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Establishment of the “Landscape Law”

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  1. Establishment of the “Landscape Law” January 2005 Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport The three laws on landscape and greenery were established on June 11, 2004,and promulgated on June 18, 2004.

  2. CONTENTS • 1. Three Laws on Landscape and Greenery ....................................................................................................................P1 • 2. Outline on the Budget and Tax System Related to the Three Laws on Landscape and Greenery ...........................P2 • 3. Efficacies of Favorable Landscape Formation ..............................................................................................................P3 • 4. Need for the Landscape Law ..........................................................................................................................................P4 • 5. Present State of Landscape Ordinances • (1) Content of landscape ordinances ...........................................................................................................................P6 • (2) Change in Numbers of Municipal Landscape Ordinances Established ...................................................................P7 • 6. Various Implementers That Support Landscape Formation ......................................................................................P8 • 7. Landscape Law • (1) Basic ideas and responsibilities ............................................................................................................................P9 • (2) Landscape Administrative Organizations and Landscape Planning ......................................................................P10 • (3) Action Regulation and Support Systems ..............................................................................................................P11 • (4) Procedures for Notification, Authorization, etc. ....................................................................................................P13 • (5) Public Facilities Important for Landscape .............................................................................................................P14 • (6) Other Systems ......................................................................................................................................................P15 • (7) Image of a Region Applicable to the Landscape Law ...........................................................................................P16 • (8) Landscape Formation Project Promotion Cost .......................................................................................................P17 • (9) Support through the Tax System .........................................................................................................................P18 • (10) Support by Deregulation .....................................................................................................................................P19 • [Reference 1] Major Items of the Action Plan to Make the Nation Prosperous Based on Tourism .............................................P20 • [Reference 2] Gist of the Outline on Beautiful Nation Creation Policy ..........................................................................................P21 • [Reference 3] Outline on the City Revitalization Vision .................................................................................................................P22

  3. 1. Three Laws on Landscape and Greenery Establishment of landscape-related law (Landscape Law) Fundamental review of greenery-related laws and systems (Law to revise part of the Urban Green Space Protection Law, etc.) Clarification of basic ideas to form and protect landscape Comprehensive promotion of formation of city parks and protection of green space and greening Establishment of a system to set up park areas three-dimensionally Clarification of responsibilities of national citizens, businesses, and administration Appearance of integrated efficacies Expansion / enrichment of a system to protect greenery of mountains in the suburbs of a city Preparation of basic plans on landscape Establishment of a system to regulate actions for landscape formation, etc. Introduction of greenery rate regulation for large-scale buildings, etc. Enrichment of systems related to outdoor advertising materials (Law concerning Establishment, etc., of Related Laws Accompanying Enforcement of the Landscape Law) Strengthening of roles of municipalities, expansion / enrichment of a simple removal system, securing of proper management of outdoor advertising business, etc. Tax system Budget Enrichment of the related budget and tax system Projects that contribute to landscape formation • Projects to realize rich greenery • Subsidy for general support project cost to develop a green space environment • Use of privately owned green space Exceptions for buildings, etc., that contribute to landscape formation • Landscape formation project promotion cost • Support for city improvement • Promotion of elimination of electric poles, etc. Exceptions related to protection, etc., of greenery of mountains in the suburbs of a city Promotion of the formation of beautiful landscape and rich greenery in various places throughout the nation Implementation of public projects considering landscape Realization of a world-class nation that is prosperous based on tourism Revitalization of local cities based on beautiful landscape Easing of heat island phenomenon and coexistence with nature 1

