAT, asphalt, organically bound • Cementatious can be pulverized easily

  15. D. Concept of Asbestos Project • Inspect for damaged and undamaged ACM • Survey- ACM’s discovered • In conjunction w/ demolition or renovation • Project management options of removal, repair, enclosure, or encapsulation • Project completion & clearance

  16. Abatement Options • Removal – ACM’s all gone • Enclosure – air tight construction around • Encapsulation – surface or bridging • All require same project procedures! • Repair – substrate spot removal & sealant • Operations & Maintenance – housekeeping, repairs

  17. Renovations • Survey for “Impacted Suspect Materials” • Portions built before 01January1974 • Employees to be Notified of ACM’s • All Materials Presumed ACM’s & • All Waste is assumed Regulated ACM (RACM) w/o survey

  18. Demolitions • New Definition Remove load bearing member? • Survey Required 5.1, p41; LL Section 241 Paragraph 10, built before 01 Jan. 1974 • CEO, ACB, & Site copies • Structurally unsound & Ag bldgs.-no survey • Abatement & Clearance Normally

  19. II. Jurisdictions • A. USEPA: Air pollutants, schools • B. OSHA: Industry, construction, etc. • C. NYSDEC: Solid Waste Facilities & Transporter Permits- transfer stations also • D. NYSDOL: Asbestos projects

  20. A. USEPA: 40CFR Part 763 AHERA: schools • Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act from Clean Air Act • Survey & test building interiors • Renovation surveys & management plans for response actions to maintain ACM’s

  21. AHERA (cont.) • Final air clearances for large scale / long duration projects in schools • NYS Education Dept. & DOH – enforcement agents • Compliance w/ OSHA, state abatement, & all applicable regulations

  22. USEPA: 40CFR Part 61 NESHAP: air quality • National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants • Demolition surveys • Qualified supervisor • Notifications for demolitions & renovations of major quantity RACM’s (friables) • Special disposal of RACM’s

  23. NESHAP ACM Types • Regulated Asbestos Containing Materials • Friable (RACM): surfacing- TSI, plasters, fireproofing & trowelled joint compound? • Category II Non-friables: transite • Category I Non-friables: VAT, built-up roofing, shingles, glues /mastics, & window glazing /caulks?

  24. B. OSHA • 1. General Industry Standard • 2. Construction Standard- 29CFR 1926.1101 • 3. Other S& H Standards

  25. 1. General Industry Standard • 29CFR 1910.1001 Asbestos • Employee Communication- surveys, exposure notification, training • Medical surveillance & records • Regulated areas of exposure risks • Special work practices to suit industry

  26. General Industry Standard (cont.) • Engineering controls – low risk & containment • PPE - hygiene, respirators • Housekeeping – janitorial, O&M • Administrative measures – employee rotations, common sense, etc.

  27. 2. Construction Standard • 29CFR 1926.1101 Asbestos • Starting point for project methods • Basic work practices for 4 project classes • By ACM types & amounts- classes • Abatement industry

  28. OSHA Project Class I • friables (TSI, surface coatings)  • NPE’s (Negative Pressure Enclosures), • Wet removals & stripping of surfaces • Disposal in leak tight packages (e.g. bags) • Greater than 10 square & 25 linear feet

  29. Class II • non-friables (NOB’s & transite)  bulk removals, not strips • Caulking, glazing, glues, shingles, tiles, • critical barriers indoors • Housekeeping & prompt clean up • And disposal in leak tight containers (e.g. dumpsters)

  30. Class III • O&M (Operations & Maintenance)- • Minor projects or disturbances • Limited isolations & short duration • Glove bags, mini-enclosures, & tents

  31. Class IV • Clean up of ACM debris, dust, etc.* • Sealed bags for dust & debris • Basic Housekeeping & janitorial! • Generally, OSHA classes simply range from a sealed area stripping, reduced emissions from bulk removals, minor scale operations, and clean-ups.

