What is Puberty? 1. It is when your body starts growing and changing. 2. These changes occur because of hormones: estrogen(girls) testosterone(boys) When Does Puberty Occur?There is no exact age Boys:10-17 Girls:8-18
“Social” Changes Emotional Changes • You may start to socialize with different people. Yourfeelings change a lot and you may feel differently about your family, friends and classmates. 2. How to deal with it: “Make new friends but keep the old”. 1. When you go through puberty, your emotions are all over the place. One minute you may feel happy, and another minute you may feel very sad or angry. 2. How to deal with it: Try “think before you act”. If you just act on your emotions, without thinking, you may hurt someone’s feelings.
Physical Changes“It may feel weird but that’s normal” For both boys and girls The physical change: How to deal with it 1. Grow more body hair 1. Shave • 2. Gain weight 2. Eat healthy and exercise 3. Develop body odor 3. Wear deodorant/ bathe more • 4. Develop acne 4. Use facial cleansers or creams 5. Voice changes 6. Develop secondary sex characteristics
What Boys can Expect 2.Grow larger ears, hands and feet. 1.Growth spurt between 13-14 years old. 3.Develop larger muscles and broader shoulders. What Girls can Expect 1. Growth spurt around 11 years old. 2. Grow larger breasts. 3.Start to get rounder, wider hips and narrower waists. 4.Start menstruation (period) around13 years old.
Surviving Puberty 1. Ask lots ofquestions: There are no “stupid” questions. 2. Give your parents a chance:Your parents may not know how to deal with you “growing up”. 3. Look forinformation: Only use appropriate books and/or websites. NEVER do a “Google” search for puberty. 4. RESPECT and ACCEPTyour body: If you respect yourself, you are more likely to make sure others respect you. 5.Talkto somebody: Try to talk to someone who you feel comfortable with and who you can trust.
Why is the Female Reproductive System Important? • It produces eggs (sex cell). • It protects and nourishes the fertilized egg. • It allows a woman to give birth.
2. Ovulation: when the egg is release from the ovary 1. Ovaries:Two organs that produce, store, and release eggs into the fallopian tubes. They produce estrogen. 3. Fallopian Tubes: Connects the ovaries to the uterus (“highway” for eggs) 4. Uterus: Connects with thevagina, has some of the strongest muscles, and it expands and contracts to accommodate a growing fetus. 5. Cervix: A very small opening at the bottom of the uterus that expands to allow a baby to pass through. 6.Vagina: Muscular tube that extends from the uterus (womb) to the outsideof the body
Menstruation 2. If the egg isn’t fertilized, it dissolves. 3. Lasts from 3-5 days 1. Occurs once a month when ovulation occurs. 4. Effects: nausea, cramping, headache, CRANKY 5. Dealing with it: Tampons, pads
What makes up the Male Reproductive System? 1. The Penis 2. The Testicles 3. The Duct System 4. The Accessory Glands
1. Testicles: (Testes)They produce and storesperm (sex cell),and they produce the hormonetestosterone. 2. Penis: Made of theshaft and glans; it can expand and contract. There is something called the Urethra: It is the channel that carries the semen out side the body • 3. Scrotum: There are two of them and they are like a pouch; it holds the epididymis and testicles; it also regulates the temperature for sperm.
Parts of the Duct System Parts of the Accessory Glands 1. Epididymis: they are right next to the testicles, and they connect to the vas deferens. 2. Vas Deferens:a muscular tubethat transports the semen. Semenis the fluid that’s made up of a sperm and other fluids. • Seminal Vesicles: Provides fluidsto nourish sperm and is attached • to the vas deferens. 2. Prostate Gland: Produces part of sperm Fertilization: The union of the sperm and the egg.