  4. 2. Outline on the Budget and Tax System Related to the Three Laws on Landscape and Greenery 1. Background •Establishment of an “action plan to make the nation prosperous based on tourism” (July 2003, ministerial meeting related to making the nation prosperous based on tourism) [Reference 1] •Establishment of an “outline on beautiful nation creation policy” (July 2003, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport) [Reference 2] •Report by the Panel on Infrastructure Formation, “city revitalization vision” (December 2003) [Reference 3], requests from local public bodies, etc. 2. Laws •“Landscape Law” •Establishment of landscape-related laws and ordinances, such as revision of the “Outdoor Advertising Materials Law” •Partial revision of the “Urban Green Space Protection Law” and the “City Park Law” 3. Budget •Establishment of landscape formation project promotion cost (budget: 20 billion yen) •Expansion / enrichment of the city development fund (the amount included in the budget of 8,198 million yen)     ⇒Addition of a land readjustment project within the landscape planning area to be applicable to interest-free loaning •Establishment of a general support project to form a green space environment (budget: 5 billion yen) 4. Tax system [Landscape Law-related] •Proper appraisal on buildings (including sites) important for landscape (inheritance tax) •Special exemption of 15 million yen when land, etc., in a landscape planning area is handed over to a landscape formation organization, etc. (income tax, corporate tax) [Related to the Urban Green Space Protection Law] •Proper appraisal on green space to be protected by district planning, etc. (inheritance tax) •Reduction of appraisal on land under management agreement (inheritance tax) •Proper appraisal on land loaned as a site for a multi-level park (inheritance tax) 2

  5. 3. Efficacies of Favorable Landscape Formation Example of Ise city from 1990 to 1993 Restriction of display and posting of outdoor advertising materials Disorderly outdoor advertising materials Establishment of a council Induction on feature design of buildings, etc. Consideration toward public facilities Streets with no sense of uniformity Unsightly electric wires Elimination of electric wires Number of tourists: 350,000 persons in 1992 3 million people in 2002 (About a ninefold increase through synergetic effects of street improvement and events) 3

  6. Examples of Cities with Increasing Interchange Populations through Aggressive Efforts in Landscape Formation Otaru city (Hokkaido)2.34 million persons (1975) to 8.47 million persons (2002) Kawagoe city (Saitama prefecture)1.99 million persons (1984) to 3.99 million persons (2002) Change in the interchange population in Kawagoe city Change in the interchange population in the entire area of Otaru city (10,000 persons) (10,000 persons) Otaru canal Ichibangai Street Entire city area Historic streets North Wall Street Kawagoe Festival 1988: Establishment of the Kawagoe City urban landscape ordinance 1999: Presentation of the final change of the basic plan to activate the central urban area 1999: Designation of districts for preservation of traditional building groups 1986: Establishment of a plan to activate the central urban areas in local cities 1992: City revitalization using the history and nature of Otaru Establishment of a landscape ordinance (fiscal year) (fiscal year) Ohmi Hachiman city (Shiga prefecture)9,000 persons (1980) to 47,000 persons (2002) The Mojiko area in Kita-Kyushu city0.73 million persons (1988) to 3.45 million persons (2002) Change in the interchange population in the Mojiko area in Kita-Kyushu city Change in the interchange population in the Ohmi Hachiman city traditional building district (10,000 persons) (1,000 persons) Traditional building group preservation district Mojiko area (fiscal year) Hachiman River (fiscal year) 1984: Establishment of the Kita-Kyushu urban landscape ordinance 2001: Presentation of the final change of the basic plan to activate the central urban area 2001: Establishment of the Kanmon landscape ordinance 1990: Designation of districts for preservation of traditional building groups 2002: Presentation of the final change of the basic plan to activate the central urban area 4

  7. 4. Need for the Landscape Law Present efforts ○ Slightly less than 500 local public bodies have established landscape ordinances as independent ordinances. As such, local public bodies are aggressively forming and protecting landscape. Limiting factors of present efforts ○ A basic idea common among national citizens to form and protect landscape has not been established. ○ Limitation of soft methods, such as notification and admonition regarding actions based on independent ordinances ⇒Filing of lawsuits related to landscape ○ National Government financial and tax-related support for independent efforts by local public bodies is inadequate. Requests from national landscape conferences and landscape formation promotion councils, etc. “Outline on beautiful nation creation policy”(July 2003, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport) “Action plan to make the nation prosperous based on tourism”(July 2003, ministerial meeting related to making the nation prosperous based on tourism) “‘City Landscape Day’ central event 2003 declaration” Necessity ○ It is necessary to establish basic laws and systems directly from the perspective of landscape; to clearly position the significance of landscape and the need to form and protect landscape, as well as to give certain binding power to local public bodies to prepare for crucial circumstances, through the following: •Clarification of the basic idea to form and protect landscape •Clarification of responsibilities of national citizens, businesses, and administration •Establishment of a system to regulate actions for landscape formation •Establishment of support measures for landscape formation, etc. 5