  32. 3. Other OSHA Standards • 29CFR 1910.134 Respiratory Protection • 1926.450 Scaffolds • 1926.500 Fall Protection • 1926.1053 Ladders • PPE – gloves, helmets, feet, clothing • Confined spaces

  33. C. DEC • Disposal & transport jurisdiction • Construction debris for unpackaged non-friables and • Special handling /packaging for friables (RACM’s), e.g. no surveys; • Title 6 Part 360 Solid Waste Management Facilities, 364 Waste Transporter Permits

  34. D Labor • Legislative intent - Labor Law Article 30, Section 900 • Contractor licenses, worker certifications, project notifications – credentials & permits • Chapter 520 of the Laws of 1989- In-Plant • Excessive Exposure Risks due to improper asbestos projects (poor Life Cycle)

  35. Labor Guidelines • Public protection from fibre releases due to bad contractors • Labor Law Article 30 asbestos project: • Removal, encapsulation, enclosure, or disturbance of friable asbestos or handling any ACM which may cause fiber release • 12NYCRR Part 56, Industrial Code Rule 56 (notifications, surveys, work practices);

  36. Labor (cont.) • Any visible ACM (dust, debris, etc.) is a project • Removal of all ACM’s before renovations & demolitions • NPE’s for all indoor projects except In-Plant Operations (OSHA coverage)

  37. Labor (cont.) • Package (bags) all non-friable and friable ACM’s unless outdoors

  38. III. General Project Life Cycle • Idea of abatement expands project concept • Derived from AHERA & ICR56 • Project procedures dependent upon ACM • Public protection  Monies • 3 Phases- Pre-abate, abate, clear

  39. Phase I  Pre-Abatement • Survey • Plan • Design • Background air sampling

  40. Phase II  Abatement • A. Pre-abatement enclosure construction • B. Removals & waste baggage w/ air Monitoring & project controls • C. Multiple cleaning sequences

  41. Phase III  Clearance • Extremely Clean • Final Visual Inspection • Final Air Clearance (indoors)

  42. DOL Project Exemption • Owner Occupied • Single Family House • Work Performed by Owner • Survey & Contractor required for Demolition

  43. IV. Statutory Credentials • A. Asbestos Contractor Licenses • B. Asbestos Certificates • C. Asbestos Project Notifications

  44. A. Asbestos Contractor License • LL Article 30, Section 902 • Title 12 Part 56-2.1  3.1, p20 • Business Registration • Insurances: workers’ comp, unemployment • At least 1 Certified Supervisor • Plus Certified Workers

  45. B. Asbestos Certifications • LL Article 30, Section 902 & 56-2.2(b)  3.2, p22 • USEPA Equivalent Worker Training • Model Accreditation= state reciprocity • Inspector- surveys • Management Planner- response actions • Project Designer- abatements

  46. Cert’s cont. • Supervisor- watch & control projects • Handler- all abatements • Operations & Maintenance- minors • Allied Trades- constructions or exposures • Air Monitor- pumps & cassettes • Project Monitor- watch, assess, “suggest”

  47. C. Asbestos Project Notifications • Licensed contractor • Large Project (>= 160 square or 260 linear footage) • Project fee ($4,000 max) • Schedule: $200, 400, 1000, $2000

  48. V. Project OverSight • A. Survey • B. Air Monitoring • C. Project Monitor • D. Enforcement

  49. A. Survey • AHERA- required for all schools • ICR 56- required for structures built before 1974 • Agricultural & condemned (structurally unsound) buildings exempt • Licensed contractor w/ certified inspector • Locations, type, conditions, amounts, fri?

  50. Surveys (cont.) • Non-friable- 2 samples minimum • Significant damage, damaged, good • Homgenous areas- 3(<1000 sqft), 5 (1000-5000 sqft), 9 (>5000 sqft) for friables • Surfacing material, TSI, Miscellaneous • Text to CEO, NYS