  8. 5. Present State of Landscape Ordinances • Designation of buildings, etc., important for landscape • Authorization of civic organizations, such as landscape councils • Aid / subsidy (hard type, such as buildings) • Aid / subsidy (soft type, such as civic activities) • A system to dispatch landscape advisers / experts • A landscape-related commendation system • A landscape formation policy • A basic plan on landscape formation • Landscape formation districts and emphasized districts • Landscape formation standards, landscaping guidelines • A landscape council • A system of notification related to buildings (large-scale), etc. About the above content A questionnaire survey of all the local public bodies was conducted, as of September 30, 2003. (1) Content of landscape ordinances ○Landscape ordinances are based on the Local Autonomy Law, and local public bodies independently set up ordinances and induce compliance, etc., related to landscape. [Main content stipulated in landscape ordinances] 6

  9. (2) Change in Numbers of Municipal Landscape Ordinances Established (Accumulative Numbers) Establishment of 494 landscape ordinances in 450 municipalities 494 Designation of model cities for urban landscape formation Number of ordinances 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Before 1971 First half of 2003 Data: Questionnaire survey of local public bodies (as of September 30, 2003) 7

  10. 6. Various Implementers That Support Landscape Formation NPO corporations that promote city improvement activities Public-interest corporations, such as city improvement public corporations And other activity organizations City improvement councils by residents Regional residents’ associations Beautification activities And other efforts by residents themselves Positioning as landscape formation organizations Landscape advisors Landscape councils, etc. Regional carpenters and building contractor’s offices Consultants on landscape and city improvement Various experts’ support 8

  11. 7. Landscape Law ○ Favorable landscape is a common asset for present and future national citizens. ○Landscape formation requires harmony with nature, history, culture, etc., in the region, people’s lifestyles, economic activities, etc. ○ Landscape should be formed in diversified ways to promote each region’s individuality. ○Landscape should be formed with consideration to activation of tourism and the region. ○Landscape formation should be promoted through collaboration among residents, businesses, and administration. (1) Basic ideas and responsibilities Basic ideas Responsibilities Residents They play an active role in the formation of favorable landscape. They cooperate in national Government and local public body measures. Businesses Local public bodies They work to form favorable landscape, related to business activities. They cooperate in national Government and local public body measures. They establish and implement measures according to various natural and social conditions of the area, regarding formation of favorable landscape. The national Government It establishes and implements comprehensive measures regarding the formation of favorable landscape. It deepens national citizens’ understanding through diffusion and enlightenment activities, etc. 9

  12. (2) Landscape Administrative Organizations and Landscape Planning Residents and NPOs can make suggestions (approval of two-thirds or more of landowners, etc., is needed). Landscape administrative organizations Landscape planning It is possible to integratedly tackle protection of terrace paddy fields and mountains in the suburbs of cities, in addition to induction regarding buildings and structures. Measures that encourage highly motivated municipalities to be leaders in landscape administration. ○ Government-designated cities and core cities automatically become landscape administrative organizations. ○ Other municipalities become landscape administrative organizations based on discussion and agreement with respective prefectures. ○ In other regions, prefectures become landscape administrative organizations. ○ A landscape administrative organization makes a plan, and sets up areas and standards, etc., for notification / admonition regarding certain actions. ○ Actions applicable to notification and admonition can be added or eliminated by an ordinance. ○ Tools should be prepared to promote formation of favorable landscape of rural villages, including measures to protect terrace paddy fields and against giving up cultivation. By positioning roads and rivers as public facilities important for landscape, it is possible to make improvements considering landscape, and permit exclusive use with a viewpoint of landscape. • Measures to protect terrace paddy fields and against giving up cultivation • ○ It is possible to set up a plan to develop a landscape agriculture promotion region in a landscape planning area, to induce agricultural land use in harmony with landscape. • ○ When an admonition is not followed, a landscape formation organization can acquire rights to use agricultural land, and manage the agricultural land, through discussion regarding rights transfer. ○ Positioning as public facilities important for landscape based on discussion and agreement with public facility administrators ○ Public facility administrators can request positioning as public facilities important for landscape. Promotion of elimination of electric poles from streets, according to a special case in the Special Measures Law concerning Construction of Multipurpose Underground Conduits. 10

  13. (3) Action Regulation and Support Systems Landscape planning areas (Areas other than city planning areas can also be designated.) ○ Mild regulation and induction based on notification and admonition regarding construction of buildings, etc. ○ As to designs and colors of buildings and structures, it is possible to order change by establishing an ordinance. ○ Establishment of “public facilities important for landscape,” and special cases under the “Multipurpose Underground Conduit Law” ○ Regulation, such as on changing the character of agricultural land, strengthening of measures for land people stopped cultivating, promotion of forestry business Landscape councils Administration, residents, public facility administrators, etc., conduct conferences, and make rules regarding landscape. Landscape agreement Landscape districts Making detailed rules on landscape based on agreement by residents (City planning) ○ Designation of districts for aggressive formation of favorable landscape using city planning methods ○ The first comprehensive regulation on designs, colors, height, lot area, etc., of buildings and structures ○ Such actions as piling of wastes and changing the land character can also be regulated by establishing an ordinance. [Image of efforts at a shopping street] Soft-aspect support [Open café project example] Landscape formation organizations Buildings and trees important for landscape The chief of a landscape administrative organization designates an NPO corporation or public-interest corporation. Landscape formation organizations conduct management of buildings and trees important for landscape, acquisition of rights to use land that people have stopped cultivating, and others. Designation and aggressive protection of buildings, structures, and trees important for landscape [Image] [Image of a cityscape] [Image of a completed pocket park, etc.] Collaboration with the Outdoor Advertising Materials Law Use of deregulation measures 11

  14. Landscape planning areas Landscape districts It is possible to order change regarding certain items stipulated in an ordinance, when necessary. Introduction of a landscape authorization system regarding items requiring discretion, such as forms, colors, and designs of buildings, etc. It is also possible to decide separate standards and actions applicable to notification, within the region. Securing of numerical items (height of buildings, position of wall surface, lowest limit of lot area) by building construction authorization. Specific standards and actions applicable to notifications are decided by a landscape administrative organization. It is possible to stipulate regulation on other necessary items, such as changing land character, by an ordinance, and implement it. Procedures according to city planning in city planning and semi-city-planning areas, and corresponding procedures in other areas (semi-landscape districts) Areas are set up in landscape planning. ○ It Is Possible to Choose Regulation and Induction Methods According to Characteristics of Regions Aiming to conduct mild regulation and induction based on notification and admonition. Aiming to induce formation of favorable Landscape rather aggressively. 12

  15. (4) Procedures for Notification, Authorization, etc. Landscape planning areas Landscape districts Structure Building Building Structure Height, position of wall surface, etc. Height, position of wall surface, etc. Design, color Design, color Design, color Height, etc. Design, color Height, etc. Standards City plan establishment Applicable to notification [examples: construction of a building, change in color, construction of a structure] Establishment of an ordinance Setup of restrictions regarding buildings Admonition standards [examples: height of 30 m or less, a serene color for the roof] Notification (penalty for violation of the notification) Application for authorization to the municipality chief Application for authorization Examination of conformance to the standards provided in city planning (within 30 days) Within 30 days Admonition Order for change by establishing an ordinance, if necessary. Authorization Easing of slant line restriction, etc. Within 30 days from notification Can be prolonged up to 90 days, depending on cases. Conformance obligation (penalty for violation of notification) Order for change by establishing an ordinance, if necessary. Start of action Start of action Indication of authorization Indication of authorization Inspection (depending on cases) Completion inspection Use restriction, etc.(depending on cases) Order for correction, etc. (depending on cases) 13

  16. (5) Public Facilities Important for Landscape Landscape administrative organizations Public facility administrators Landscape planning based on the Landscape Law Conference ○ Planning on respective public facilities ○ Public facilities important for landscape(Paragraph 5 of Sub-Section 2 of Section 8) Agreement (Roads, rivers, city parks, beaches, ports and harbors, etc.) •It is possible to request designation of public facilities that are important for landscape (attachment of a draft report) (Section 10) Request •Items regarding formation and improvement Respect •Formation and improvement according to landscape planning (Section 47) •Standards on permission (more stringent prefectural standards for permission for exclusive use) •Special cases of permission (Sections 49 to 54) Permission for exclusive use according to the standards provided in landscape planning [Images] ○ Special cases in the Multipurpose Underground Conduit Law concerning Roads Important for Landscape (Section 48) Road River When necessary for landscape, it is possible to designate a road that requires construction of multipurpose underground conduits. Beach Port 14

  17. (6) Other Systems Landscape agreement Buildings important for landscape Integrated agreement on various items regarding landscape, such as buildings, greenery, structures, signboards, and open-air parking space ○ Independent agreement based on consensus among landowners, etc. ○ Effective even after transfer to a third party ○ It is possible to stipulate various items regarding landscape, including soft aspects, in addition to buildings and greenery Aggressive protection of buildings important for landscape, which will be regional landscape Landscape formation organizations ○Landscape administrative organizations designate buildings, structures, and trees that are important for landscape. Support for sustainable efforts through initiative by residents, by positioning an NPO organization or public-interest corporation ○ Owners must maintain and protect the buildings concerned. ○ Information supply by experts on landscape ○ Coordination toward resident consensus ○ A change of the present state of a building requires permission. ○ Purchase of buildings important for landscape, and promotion of their improvement (As to parts related to appearance, the present state should basically be preserved.) Landscape councils ○ Deregulation of parts related to appearance is possible(according to an ordinance based on the Building Standard Law) Supply of opportunities for residents, businesses, and related administrative agencies, to work cooperatively ○ Support through the tax system ○ Items decided by a council must be respected. ○ Activation of the region through open cafés, cleanup strategy, etc. 15

  18. (7) Image of a Region Applicable to the Landscape Law Semi-landscape district Natural park Buildings important for landscape Outside the city planning area Inside the city planning area Trees important for landscape Area planning to develop a landscape agriculture promotion region Landscape planning area Landscape district Public facilities important for landscape Urbanization control area Urbanization promotion area Landscape district Buildings important for landscape Buildings important for landscape 16

  19. (8) Landscape Formation Project Promotion Cost Aggressive support and promotion of projects and research to create favorable landscape toward realization of a rich and high-quality life for the people, even in the middle of a fiscal year  ○ Creation of attractive city landscape  ○ Formation of favorable landscape using rich nature scenes  ○ Preservation of the historic climate and maintenance of traditional buildings [Budgetary measure] “Classification-undecided costs, such as adjustment cost,” among public project-related costs Projects that have become necessary in the middle of a fiscal year, with flexible budget allocation • Fiscal 2004 estimated amount: 20 billion yen [Applicable projects] (1) Projects stipulated in landscape planning based on the Landscape Law (2) Projects for forming favorable landscape in a landscape planning area or landscape district stipulated in the above planning (3) Projects for forming favorable landscape in a tasteful district or a district with an outdoors advertising materials ordinance established Others [Specific image examples of applicable projects] •A forestry conservancy project to protect the historic climate, and formation / purchase, etc., of green space •Maintenance of a traditional cityscape •Maintenance of a tasteful bridge and the river environment •Formation of easily usable open space and rest facilities in harmony with the circumstances 17

  20. (9) Support through the Tax System (1) Setting of an appraisal value at an appropriate level for buildings important for landscape and their sites (inheritance tax) Regarding buildings important for landscape, restriction on changing the present appearance results in limitation of use benefits, such as use application and floor area. As such, the inheritance tax shall be appraised appropriately according to the degree of limitation in usage. Building important for landscape [Conventionally] [New system to be established] No regulation system Designation as a building important for landscape Restriction of change of the present state, etc. Limitation of use benefits When tax cannot be paid Sale to the private sector Reduction of appraisal according to limitation of use benefits by regulation Demolition / rebuilding of the building Loss of a building important for landscape Maintenance by ownership by heir (2) Special deduction of 15 million yen for transfer of land, etc., in a landscape planning area to a landscape formation organization, etc. (income tax, corporate tax) When land, etc., effectively usable for a project related to public facilities important for landscape stipulated in a landscape plan established by a local public body, is transferred to the local public body or a landscape formation organization, a special deduction of 15 million yen is applied to the income from transfer of the assets concerned. 18

  21. (10) Support by Deregulation Deregulation regarding buildings important for landscape Easing of slant line restriction * It is possible to partially ease restriction under the Building Standard Law, by establishing an ordinance, aiming to preserve the present appearance Reduction of the edge of eaves is unnecessary. Restriction items under the Building Standard Law, to be eased (* indicates items without easing regulation for within a traditional building group preservation district) Section 21 : Fire control measures for large-scale buildings Section 22 to Fire control measures for roofs, 2 of Section 24 : external walls, etc., in a fireproof roof area Section 25 : Fire control measures for external walls, etc., of large-scale wooden buildings, etc. Section 28 : Lighting and ventilation of living rooms Sections 43 Road contact obligation, restriction and 44 : regarding building on a road Section 47* : Building restriction by wall surface line Sections 52 Floor area ratio, building coverage and 53 ratio Section 54* : Setback distance of external walls in a region exclusively for low-rise houses Section 55 : Restriction of height in a region exclusively for low-rise houses Section 56 : Slant line restriction 2 of Section 56* : Shade restriction Section 58 : Height district Sections 61 Building restriction in a fire control to 64 region and a semi-fire-control region 2 of Section 67 : Building restriction in a district to develop specified disaster prevention blocks Section 68* : Building restriction in a landscape district Easing of restriction of the building coverage ratio Rationalization of form regulation (exclusion of application of slant line restriction) when wall surface position and height are determined. * It is possible to exclude application of slant line restriction by establishing wall surface position and the highest limit of height. 19

  22. [Reference 1]Major Items of the Action Plan to Make the Nation Prosperous Based on Tourism I. Penetration of the direction to take in the 21st century: “To make the nation prosperous based on tourism” •Appealing “a nation prosperous based on tourism” by gathering ambassadors in Tokyo at the official residence of the Prime Minister •Conduction of a symposium on making the nation prosperous based on tourism •Thorough publicity on the “Visit Japan Campaign” toward national citizens II. Establishing the charms of Japan and the charms of regions III. Forwarding of Japanese brands toward overseas Sales promotion to foreign leaders “Each region is a tourist attraction.” • Sales promotion to foreign leaders when the Prime Minister and other ministers visit foreign countries, and when leaders of other countries come to Japan • Additional installation of “Charm Net Site” in the homepage on tourism of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, to encourage national citizens to discover regional charms. •Preparation of a video in which the Prime Minister appears; TV broadcasting in important markets • Opening of “Tourism Charisma School” • Promotion of model projects to create tourism interchange space “Visit Japan Campaign” • Support for a national campaign of “coexistence and interaction between cities and rural villages” (All Right Nippon Campaign), to promote experience-based tourism • Promotion of the following as two major activities: (1) publicity / advertising through overseas media, etc., and (2) support toward overseas travel agencies by supplying information for developing travel products to Japan. • Promotion integrated with national city revitalization / structural reform special districts, etc. Favorable landscape formation • Construction of a portal site to comprehensively provide Japan’s charms and tourism-related information in many languages, as information-forwarding using IT. • Establishment of a landscape assessment system for public projects • Establishment of a basic legal system regarding landscape • Starting a local promotion group for the “Visit Japan Campaign” promoted jointly by the Government and the private sector, including diplomatic institutions abroad, in 20 major countries / regions overseas.合 • Enrichment, etc., of the outdoor advertising materials system • Promotion of burying electric wires underground IV. Establishment of an environment for making the nation prosperous based on tourism Smoothening of entry procedures, etc. • Acceptance of visa applications at the Consulate General in Guangzhou, improvement of system operation, and expansion of regions applicable to visa-granting, regarding group sightseeing tours to Japan from China. Establishment of an environment that enables a foreigner to walk alone • Judgment (monitoring) by foreigners on the state of environment establishment • Speeding up of entry examination through introduction of an advanced passenger information system (APIS) •Installation of guidance signs, etc., that are also easy for foreign tourists Reduction of traveling cost (Establishment of a guideline on guidance signs, promotion of inspection and intensive maintenance of guidance signs, etc., increase / enrichment of tourist information centers that can handle foreigners, study on supply of easy-to-understand information at stations) • Examination on a discount system for foreigners, regarding transportation means, tourist facilities, etc. • Research / experimental testing on IC cards usable at shops and for transportation means, etc., in multiple countries • Supply of information on lodging facilities in response to needs of foreign travelers • Promotion of implementation of the strategy, through conduction of a director-class conference, under a ministerial meeting related to making the nation prosperous based on tourism. V. Promotion of a strategy toward making the nation prosperous based on tourism • Regular inspection and evaluation of the results of implemented measures, and review as needed (Plan - Do - See) Decided at the ministerial meeting related to making the nation prosperous based on tourism, on July 31, 2003 20

  23. Official announcement on the outline on beautiful nation creation policy July 11, 2003 Points ポイント 国土交通省 Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport ○ ○ Establishment of a landscape assessment system in each stage of a project, such as before implementation and after completion of a public project 公共事業 の実施前や完了後など事業の各段階における   Residents, etc. 住民等 景観アセスメント の仕組みを確立 ○ Establishment of a landscape formation guideline to promote favorable landscape formation in public projects ○公共事業について良好な景観形成を図るための 景観形成   ガイドライン を策定 Local public bodies 地方公共 ○ Establishment of a basic legal system to comprehensively and systematically promote protection and formation of favorable landscape ○良好な景観の保全・形成を総合的かつ体系的に推進するた 団体  めの 基本法制 を制定 2 Realization of a beautiful nation ○ Promotion of the “green corridor plan” to promote the creation of large-scale forests in the suburbs of cities; the formation of structural axes of greenery, etc., together with enrichment of the greenery-related legal system ○ 緑に関する法制度の充実 とあわせ、都市近郊の大規模な森  の創出、緑の骨格軸の形成等を図る 「緑の回廊構想」 を推進 Enterprises 企業 ○ Short-term intensive disposal of illegal outdoor advertising materials, etc., in certain districts, such as tourist spots, together with enrichment of the outdoor advertising materials system. ○ 屋外広告物制度の充実 とあわせ、観光地など一定地区で   違反屋外広告物等を 短期間に集中整理 ○ Burying electric wires underground, within five years, on main roads in selected districts requiring urgent promotion, through collaboration by related parties, while paying attention to promoting tourism. ○ 観光振興にも留意しつつ、関係者が連携し、選定した 緊急に 5  推進すべき地区内の主な道路 で 年目途に電線類地中化 Experts 専門家 ○ Promotion of such efforts as inspection of regional landscape by local public bodies, residents, etc., and use of the inspection results to improve factors that negatively affect landscape, etc. ○地方公共団体や住民等が 地域景観の点検 を行い、点検結  Role-sharing and collaboration  果を 景観阻害要因の改善 等に活用する取り組みを促進 役割分担 と協働 Promotion of emphasized activities as above 等の 重点的な取り組みを推進 [Reference 2] Gist of the Outline on Beautiful Nation Creation Policy 21

  24. [Reference 3] Outline on the City Revitalization Vision ◇ Use of private investment, active use of private funds and know-how, creation of a new market by city improvement activities through initiative by residents ◇ Actual field of city improvement, partnership with the community, city improvement through participation by citizens, region management through collaboration between the Government and the private sector ◇ Output-oriented city policy, collaboration / comprehensive development with policy means related to city policy, forwarding of easy-to-understand information (1) National city revitalization through formation of “walking-distance living” areas (6) Promotion of city tourism (2) Construction of a recycling-oriented city structure (7) Construction of a system toward landscape formation and greenery creation (3) Development of strategic city transport policy (8) Construction of safe and secure cities (4) Improvement of international competitiveness in large city areas (9) Promotion of region management through initiative by residents (5) Expansion of private investment to revitalize city centers (10) Future city strategy in response to policy issues Report by the Panel on Infrastructure Formation, on December 24, 2003 Suggestion on the 21st century-type city revitalization vision to create a safe, comfortable, and beautiful life / activity / interchange space, and meet the changes of the new age Five basic directions 1) Construction of sustainable cities in coexistence with the environment 2) Revitalization into global cities with high international competitiveness, and local cities filled with individuality and energy 3) Creation of “city beauty space” blessed with “favorable landscape / greenery” and “regional culture” 4) Construction of safe and secure cities 5) General city management through collaboration by the Government and the private sector toward realization of a city future image Basic viewpoints of policy development Ten action plans 22